Thinking about Property: From Antiquity to the Age of Revolution

Thinking about Property: From Antiquity to the Age of Revolution

by Peter Garnsey
     
 

ISBN-10: 052187677X

ISBN-13: 9780521876773

Pub. Date: 12/31/2007

Publisher: Cambridge University Press

In this book Professor Garnsey explores ancient 'foundational' texts relating to property and their reception by later thinkers in their various contexts up to the early nineteenth century. The texts include Plato's vision of an ideal polity in the Republic, Jesus' teachings on renunciation and poverty, and Golden Age narratives and other evolutionary accounts of the…  See more details below

Overview

In this book Professor Garnsey explores ancient 'foundational' texts relating to property and their reception by later thinkers in their various contexts up to the early nineteenth century. The texts include Plato's vision of an ideal polity in the Republic, Jesus' teachings on renunciation and poverty, and Golden Age narratives and other evolutionary accounts of the transition of mankind from primeval communality to regimes of ownership. The issue of the legitimacy of private ownership exercises the minds of the major political thinkers as well as theologians and jurists throughout the ages. Among those whose ideas are woven into the discussion are Plato, Aristotle, Cicero, Jesus, Augustine, Thomas Aquinas, Bartolus, William of Ockham, Plethon of Mistra, Grotius, Pufendorf, Locke, Hume, Rousseau, Kant, Hegel and Proudhon. The book gives full consideration to the historical development of Rights Theory, with special reference to the right to property. It challenges the dominant historical paradigm that the ancient world made little or no contribution to Rights Theory. The book ends with a comparative study of the Declarations of Rights in the American and French Revolutions and seeks to explain, with reference to contemporary documents, why the French recognized an inalienable, human right to property whereas the Americans did not.

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Product Details

ISBN-13:
9780521876773
Publisher:
Cambridge University Press
Publication date:
12/31/2007
Series:
Ideas in Context Series, #90
Pages:
286
Product dimensions:
5.98(w) x 8.98(h) x 0.87(d)

Table of Contents

Abbreviations     viii
Preface     ix
Introduction     1
Plato's 'communism', Aristotle's critique and Proclus' response     6
Plato's 'communism': from late antiquity via Islamic Spain to the Renaissance     31
Renunciation and communality: thinking through the primitive Church     59
The poverty of Christ: crises of asceticism from the Pelagians to the Franciscans     84
The state of nature and the origin of private property: Hesiod to William of Ockham     107
The state of nature and the origin of private property: Grotius to Hegel     136
Property as a legal right     177
Property as a human right     204
Conclusion     233
Bibliography     238
Index     262

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