Thermodynamics for the Practicing Engineer [NOOK Book]

Overview

Thermodynamics for the Practicing Engineer, as the title suggests, is written for all practicing engineers and anyone studying to become one. Its focus therefore is on applications of thermodynamics, addressing both technical and pragmatic problems in the field. Readers are provided a solid base in thermodynamics theory; however, the text is mostly dedicated to demonstrating how theory is applied to solve real-world problems.

This text's four parts enable readers to easily gain ...

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Thermodynamics for the Practicing Engineer

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Overview

Thermodynamics for the Practicing Engineer, as the title suggests, is written for all practicing engineers and anyone studying to become one. Its focus therefore is on applications of thermodynamics, addressing both technical and pragmatic problems in the field. Readers are provided a solid base in thermodynamics theory; however, the text is mostly dedicated to demonstrating how theory is applied to solve real-world problems.

This text's four parts enable readers to easily gain a foundation in basic principles and then learn how to apply them in practice:

Sets forth the basic principles of thermodynamics, reviewing such topics as units and dimensions, conservation laws, gas laws, and the second law of thermodynamics.

Examines sensible, latent, chemical reaction, and mixing enthalpy effects. Addresses both principles and calculations for phase, vapor-liquid, and chemical reaction equilibrium.

Reviews such important issues as economics, numerical methods, open-ended problems, environmental concerns, health and safety management, ethics, and energy.

Throughout the text, detailed illustrative examples demonstrate how all the principles, procedures, and equations are put into practice. Additional practice problems enable readers to solve real-world problems similar to the ones that they will encounter on the job.

Readers will gain a solid working knowledge of thermodynamics principles and applications upon successful completion of this text. Moreover, they will be better prepared when approaching/addressing advanced material and more complex problems.

Men do not understand books until they have had a certain amount of life, or at any rate no man understands a deepbook, until he has seen and lived at least part of its contents. -A, B, C of Reading. Page 88

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Product Details

  • ISBN-13: 9781118216316
  • Publisher: Wiley, John & Sons, Incorporated
  • Publication date: 11/30/2011
  • Series: Essential Engineering Calculations Series , #9
  • Sold by: Barnes & Noble
  • Format: eBook
  • Edition number: 1
  • Pages: 414
  • File size: 8 MB

Meet the Author

LOUIS THEODORE, ENG SCD, is a consultant for Theodore Tutorials, a company specializing in providing training solutions to industry, academia, and government. In addition to receiving awards from the International Air & Waste Management Association and the American Society for Engineering Education, Dr. Theodore is the author/coauthor of eighty-one books, including Nanotechnology: Basic Calculations for Engineers and Scientists (Wiley) and Handbook of Chemical and Environmental Engineering Calculations (Wiley), plus nearly 100 technical publications. He was recently (2008) recognized at Madison Square Garden for his contributions to basketball and the youth of America.

FRANCESCO RICCI is currently a junior chemical engineering student at Manhattan College. A member of both Tau Beta Pi and Omega Chi Epsilon, and the recipient of numerous academic awards and scholarships, Mr. Ricci is the author of the solutions manual to this text, and a contributing author to the 2009 title Introduction to Environmental Management.

TIMOTHY VANVLIET is currently a senior chemical engineering student at Manhattan College. Mr. VanVliet is a member of Omega Chi Epsilon, and has received numerous academic awards and scholarships.

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Table of Contents

Preface xvii

Part I Introduction 1

1 Basic Calculations 3

Introduction 3

Units and Dimensions 3

Conversion of Units 7

The Gravitational Constant, gc 8

Significant Figures and Scientific Notation 8

References 9

2 Process Variables 11

Introduction 11

Temperature 12

Pressure 14

Moles and Molecular Weights 15

Mass and Volume 20

Viscosity 21

Heat Capacity 23

Thermal Conductivity 24

Reynolds Number 25

pH 26

Vapor Pressure 27

Property Estimation 28

References 29

3 Gas Laws 31

Introduction 31

Boyle's and Charles' Laws 32

The Ideal Gas Law 33

Standard Conditions 36

Partial Pressure and Partial Volume 38

Critical and Reduced Properties 40

Non-Ideal Gas Behavior 42

Non-Ideal Mixtures 48

References 50

4 Conservation Laws 53

Introduction 53

The Conservation Laws 54

The Conservation Law for Momentum 56

The Conservation Law for Mass 58

The Conservation Law for Energy 65

References 71

5 Stoichiometry 73

Introduction 73

Combustion of Methane 74

Excess and Limiting Reactant(s) 75

Combustion of Ethane 76

Combustion of Chlorobenzene 80

References 87

6 The Second Law of Thermodynamics 89

Introduction 89

Qualitative Review of the Second Law 90

Quantitative Review of the Second Law 91

Ideal Work and Lost Work 95

The Heat Exchanger Dilemma 99

Chemical Plant and Process Applications 107

The Third Law of Thermodynamics 109

References 110

Part II Enthalpy Effects 113

7 Sensible Enthalpy Effects 115

Introduction 115

The Gibbs Phase Rule (GPR) 115

Enthalpy Values 118

Heat Capacity Values 121

Predictive Methods for Heat Capacity 134

References 136

8 Latent Enthalpy Effects 137

Introduction137

The Clausius-Clapeyron (C-C) Equation 138

Predictive Methods: Normal Boiling Point 144

Predictive Methods: Other Temperatures 147

Industrial Applications 148

References 153

9 Enthalpy of Mixing Effects 155

Introduction 155

Enthalpy-Concentration Diagrams 155

H2SO4-H2O Diagram 158

NaOH-H2O Diagram 160

Enthalpy of Mixing at Infinite Dilution 162

Evaporator Design 165

References 167

10 Chemical Reaction Enthalpy Effects 169

Introduction 169

Standard Enthalpy of Formation 170

Standard Enthalpy of Reaction 171

Effect of Temperature on Enthalpy of Reaction 178

Gross and Net Heating Values 191

References 197

Part III Equilibrium Thermodynamics 199

11 Phase Equilibrium Principles 201

Introduction 201

Psychometric Chart 203

Raoult's Law 209

Henry's Law 213

Raoult's Law vs Henry's Law 218

Vapor-Solid Equilibrium 222

Liquid-Solid Equilibrium 228

References 229

12 Vapor-Liquid Equilibrium Calculations 231

Introduction 231

The DePriester Charts 234

Raoult's Law Diagrams 243

Vapor-Liquid Equilibrium in Nonideal Solutions 249

NRTL Diagrams 253

Wilson Diagrams 262

Relative Volatility 266

References 268

13 Chemical Reaction Equilibrium Principles 269

Introduction 269

Standard Free Energy of Formation, ΔG0f 270

Standard Free Energy of Reaction, ΔG0 273

The Chemical Reaction Equilibrium Constant, K 276

Effect of Temperature on ΔG0 and K: Simplified Approach 278

Effect of Temperature on ΔG0 and K: α, β, and γ Data 280

Effect of Temperature on ΔG0 and K: a, b, and c Data 283

Procedures to Determine K 286

References 289

14 Chemical Reaction Equilibrium Applications 291

Introduction 291

Rate vs Equilibrium Considerations 292

Extent of Reaction 293

The Reaction Coordinate 295

Gas Phase Reactions 299

Equilibrium Conversion Calculations: Simplified Approach 302

Equilibrium Conversion Calculations: Rigorous Approach 306

Other Reactions 312

References 316

Part IV Other Topics 317

15 Economic Considerations 319

Introduction 319

Capital Costs 320

Operating Costs 323

Project Evaluation 324

Perturbation Studies in Optimization 325

References 332

16 Open-Ended Problems 333

Introduction 333

Developing Students' Power of Critical Thinking 335

Creativity 336

Brainstorming 337

Inquiring Minds 338

References 342

17 Other ABET Topics 343

Introduction 343

Environmental Management 343

Health, Safety, and Accident Management 348

Numerical Methods 356

Ethics 361

References 363

18 Fuel Options 365

Introduction 365

Fuel Properties 366

Natural Gas 368

Liquid Fuels 369

Coal 371

Fuel Selection 372

Stoichiometric Calculations 373

References 375

19 Exergy: The Concept of "Quality Energy" 377

Introduction 377

The Quality of Heat vs Work 377

Exergy 378

Quantitative Exergy Analysis 379

Environmental Impact 386

Exergy Efficiency 388

References 389

Appendix 391

I Steam Tables 391

A Saturated Steam 392

B Superheated Steam 395

C Saturated Steam-Ice 398

II SI Units 399

III Conversion Constants 402

IV Selected Common Abbreviations 405

References 407

Index 409

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