THINK Sociology / Edition 2

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With an engaging visual design, 15 page chapters, and readings from popular trade titles, THINK Sociology is the introductory Sociology text your students will read.

THINK Sociology is informed with the latest research and the most contemporary examples, allowing you to bring current events directly into your classroom with little additional work.

An engaging visual design developed with the benefit of extensive student feedback will appeal to your students and deliver the core concepts of Sociology in a way that they can actually understand.

The groundbreaking instructor supplements package will help you bring the core concepts of Sociology to life, without burdening your students with heavy, too dense and too expensive learning solutions.

Thinkspot, the text’s open access website, provides students with a large resource of tools to help them achieve a better grade.

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Editorial Reviews

From the Publisher

Thank you to the following reviewers:

Rick Herbert South Plains College

Patricia O'Brien Elgin Community College

Pamperin Bruce University of Wisconsin-Stout

Tara Shaw University of Oklahoma

Elizabeth Jenner Gustavus Adolphus College

Mark Miller East Texas Baptist University

Sheli Bernstein-Goff West Liberty University

Amanda White St. Louis Community College at Meramec

Donna Sullivan Marshall University

Shannon Carter University of Central Florida

Tammy Jolley University of Arkansas Community College at BAtesville

Soheyl Amini Salve Regina University

Shirley Keeton American University of Afghanistan

Erica Hunter University at Albany

Kwaku Obosu-Mensah Lorain County Community College

paul rhoads Williams Baptist College

Catherine Duncan Pueblo Community College

Mona Scott Mesa Community College

Lois Easterday Onondaga Community College

Marta Henriksen Central New Mexico Community College

Claudette Jackson McLennan Community College

Amanda Miller University of Central Oklahoma

Mitchell Mackinem Claflin University

Connie Zirkle Marshall University

Olga Rowe Oregon State University

Michael O'Connor Hawkeye Community College

Norma Lythcott Chattahoochee Technical College

Sarah Allred Berry Collge
Elizabeth Mansley Delaware State University

Richard Miller Missouri Southern State University

Sue Greer-Pitt Southeast Kentucky Community and Technical College

Leslie Elrod University of Cincinnati Raymond Walters College

Stuart Shafer Johnson County Community College

Laura Scott Pierce College

Maria Flynn Ocean County College

Dana Mayhew Bristol Community College

Lorna Zukas National University

Xiaoshuo Hou University of Massachusetts Amherst

Kyra Greene San Diego State University

Rose De Luca Emmanuel College

Brooke Strahn-Koller Kirkwood Community College

Harry Mersmann San Joaquin Delta College

Kayleen Oka Seattle Central Community College

Bobbie Brannon Catawba Valley Community College

Rebecca Plante Ithaca College

Rondell Merrill Oakton Community College

Nancy Reeves Gloucester County College

Gail Stewart Pierce College Puyallup

Judith Rozarie Gibbs College

Maxine Elmont MassBay Community College

Alan Young Southern Nazarene University

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Product Details

  • ISBN-13: 9780205777181
  • Publisher: Pearson
  • Publication date: 10/6/2010
  • Series: THINK Series
  • Edition description: New Edition
  • Edition number: 2
  • Pages: 360
  • Sales rank: 115,162
  • Product dimensions: 8.90 (w) x 10.70 (h) x 0.60 (d)

Meet the Author

John Carl's interest in sociology grew from his interests and job experiences after college, which included working in hospitals, schools, churches and prisons. John reflects, “In these many diverse encounters I continued to notice how often the structures of society often did not support the change so desperately sought after by the individual. I began to reflect on my sociology courses from my undergraduate work and decided to return to graduate school to study sociology.”

Returning to graduate school at the University of Oklahoma, he became passionate about the study of Criminology and Stratification completing his Ph.D. while teaching full time at Rose State College. John says, “I found that every part of my life to this point, fit perfectly with the study of sociology. It is a diverse and exciting field that helps a person understand their world.”

Today, teaching remains his primary focus. John Carl has excelled in the classroom, winning awards for his teaching and working to build and improve the sociology program at Rose State. “I teach the introductory class every semester because I believe it is the most important course in any department. It is where students get the foundation they need for their continued study of sociology. In these classes, my goal is simple. To teach students to think sociologically so that they can consider any new event in the light of that thought.”

When asked why he wrote Think Sociology, the answer was simple: “This book is truly a labor of love for me. I wanted to write a book that is filled with examples used in the classroom and written in a language that students can understand without compromising the core concepts of sociology."

John lives in Oklahoma with his family, wife Keven, and daughters Sara and Caroline. In his free time, John plays golf, gardens, throws pottery, and plays his guitar. He continues to move from the classroom to community by being active in non-profit leadership in his home community and providing training to non-profit boards so they may better achieve their goals. John suggests, “It is all part of sociology, not only to understand the world in which we live, but to take that understanding from the classroom and use it to improve the community.”

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Table of Contents





Chapter 1. Sociology: An Introduction to the Foundations of Sociology
Chapter 2. Sociological Research: How Do We Learn about Society?
Chapter 3. Culture: A Framework for the Individual
Chapter 4. Social Structure and Interaction: Micro and Macro Orientations
Chapter 5. Socialization: The Process of Fitting into Society
Chapter 6. Groups and Societies: Understanding our Environment
Chapter 7. Social Class in the United States: Stratification in a Modern Society

Chapter 8. Global Stratification: Wealth and Poverty in the World
Chapter 9. Population and Environmental Impact: How Do Societies Deal with Growing Numbers?
Chapter 10. Race and Ethnic Stratification: Is it a Question of Color?
Chapter 11. Gender Stratification: The Social Side of Sex
Chapter 12. Aging and Health: The Graying of Society
Chapter 13. Crime and the Legal System: How Do Societies Respond to Crime and Deviance?

Chapter 14. Marriage and Family: How Do Societies Perpetuate Themselves?
Chapter 15. Education and Religion: How Do Societies Pass on Information?
Chapter 16. Economy and Politics: How Do Societies Support and Govern Themselves?
Chapter 17. Social Movements, Collective Behavior, and Social Change: How Do Societies Change?


(Each chapter has 3 sections: Get the Topic, Think Sociologically, and Discover Sociology in Action)

Chapter 1: Sociology: An Introduction to the Foundations of Sociology

Sociology Defined

Developing a Sociological Imagination

Emile Durkheim's Theory on Suicide

The Functionalist's Worldview

Functionalism in the United States

The Conflict Theorist's Worldview

The Symbolic Interactionist's Worldview

The Three Paradigms: How are They Interrelated?

Getting Involved in Sociology-- Community Learning

Chapter 2: Sociological Research: How Do We Learn About Society?



Cause and Correlation

Scientific Method: What Are the Six Stephs of Social Research?

Quantitative and Qualitative Methods


Research Methods and the Three Paradigms

Social Policy and Statistics

Community Learning-- Needs Assessments

Chapter 3: Culture: A Framework for the Individual

Material Culture

Nonmaterial Culture

Additional Values

Norms and Sanctions

The Study of Culture

Symbolic Interactionism-- A Crisis of Values

Functionalism-- Communitarianism

Conflict Theory-- The McDonaldization of the United States

Social Policy: Multiculturalism and Assimilation

Chapter 4: Social Structure and Interaction: Micro and Macro Orientations

Macrosociology and Microsociology

Micro Orientations: Social Interactions

An Example of Symbolic Interactionism: The Thomas Theorem and the Social Creation of Reality

An Example of Functionalism: Study Essential Features of Functional Social Structures

An Example of Conflict Theory: Deliberate Efforts to Weaken the Structure and Culture of Native Americans

Social Policy -- The Perry Preschool Project

Chapter 5: Socialization: The Process of Fitting into Society

The Nature vs. Nurture Debate -- What Makes Us Who We Are?

Theorists on Socialization

Agents of Socialization

Can We Be "Resocialized"? Experiencing the Total Institution

Symbolic Interactionism and Resocialization


Conflict Theory -- What Forces Socialize Us?

Applying Sociological Thinking in the World, Social Policy, and Title IX

Chapter 6: Groups and Societies: Understanding Our Environment

Formal Organizations

Functionalism and Leadership

Conflict Theory -- Marx, Bureaucracy, and Democratic Organizations

Symbolic Interactionism -- Creating a Just and Democratic Workplace

Adult Civic Engagement and Childhood Activities

Leading Groups

Chapter 7: Social Class in the United States: Stratification in a Modern Society

How Does the United States Define Poverty?

Social Mobility


Conflict Theory

Symbolic Interactionism

Social Policy: Welfare for the Poor

Social Policy: Minimum Wage

Chapter 8: Global Stratification: Wealth and Poverty in the World

Global Stratification

Social Systems

Global Stratification: No Longer a Third World


Conflict Theory

Symbolic Interactionism

Social Policy: Foreign Aid

Chapter 9: Population and Environmental Impact: How Do Societies Deal with Growing Numbers?

Population by the Numbers

Malthusian Theory

Demographic Transition Theory

Issues Associated with Population Growth

Human Exemptionism

Environmental Sociology

Population Control Programs

Chapter 10: Race and Ethnic Stratification: Is It a Question of Color?

Census Definitions

Racial Stratification in the United States

Symbolic Interactionism: Color-Blind Racism

Affirmative Action

Chapter 11: Gender Stratification: The Social Side of Sex

Gender vs. Sex

Patriarchy and Sexism

Gender Roles

Gender and Inequality


Feminist Theory


Conflict Theory

Symbolic Interactionism

Chapter 12: Aging and Health: The Graying of Society

Health Defined

Health in the United States: Living off the Fat of the Land

Health Care

Aging: The Graying of the United States

Functionism -- Disengaging from Society

Symbolic Interactionism -- Living an Active Lifestyle

Conflict Theory -- Aging and Inequality

Social Security and Medicare

Chapter 13: Crime and the Legal System: How Do Societies Respond to Crime and Deviance?

Deviance vs. Crime

Historical Roots of Deviance and Crime Theories

Functional Explanations of Crime and Deviance

Social Interaction Theories

Symbolic Interaction Theories

Symbolic Interactionist Theory

Social Conflict Theory

General Theories of Crime Causation

Crime Control: The Criminal Justice System

Chapter 14: Marriage and Family: How Do Societies Perpetuate Themselves?

Marriage and Family

Symbolic Interactionism

Conflict Theory


Gay Marriage vs. Civil Unions vs. Nothing

Chapter 15: Education and Religion: How Do Societies Pass on Information?

Education in Society


Symbolic Interactionism


Conflict Theory

Improving Education with School Vouchers

Chapter 16: Economy and Politics: How Do Societies Support and Govern Themselves?

Economic Systems

Global Economy

Political Systems

Types of Government

Politics in the United States

The Nature of Power

Lack of ASsistance for Veterans

Chapter 17: Social Movements, Collective Behavior, and Social Change: How Do Societies Change?

Shifts in Society

Shifts in Society

Resistance to Change

Conflict Theory


Symbolic Interactionism


About the Author



Photo Credits


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