Thermodynamics W/Ees Problems Disk IBM 3 1/2 / Edition 3

Thermodynamics W/Ees Problems Disk IBM 3 1/2 / Edition 3

by Yunus A. Cengel, Michael A. Boles
     
 

ISBN-10: 0079132383

ISBN-13: 9780079132383

Pub. Date: 11/28/1997

Publisher: McGraw-Hill Companies, The

With plenty of illustrations and examples, this new edition engages students and makes learning the key concepts of thermodynamics both more accessible and enjoyable. Thermodynamics An Engineering Approach also promotes a clearer understanding of the basic principles with its focus on a physical, intuitive approach rather than a heavily mathematical one.

Overview

With plenty of illustrations and examples, this new edition engages students and makes learning the key concepts of thermodynamics both more accessible and enjoyable. Thermodynamics An Engineering Approach also promotes a clearer understanding of the basic principles with its focus on a physical, intuitive approach rather than a heavily mathematical one.

Product Details

ISBN-13:
9780079132383
Publisher:
McGraw-Hill Companies, The
Publication date:
11/28/1997
Edition description:
Older Edition
Pages:
1056

Related Subjects

Table of Contents

Preface xxvii
Nomenclature xxxv
Basic Concepts of Thermodynamics
1(46)
Thermodynamics and Energy
2(1)
A Note on Dimensions and Units
3(5)
Closed and Open Systems
8(1)
Forms of Energy
9(6)
Properties of a System
15(1)
State and Equilibrium
16(1)
Processes and Cycles
17(1)
The State Postulate
18(1)
Pressure
19(4)
Temperature and the Zeroth Law of Thermodynamics
23(4)
Thermodynamic Aspects of Biological Systems
27(7)
Summary
34(13)
References and Suggested Reading
36(1)
Problems
36(11)
Properties of Pure Substances
47(56)
Pure Substance
48(1)
Phases of a Pure Substance
48(1)
Phase-Change Processes of Pure Substances
49(6)
Property Diagrams for Phase-Change Processes
55(7)
Vapor Pressure and Phase Equilibrium
62(4)
Property Tables
66(11)
The Ideal-Gas Equation of State
77(2)
Compressibility Factor---A Measure of Deviation from Ideal-Gas Behavior
79(5)
Other Equations of State
84(4)
Summary
88(15)
References and Suggested Reading
90(1)
Problems
90(13)
The First Law of Thermodynamics: Closed Systems
103(90)
Introduction
104(1)
Heat Transfer
104(7)
Work
111(4)
Mechanical Forms of Work
115(12)
The First Law of Thermodynamics
127(6)
A Systematic Approach to Problem Solving
133(7)
Specific Heats
140(2)
Internal Energy, Enthalpy, and Specific Heats of Ideal Gases
142(9)
Internal Energy, Enthalpy, and Specific Heats of Solids and Liquids
151(4)
Refrigeration and Freezing of Foods
155(11)
Summary
166(27)
References and Suggested Reading
168(1)
Problems
168(25)
The First Law of Thermodynamics: Control Volumes
193(58)
Thermodynamic Analysis of Control Volumes
194(6)
The Steady-Flow Process
200(4)
Some Steady-Flow Engineering Devices
204(16)
Unsteady-Flow Processes
220(8)
Summary
228(23)
References and Suggested Reading
230(1)
Problems
230(21)
The Second Law of Thermodynamics
251(68)
Introduction to the Second Law of Thermodynamics
252(1)
Thermal Energy Reservoirs
253(1)
Heat Engines
254(6)
Energy Conversion Efficiencies
260(5)
Refrigerators and Heat Pumps
265(6)
Perpetual-Motion Machines
271(2)
Reversible and Irreversible Processes
273(5)
The Carnot Cycle
278(3)
The Carnot Principles
281(1)
The Thermodynamic Temperature Scale
282(2)
The Carnot Heat Engine
284(4)
The Carnot Refrigerator and Heat Pump
288(3)
Household Refrigerators
291(4)
Summary
295(24)
References and Suggested Reading
297(1)
Problems
297(22)
Entropy: A Measure of Disorder
319(100)
Entropy
320(4)
The Increase of Entropy Principle
324(3)
Entropy Change of Pure Substances
327(4)
Isentropic Processes
331(2)
What Is Entropy?
333(4)
Property Diagrams Involving Entropy
337(2)
The T ds Relations
339(2)
Entropy Change of Liquids and Solids
341(3)
The Entropy Change of Ideal Gases
344(8)
Reversible Steady-Flow Work
352(4)
Minimizing the Compressor Work
356(4)
Reducing the Cost of Compressed Air
360(10)
Isentropic Efficiencies of Steady-Flow Devices
370(8)
Entropy Balance
378(14)
Summary
392(27)
References and Suggested Reading
395(1)
Problems
396(23)
Exergy: A Measure of Work Potential
419(68)
Exergy: Work Potential of Energy
420(3)
Reversible Work and Irreversibility
423(4)
Second-Law Efficiency ηII
427(3)
Exergy Associated with ke, pe, u, pv, and h
430(4)
Exergy Change of a System
434(4)
Exergy Transfer by Heat, Work, and Mass
438(3)
The Decrease of Exergy Principle and Exergy Destruction
441(1)
Exergy Balance: Closed Systems
442(13)
Exergy Balance: Control Volumes
455(8)
Second-Law Aspects of Daily Life
463(4)
Summary
467(20)
References and Suggested Reading
469(1)
Problems
470(17)
Gas Power Cycles
487(68)
Basic Considerations in the Analysis of Power Cycles
488(2)
The Carnot Cycle and Its Value in Engineering
490(2)
Air-Standard Assumptions
492(1)
An Overview of Reciprocating Engines
493(1)
Otto Cycle: The Ideal Cycle for Spark-Ignition Engines
494(6)
Diesel Cycle: The Ideal Cycle for Compression-Ignition Engines
500(4)
Stirling and Ericsson Cycles
504(4)
Brayton Cycle: The Ideal Cycle for Gas-Turbine Engines
508(8)
The Brayton Cycle with Regeneration
516(3)
The Brayton Cycle with Intercooling, Reheating, and Regeneration
519(4)
Ideal Jet-Propulsion Cycles
523(7)
Second Law Analysis of Gas Power Cycles
530(3)
Summary
533(22)
References and Suggested Reading
535(1)
Problems
536(19)
Vapor and Combined Power Cycles
555(60)
The Carnot Vapor Cycle
556(1)
Ranking Cycle: The Ideal Cycle for Vapor Power Cycles
557(4)
Deviation of Actual Vapor Power Cycles from Idealized Ones
561(3)
How Can We Increase the Efficiency of the Ranking Cycle?
564(4)
The Ideal Reheat Rankine Cycle
568(3)
The Ideal Regenerative Ranking Cycle
571(9)
Second-Law Analysis of Vapor Power Cycles
580(2)
Cogeneration
582(5)
Binary Vapor Cycles
587(2)
Combined Gas---Vapor Power Cycles
589(3)
Summary
592(23)
References and Suggested Reading
594(1)
Problems
595(20)
Refrigeration Cycles
615(48)
Refrigerators and Heat Pumps
616(1)
The Reversed Cannot Cycle
617(2)
The Ideal Vapor-Compression Refrigeration Cycle
619(4)
Actual Vapor-Compression Refrigeration Cycles
623(2)
Selecting the Right Refrigerant
625(2)
Heat Pump Systems
627(1)
Innovative Vapor-Compression Refrigeration Systems
628(9)
Gas Refrigeration Cycles
637(3)
Absorption Refrigeration Systems
640(4)
Thermoelectric Power Generation and Refrigeration Systems
644(2)
Summary
646(17)
References and Suggested Reading
647(1)
Problems
648(15)
Thermodynamic Property Relations
663(34)
A Little-Math---Partial Derivatives and Associated Relations
664(5)
The Maxwell Relations
669(1)
The Clapeyron Equation
670(3)
General Relations for du, dh, ds, Cv, and Cp
673(7)
The Joule-Thompson Coefficient
680(2)
The Δh, Δu, and Δs of Real Gases
682(5)
Summary
687(10)
References and Suggested Reading
689(1)
Problems
689(8)
Gas Mixtures
697(26)
The Composition of a Gas Mixture: Mass and Mole Fractions
698(2)
P-v-T Behavior of Gas Mixtures: Ideal and Real Gases
700(5)
Properties of Gas Mixtures: Ideal and Real Gases
705(8)
Summary
713(10)
References and Suggested Reading
715(1)
Problems
715(8)
Gas-Vapor Mixtures and Air-Conditioning
723(40)
Dry and Atmospheric Air
724(1)
Specific and Relative Humidity of Air
725(2)
Dew-Point Temperature
727
Adiabatic Saturation and Wet-Bulb Temperatures
729+(732)
The Psychrometric Chart
732(1)
Human Comfort and Air-Conditioning
733(2)
Air-Conditioning Processes
735(13)
Summary
748(15)
References and Suggested Reading
750
Problems
721(42)
Chemical Reactions
763(46)
Fuels and Combustion
764(3)
Theoretical and Actual Combustion Processes
767(5)
Enthalpy of Formation and Enthalpy of Combustion
772(4)
First-Law Analysis of Reacting Systems
776(5)
Adiabatic Flame Temperature
781(3)
Entropy Change of Reacting Systems
784(2)
Second-Law Analysis of Reacting Systems
786(6)
Summary
792(17)
References and Suggested Reading
795(1)
Problems
795(14)
Chemical and Phase Equilibrium
809(34)
Criterion for Chemical Equilibrium
810(2)
The Equilibrium Constant for Ideal-Gas Mixtures
812(3)
Some Remarks About the Kp of Ideal-Gas Mixtures
815(5)
Chemical Equilibrium for Simultaneous Reactions
820(2)
Variation of Kp with Temperature
822(1)
Phase Equilibrium
823(1)
Summary
823(20)
References and Suggested Reading
834(1)
Problems
834(9)
Thermodynamics of High-Speed Gas Flow
843(54)
Stagnation Properties
844(4)
Velocity of Sound and Mach Number
848(4)
One-Dimensional Isentropic Flow
852(7)
Isentropic Flow through Nozzles
859(8)
Normal Shocks in Nozzle Flow
867(6)
Flow through Actual Nozzle and Diffusers
873(6)
Steam Nozzles
879(3)
Summary
882(15)
References and Suggested Reading
886(1)
Problems
886(11)
APPENDIX 1 PROPERTY TABLES AND CHARTS (SI UNITS) 897(50)
Table A-1 Molar Mass, Gas Constant, and Critical-Point Properties
898(1)
Table A-2 Ideal-Gas Specific Heats of Various Common Gases
899(3)
Table A-3 Properties of Common Liquids, Solids, and Foods
902(2)
Table A-4 Saturated Water---Temperature Table
904(2)
Table A-5 Saturated Water---Pressure Table
906(2)
Table A-6 Superheated Water
908(4)
Table A-7 Compressed Liquid Water
912(1)
Table A-8 Saturated Ice---Water Vapor
913(1)
Figure A-9 T-s Diagram for Water
914(1)
Figure A-10 Mollier Diagram for Water
915(1)
Table A-11 Saturated Refrigerant-134a---Temperature Table
916(1)
Table A-12 Saturated Refrigerant-134a---Pressure Table
917(1)
Table A-13 Superheated Refrigerant-134a
918(2)
Table A-14 P-h Diagram for Refrigerant-134a
920(1)
Table A-15 One-Dimensional Isentropic Compressible-Flow Functions for an Ideal Gas with Constant Specific Heats and Molar Mass, and k = 1.4
921(1)
Table A-16 One-Dimensional Normal-Shock Functions for an Ideal Gas with Constant Specific Heats and Molar Mass, and k = 1.4
922(1)
Table A-17 Ideal-Gas Properties of Air
923(2)
Table A-18 Ideal-Gas Properties of Nitrogen, N2
925(2)
Table A-19 Ideal-Gas Properties of Oxygen, O2
927(2)
Table A-20 Ideal-Gas Properties of Carbon Dioxide, CO2
929(2)
Table A-21 Ideal-Gas Properties of Carbon Monoxide, CO
931(2)
Table A-22 Ideal-Gas Properties of Hydrogen, H2
933(1)
Table A-23 Ideal-Gas Properties of Water Vapor, H2O
934(2)
Table A-24 Ideal-Gas Properties of Monatomic Oxygen, O
936(1)
Table A-25 Ideal-Gas Properties of Hydroxyl, OH
936(1)
Table A-26 Enthalpy of Formation, Gibbs Function of Formation, and Absolute Entropy at 25°C, 1 atm
937(1)
Table A-27 Enthalpy of Combustion and Enthalpy of Vaporization at 25°C, 1 atm
938(1)
Table A-28 Logarithms to the Base e of the Equilibrium Constant Kp
939(1)
Table A-29 Constants that Appear in the Beattie-Bridgeman and the Benedict-Webb-Rubin Equations of State
940(1)
Figure A-30 Nelson-Obert Generalized Compressibility Charts
941(3)
Figure A-31 Generalized Enthalpy Departure Chart
944(2)
Figure A-32 Generalized Enthalpy Departure Chart
946(1)
Figure A-33 Psychrometric Chart at 1 atm Total Pressure
946(1)
APPENDIX 2 PROPERTY TABLES AND CHARTS (ENGLISH UNITS) 947(40)
Table A-1E Molar Mass, Gas Constant, and Critical-Point Properties
948(1)
Table A-2E Ideal-Gas Specific Heats, of Various Common Gases
949(3)
Table A-3E Properties of Common Liquids, Solids, and Foods
952(2)
Table A-4E Saturated Water---Temperature Table
954(1)
Table A-5E Saturated Water---Pressure Table
955(2)
Table A-6E Superheated Water
957(4)
Table A-7E Compressed Liquid Water
961(1)
Table A-8E Saturated Ice---Water Vapor
962(1)
Table A-9E T-s Diagram for Water
963(1)
Table A-10E Mollier Diagram for Water
964(1)
Table A-11E Saturated Refrigerant-134A---Temperature Table
965(1)
Table A-12E Saturated Refrigerant 134a---Pressure Table
966(1)
Table A-13E Superheated Refrigerant-134A
967(2)
Figure A-14E P-h Diagram for Refrigerant-134a
969(1)
Table A-17E Ideal-Gas Properties of Air
970(2)
Table A-18E Ideal-Gas Properties of Nitrogen, N2
972(1)
Table A-19E Ideal-Gas Properties of Oxygen, O2
972(4)
Table A-20E Ideal-Gas Properties of Carbon Dioxide, CO2
976(2)
Table A-21E Ideal-Gas Properties of Carbon Monoxide, CO
978(2)
Table A-22E Ideal-Gas Properties of Hydrogen, H2
980(1)
Table A-23E Ideal-Gas Properties of Water Vapor, H2O
981(2)
Table A-26E Enthalpy of Formation, Gibbs Function of Formation, and Absolute Entropy at 77F, 1 atm
983(1)
Table A-27E Enthalpy of Combustion and Enthalpy of Vaporization at 77F, 1 atm
984(1)
Table A-29E Constants that Appear in the Beattie-Bridgeman and the Benedict---Webb-Rubin Equations of State
985(1)
Table A-33E Psychrometric Chart at 1 atm Total Pressure
986(1)
APPENDIX 3 ABOUT THE SOFTWARE: INTRODUCTION TO EES 987(14)
Overview
987(1)
Background Information
987(4)
A Thermodynamics Example Problem
991(7)
Loading a Textbook File
998(3)
Index 1001

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