Thermodynamics and Fluctuations far from Equilibrium / Edition 1

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Overview

This book deals with the formulation of the thermodynamics of chemical and other systems far from equilibrium, including connections to fluctuations. It contains applications to non-equilibrium stationary states and approaches to such states, systems with multiple stationary states, stability and equi-stability conditions, reaction diffusion systems, transport properties, and electrochemical systems. The theoretical treatment is complemented by experimental results to substantiate the formulation. Dissipation and efficiency are analyzed in autonomous and externally forced reactions, including several biochemical systems.
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Editorial Reviews

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"Generalizing thermodynamics to treat … nonequilibrium situations is the subject matter of ‘Thermodynamics and Fluctuations far from Equilibrium,’ by John Ross. Because nonequilibrium thermodynamics lies at the heart of many diverse real processes, the book’s subject matter should prove useful to a wide audience including, among others, physicists, chemists, biologists, and engineers. … This book is a welcome contribution to the topic." (Raymond Kapral, Chemical and Engineering News, Vol. 86 (36), 2008)

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Product Details

  • ISBN-13: 9783540745549
  • Publisher: Springer Berlin Heidelberg
  • Publication date: 2/29/2008
  • Series: Springer Series in Chemical Physics , #90
  • Edition description: 2008
  • Edition number: 1
  • Pages: 210
  • Product dimensions: 6.40 (w) x 9.30 (h) x 0.80 (d)

Table of Contents

Pt. I Thermodynamics and Fluctuations Far from Equilibrium

1 Introduction to Part I 3

2 Thermodynamics Far from Equilibrium: Linear and Nonlinear One-Variable Systems 11

3 Thermodynamic State Function for Single and Multivariable Systems 23

4 Continuation of Deterministic Approach for Multivariable Systems 33

5 Thermodynamic and Stochastic Theory of Reaction-Diffusion Systems 41

6 Stability and Relative Stability of Multiple Stationary States Related to Fluctuations 59

7 Experiments on Relative Stability in Kinetic Systems with Multiple Stationary States 65

8 Thermodynamic and Stochastic Theory of Transport Processes 73

9 Thermodynamic and Stochastic Theory for Non-Ideal Systems 89

10 Electrochemical Experiments in Systems Far from Equilibrium 95

11 Theory of Determination of Thermodynamic and Stochastic Potentials from Macroscopic Measurements 101

Pt. II Dissipation and Efficiency in Autonomous and Externally Forced Reactions, Including Several Biochemical Systems

12 Dissipation in Irreversible Processes 113

13 Efficiency of Irreversible Processes 121

14 Finite-Time Thermodynamics R. Stephen Berry Berry, R. Stephen 131

15 Reduction of Dissipation in Heat Engines by Periodic Changes of External Constraints 147

16 Dissipation and Efficiency in Biochemical Reactions 150

17 Three Applications of Chapter 16 109

Pt. III Stochastic Theory and Fluctuations in Systems Far from Equilibrium, Including Disordered Systems

18 Fluctuation-Dissipation Relations 181

19 Fluctuations in Limit Cycle Oscillators 191

20 Disordered Kinetic Systems 197

Index 205

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