Thinking Animals: Animals and the Development of Human Intelligence

Overview

In a world increasingly dominated by human beings, the survival of other species becomes more and more questionable. In this brilliant book, Paul Shepard offers a provocative alternative to an "us or them" mentality, proposing that other species are integral to humanity's evolution and exist at the core of our imagination. This trait, he argues, compels us to think of animals in order to be human. Without other living species by which to measure ourselves, Shepard warns, we would be less mature, care less for and...

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1978 Hardcover Very Good in Very Good jacket Book Front inner hinge over opened. Pen mark to lower edge. Jacket is bright.

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Overview

In a world increasingly dominated by human beings, the survival of other species becomes more and more questionable. In this brilliant book, Paul Shepard offers a provocative alternative to an "us or them" mentality, proposing that other species are integral to humanity's evolution and exist at the core of our imagination. This trait, he argues, compels us to think of animals in order to be human. Without other living species by which to measure ourselves, Shepard warns, we would be less mature, care less for and be more careless of all life, including our own kind.

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Editorial Reviews

Library Journal
Published in 1982, 1973, and 1978, respectively, Shepard's titles employ animals in order to further the study of humans. His theories incorporate elements from nature as well as from mythology, literature, sociology, and numerous other concentrations.
Booknews
First published in 1978 by University of Georgia Press, this work foreshadows the author's 1996 work, . Its central thesis is that animals profoundly shape human intelligence, and by increasingly isolating ourselves from them, we jeopardize the processes of cognitive and psychological development that are essential to human flourishing. Shepard is widely regarded as an elder of the environmental movement, whose radical and visionary ideas shaped much of our current thinking about human nature. Annotation c. by Book News, Inc., Portland, Or.
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Product Details

  • ISBN-13: 9780670700615
  • Publisher: Penguin Group (USA) Incorporated
  • Publication date: 4/14/1978
  • Pages: 274
  • Product dimensions: 20.00 (w) x 20.00 (h) x 20.00 (d)

Meet the Author

Paul Shepard (1925-1996) was Avery Professor of Natural Philosophy and Human Ecology at Pitzer College in Claremont, California. He is the author of twelve books, a number of which are available from the University of Georgia Press.

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Table of Contents

Foreword
1 On Animals Thinking 1
Preparing the Soil for Thought 1
The Post-Archaic World; or How Thinkers Started the Day with Cereals 7
You Think What You Eat 11
What the Arboreal Eye Knows 15
Speech as the Summons to Images 18
The Zoology of the Self 25
Art as the Collective Imagery of Animal Form 30
2 The Mental Menagerie 38
Language and Taxonomy 41
The Vocal Obligations of Infancy 46
Concealed Creatures 56
Animal Protagonists 60
The Intellectual Abuse of Animals 64
Organs as Creatures 67
The Dialogue of Inside-Outside 69
3 Ambiguous Animals 76
The Margins of Our Attention 77
Imaginary Combination Animals 83
Heads and Tails 89
Monsters 98
The Diabolical Ape 103
Monsters and Social Stress 107
The Living Coded Messages 109
4 Imitating Animals: The Cast of Characters 115
The Drama of the Animal 120
Totemic Culture 125
Adornment and Animality 130
The Lele, a Contemporary Totemic Culture 142
The Game of Dividing and Dividing the Game 144
5 Pretending That Animals are People: The Character of Caste 148
Examples from the Thais, Nuer, and Balinese 150
Animals in the Domesticated Society 157
Caricature 166
Animals in Folktales 169
Reynard 172
The Secular Bestiaries 177
Literary Thought and Animals 179
Machines as Animals 187
The Pet as Minimal Animal 192
Alone on a Domesticated Planet 207
6 The Aesop Account 213
The Zoological Groups 226
The Three Faunas 231
7 What Good Are Animals? 239
Ecology 244
Ethics 245
The Inadequacy of Economic, Ecological, and Ethical Arguments 246
A Fourth Argument: Human Growth and Thought 249
For Parents and Teachers 252
Taxonomy and Cognition 253
Mimicry and Selfhood 254
Analogy and Abstraction 256
Animals: Our Link with the Nonhuman Cosmos 258
Notes and References 263
Index 271
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