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Based on the authors' graduate courses at MIT, this text and reference provides a unified understanding of both the critical concepts of chemical thermodynamics and their applications. Part I of this book provides the theoretical basis of classical thermodynamics, including the 1st and 2nd laws, the Fundamental Equation, Legendre transformations, and general equilibrium criteria. Part II contains an extensive description of how thermodynamic properties are correlated, modeled, manipulated and estimated. Both macroscopic, empirically-based and molecular-level approaches are discussed in-depth, for pure components and mixtures. New, detailed coverage shows how traditional macroscopic models are connected to their roots at the molecular level. Part III presents applications of classical thermodynamics in detail. The book connects theory with applications at every opportunity, using extensive examples, classroom problems and homework exercises. Chemical engineering and physical chemistry graduate courses in thermodynamics.
I. FUNDAMENTALS PRINCIPLES.
1. The Scope of Classical Thermodynamics.
2. Basic Concepts and Definitions.
3. Energy and the First Law.
4. Reversibility and the Second Law.
5. The Calculus of Thermodynamics.
6. Equilibrium Criteria.
7. Stability Criteria.
II. THERMODYNAMIC PROPERTIES.
8. Properties of Pure Materials.
9. Property Relationships for Mixtures.
10. Statistical Mechanical Approach for Property Models.
11. Models for Non-Ideal, Non-Electrolyte Solutions.
12. Models for Electrolyte Solutions.
13. Estimating Physical Properties.
14. Practical heat Engines and Power Cycles.
15. Phase Equilibrium and Stability.
16. Chemical Equilibria.
17. Generalized Treatment of Phase and Chemical Equilibria.
18. Systems under Stress, in Electromagnetic or Potential Fields.
19. Thermodynamics of Surfaces.
A. Summary of the Postulates.
B. Mathematical relations of Functions of States.
C. Derivation of Euler's Theorem.
D. Mathematical Formulae for Stability and Equilibria.
E. Numerical Methods.
F. General Mixture Relationships for Extensive and Intensive Properties.
G. Pure Component Property Data.
H. Conversion Factors and Gas Constant Values.