Thermochemical Processing of Biomass: Conversion into Fuels, Chemicals and Power / Edition 1

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Overview

This book is a comprehensive examination of the large number of possible pathways for converting biomass into fuels and power through thermochemical processes. The book brings together a widely scattered body of information into a single volume that allows comparison of the various thermochemical pathways. The thermochemical processes considered include combustion, gasification, fast pyrolysis, hydrothermal treating, and catalytic conversion of sugars. The book also includes chapters on the upgrading of syngas and bio-oil to liquid transportation fuels, and the economics of the various processes for producing fuels and power.

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Product Details

Table of Contents

Series Preface
(Preface)
(Acknowledgements)
List of Contributors

1. Introduction to Thermochemical Processing of Biomass into Fuels, Chemicals and Power
Robert C. Brown

1.1 Direct Combustion
1.2 Gasification
1.3 Fast Pyrolysis
1.4 Hydrothermal Processing
1.5 Hydrolysis to Sugars
1.6 Technoeconomic Analysis References

2. Biomasss Combustion
Bryan M. Jenkins, Larry L. Baxter and Jaap Koppejan

2.1 Introduction
2.2 Combustion Systems
2.3 Fundamentals of Biomass Combustion
2.4 Pollutant Emissions and Environmental Impacts References

3. Gasification
Richard L. Bain and Karl Broer

3.1 Introduction
3.2 Fundamentals of Gasification
3.3 Feed Properties
3.4 Classifying Gasifiers According to Method of Heating
3.5 Classifying Gasifiers According to Transport Processes
3.6 Pressurized Gasification
3.7 Product Composition
3.8 System Applications References

4. Syngas Cleanup, Conditioning, and Utilization
David C. Dayton, Brian Turk and Raghubir Gupta

4.1 Introduction
4.2 Syngas Cleanup and Conditioning
4.3 Syngas Utilization
4.4 Practical Applications and Industrial Practices References

5. Fast Pyrolysis
Robbie Venderbosch and Wolter Prins

5.1 Introduction
5.2 Bio-Oil Properties
5.3 Fast Pyrolysis Process Technologies
5.4 Bio-Oil Fuel Applications
5.5 Chemicals from Bio-Oil
5.6 Concluding Remarks Acknowledgement References

6. Bio-Oil Upgrading
Anthony Bridgwater

6.1 Introduction to Fast Pyrolysis and Bio-Oil
6.2 Liquid Characteristics and Quality
6.3 Significant Factors Affecting Characteristics
6.4 Bio-Oil Upgrading
6.5 Chemical and Catalytic Upgrading of Bio-Oil
6.6 Conclusions References

7. Hydrothermal Processing
Douglas C. Elliott

7.1 Introdcution
7.2 Background
7.3 Fundamentals
7.4 Hydrothermal Liquefaction
7.5 Hydrothermal Gasification
7.6 Pumping Biomass into Hydrothermal Processing Systems
7.7 Conclusions of Hydrothermal Processing References

8. Catalytic Conversion of Sugars to Fuels
Geoffrey A. Tompsett, Ning Li and George W. Huber

8.1 Introduction
8.2 Chemistry of Sugars
8.3 Hydrogen from Sugars
8.4 Sugar to Light Alkanes
8.5 Sugars to Oxygenates
8.6 Sugars to Larger Alkanes
8.7 Sugar Conversion to Aromatics
8.8 Conclusions and Summary Acknowledgements References

9. Hybrid Processing
DongWon Choi, Alan A. DiSpirito, David C. Chipman and Robert C. Brown

9.1 Introduction
9.2 Syngas Fermentation
9.3 Bio-Oil Fermentation References

10. Cost of Thermochemical Conversion of Biomass to Power and Liquid Fuels
Mark M. Wright and Robert C. Brown

10.1 Introduction
10.2 Electric Power Generation
10.3 Liquid Fuels via Gasification
10.4 Liquid Fuels via Fast Pyrolysis Summary and Conclusions References

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