Thermoelectric Materials 2001: Volume 691: Research and Applications

Overview

This book provides a benchmark for the current state in the field of thermoelectric materials research and development. Highlights of the volume include results on superlattices that show a ZT = 2.4 at room temperature in p-type Bi2Te3/Sb2Te3 superlattice thermoelectrics. In addition, preliminary results on p-n couple devices from these superlattices indicate fast-acting spot cooling in addition to improved performance. Thermoelectric materials are utilized in a wide variety of applications related to solid-state...

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Overview

This book provides a benchmark for the current state in the field of thermoelectric materials research and development. Highlights of the volume include results on superlattices that show a ZT = 2.4 at room temperature in p-type Bi2Te3/Sb2Te3 superlattice thermoelectrics. In addition, preliminary results on p-n couple devices from these superlattices indicate fast-acting spot cooling in addition to improved performance. Thermoelectric materials are utilized in a wide variety of applications related to solid-state refrigeration or small-scale power generation. The book focuses on traditional thermoelectric materials new materials as well as developments in device engineering. Many papers presented here revolve around either maximizing the numerator of Z, called the power factor, or by minimizing l. Topics include: guidance to advanced thermoelectric research; skutterudites; new materials, approaches and measurements; clathrates; chalcogenides; devices; thermoelectric materials and devices - research and development; nanowires and oxides.

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Editorial Reviews

From The Critics
This proceedings volume from the November 2001 conference in Boston contains 63 papers on TE research, skutterudites, new materials and approaches, clathrates, chalcogenides, devices, research and development, nanowires, and oxides. An abstract accompanies each paper, and graphs, diagrams, and other images (all black and white) support the text. Contributors include scientists and graduate students from around the globe. Annotation c. Book News, Inc., Portland, OR (booknews.com)
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Product Details

  • ISBN-13: 9781558996274
  • Publisher: Cambridge University Press
  • Publication date: 1/1/2002
  • Series: MRS Proceedings Series
  • Pages: 467
  • Product dimensions: 6.30 (w) x 9.30 (h) x 1.20 (d)

Table of Contents

Preface
Materials Research Society Symposium Proceedings
Overview of Various Strategies and Promising New Bulk Materials for Potential Thermoelectric Applications 3
Theoretical Considerations for Finding New Thermoelectric Materials 15
Thermodynamic Calculations in New Thermoelectric Materials: Applications to Processes 23
Thermoelectric Properties of Eu-doped CoSb[subscript 3] 31
High Pressure Synthesis of New Filled Skutterudites 37
Electronic Structure and Thermoelectric Properties of Ytterbium-Filled Skutterudites 49
Synthesis and Thermoelectric Properties of CoP[subscript 3] 55
Novel Thermal Transport in Stable Binary Cd[subscript 5.7] Yb Quasicrystals 65
Cross-Plane Thermoelectric Properties in Si/Ge Superlattices 71
Doping and Alloying Trends In New Thermoelectric Materials 77
Commercial Apparatus for Measuring Thermal Transport Properties From 1.9 to 390 Kelvin 85
Pressure Effect of Seebeck Coefficient for Zinc Doped Tin Clathrates 93
Search for New Thermoelectric Materials Through Exploratory Solid State Chemistry: The Quaternary Phases A[subscript 1-x]M[subscript 3-2x]Bi[subscript 7+x]Se[subscript 14], A[subscript 1-x]M[subscript 3-x]Bi[subscript 11+x]Se[subscript 20], A[subscript 1-x]M[subscript 4-x]Bi[subscript 11+x]Se[subscript 21] and A[subscript 1-x]M[subscript 5-x]Bi[subscript 11+x]Se[subscript 22] (A = K, Rb, Cs, M = Sn, Pb) and the Homologous Series A[subscript m][M[subscript 6]Se[subscript 8]][subscript m][M[subscript 5+a]Se[subscript 9+n]] 101
Electrical Transport Properties of Rare Earth Doped Pentatellurides 113
Thermoelectric Module for Low Temperature Applications 121
Conservation of Lateral Momentum in Heterostructure Integrated Thermionic Coolers 131
High Cooling Power Density of SiGe/Si Superlattice Microcoolers 147
Reductions in the Lattice Thermal Conductivity of Ball-Milled and Shock Compacted TiNiSn[subscript 1-x]Sb[subscript x] Half-Heusler Alloys 155
When Does a Crystal Conduct Heat Like a Glass? 161
Thermal and Electrical Properties of Czochralski Grown GeSi Single Crystals 169
Thermoelectric Structural Composites and Thermocouples Using Them 177
Microstructure and Electrical Properties of PbTe Based Films Prepared by Pulsed Laser Deposition 183
Microstructure and Thermoelectric Properties of p-Type Bi[subscript 0.5]Sb[subscript 1.5]Te[subscript 3] and n-Type Bi[subscript 2]Te[subscript 2.7]Se[subscript 0.3] Films Deposited by Pulsed Laser Ablation 189
Discrete State Simulation of Electrical Conductivity and the Peltier Effect for Arbitrary Band Structures 195
Defect Formation in Boron Carbide - An Ab Initio Electronic Structure Study 201
Synthesis of Boron-Rich Metal Borides and Their Thermoelectric Properties 209
The Fabrication and Thermoelectric Properties of Amorphous Si-Ge-Au Bulk Samples 215
High-Temperature Electrical Transport Properties of Eu and Yb-Doped Skutterudites 221
Annealing Studies of Re Doped AlPdMn Quasicrystals 227
Investigation of i-AlCuFe Quasicrystals and Their [omega] and [beta] Approximants as Thermoelectric Materials 233
Microstructural Evolution of La-Doped SiB[subscript 6] High-Temperature Thermoelectric Material During a Spark Plasma Sintering 239
Thermoelectric Properties of PbSe Epitaxial Thin Films and PbSe-EuS Heterostructures 245
Temperature and Thickness Dependences of Thermoelectric Properties of PbS/EuS Bilayers 251
Thermoelectric Nanowires by Electrochemical Deposition 257
Thermoelectric Properties of Bi-Sb-Te-X Compounds Prepared by MA-PDS Method 263
Structure and Thermoelectric Properties of New Layered Compounds in the Quaternary System Cs-Pb-Bi-Te 269
The Hall Carrier Mobility of AgBiTe[subscript 2]-Ag[subscript 2]Te Composite 275
Geometric Effects on the Transient Cooling of Thermoelectric Coolers 281
Classical Size Effect on In-Plane Thermoelectric Transport at Low Dimension 287
Growth of PbTe Films by Magnetron Sputtering 295
Experimental Thermopower of Quantum Wires 301
Sb[subscript 3]Zn[subscript 4], A Promising New Thermoelectric Material: Elaboration and Characterization 307
Formation, Crystal Structure and Physical Properties of Novel Thermoelectric Skutterudites: Eu[subscript y]Fe[subscript 4-x]Ni[subscript x]Sb[subscript 12] 313
Enhancement of Thermal to Electrical Energy Conversion With Thermal Diodes 319
The Performance of a Segmented Thermoelectric Convertor Using Yb-Based Filled Skutterudites and Bi[subscript 2]Te[subscript 3]-Based Materials 327
Electronic Structure and Thermoelectric Property of Skutterudite CoSb[subscript 3] 339
Thermoelectric Potential of Bi and Bi[subscript 1-x]Sb[subscript x] Nanowire Arrays 347
Synthesis and Properties of Lead Selenide Nanocrystal Solids 359
Pattern Shape-Controlled Self-Assembly of Bi[subscript 0.90]Si[subscript 0.10] Nanocrystallites 365
Thermoelectric Transport Properties of Individual Bismuth Nanowires 371
Thermoelectric Properties of Bi[subscript 1-x]Sb[subscript x] Nanowire Arrays 377
Thin Film Dispenser Cathodes for Thermionic Micro-Devices 385
Effects of Cation Substitution on the Thermoelectric Properties in Ca-Co-O 393
Thermoelectric Properties of Cd[subscript 3-x]A[subscript x]TeO[subscript 6] (A=In[superscript 3+], La[superscript 3+] and Bi[superscript 3+]) Ceramics 399
Large Thermopower in Metallic Misfit Cobalt Oxides: Improvement by Cationic Substitutions 405
Electronic Structure of K[subscript 2]Bi[subscript 8]Se[subscript 13] 413
Thermoelectric Properties of K[subscript 2]Bi[subscript 8-x]Sb[subscript x]Se[subscript 13] Solid Solutions and Se Doping 419
Thermomechanical Characterization of Bismuth Telluride Based Thermoelectric Materials 425
Initial Assessment of the Thermoelectric Properties for the Mixed System K[subscript 2-x]Rb[subscript x]Bi[subscript 8]Se[subscript 13] 431
[superscript 133]Cs and [superscript 23]Na NMR Studies of Cs[subscript 8]Na[subscript x]Ge[subscript 136] Clathrates 439
Nuclear Density Analysis in Solids: The Case of Ba[subscript 8]Ca[subscript 16]Si[subscript 30] 445
Multinuclear NMR and Powder X-ray Diffraction Studies of Si and Sn Clathrates of Alkali Metals: Vacancies, Disorder and Knight Shifts 451
Molecular-Dynamics Studies on Solid Phase Epitaxy of Guest-Free Silicon Clathrates 457
Author Index 463
Subject Index 467
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