Thinking Like An Engineer: An Active Learning Approach

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Overview

THINKING LIKE AN ENGINEER: AN ACTIVE LEARNING APPROACH is specifically designed to utilize an active learning environment for first year engineering courses.

• In-class activities include collaborative problem-solving, computer-based activities, and hands-on experiments, encouraging guided inquiry.

• Homework assignments and review sections reinforce and expand on the activities.

• Content can be customized to match the topic organization in your course syllabi.

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Product Details

  • ISBN-13: 9780136064428
  • Publisher: Prentice Hall
  • Publication date: 1/18/2010
  • Series: Alternative eText Formats Series
  • Format: Spiral Bound
  • Edition description: Older Edition
  • Pages: 624
  • Product dimensions: 8.60 (w) x 9.90 (h) x 0.90 (d)

Meet the Author

Elizabeth A. Stephanis the Director of the General Engineering Program at Clemson University. She earned a BS in Chemical Engineering from The University of Akron. During her undergraduate work, she completed a cooperative education experience with Dow Chemical in Midland, MI, conducted research on coal purification methods, and was named the College of Engineering Outstanding Senior. After graduation, she was employed by Boride, a wholly owned subsidiary of Dow Chemical in Traverse City, MI, specializing in high-performance ceramics. She returned to The University of Akron on a College of Engineering Fellowship, earning her PhD in Chemical Engineering focusing on multiphase transport processes. She has taught at The University of Akron and Wayne College, and served in several post-doctoral positions. She joined the faculty at Clemson in January, 2002 in the General Engineering Program, assuming the role of Director in 2007. Beth has served as a national official as a district director in Tau Beta Pi, the engineering honor society, since 1996. She is the chief advisor for the South Carolina Alpha Chapter of Tau Beta Pi, and an advisor for the Clemson chapter of Alpha Omega Epsilon, a professional sorority.

David R. Bowman has been teaching in the General Engineering Program at Clemson University since January, 2006. He earned his degrees from Clemson University, including a BS and MS in Computer Engineering and is currently pursuing a PhD. A member of ASEE, David has experience in the design and development of software tools for engineering education research and pedagogy. During his undergraduate and graduate work, David hosted All Screams Considered, an award winning radio show on WSBF-FM, whose name apes the popular NPR program All Things Considered. In addition to broadcasting, David enjoys performing music on acoustic, electric, and bass guitars.

William J. Park is currently an associate professor in the Engineering and Science Education Department at Clemson University. Following a few years as a cattle farmer, he completed three degrees at Clemson University: a BS in Ornamental Horticulture with a particular emphasis on xerophytic plants, an MS in Electrical Engineering focusing on electronic music synthesis, and a PhD in Electrical Engineering conducting research in electronic counter-counter measures. Bill is currently faculty advisor for a student team renovating a very large 1970’s vintage electronic organ, and is a moderately accomplished pianist.

Benjamin L. Sill is Alumni Professor Emeritus of Civil Engineering, having retired in 2008 after 32 years at Clemson University. He earned a BS and MS from N.C. State University in Aerospace Engineering and a PhD from Virginia Tech in Aerospace and Ocean Engineering. Before he joined Clemson, Ben was employed by the Naval Ordnance Station, Indian Head, MD, and by Duke Power Company, Charlotte, NC. At Clemson, he was a founder of Clemson’s Wind Load Test Facility. Beginning in 1999 he served as the Director of Clemson’s General Engineering Program. In 2007, he helped establish a new Engineering and Science Education Department at Clemson, and served as its chair until his retirement. He is the recipient of numerous teaching and research awards, including the prestigious Clemson Class of 1939 Award. Outside the university, he gives numerous presentations with topics ranging from humorous to educational — including talks on ancient coins, old maps, wildflowers, houseplants, snakes, birds, and hurricanes. Ben has authored three bird books, has published technical articles on snakes, frogs, fish, volleyball, and bromeliads and has created and registered many new bromeliad hybrids.

Matthew W. Ohland is currently an associate professor of Engineering Education at Purdue University, West Lafayette, IN. He earned a BS in Engineering and a BA in Religion from Swarthmore College, MS degrees in both Mechanical Engineering and Materials Engineering from Rensselaer Polytechnic Institute, and a PhD in Civil Engineering from the University of Florida. Matt was an NSF postdoctoral fellow for science, mathematics, engineering, and technology education and joined the faculty of General Engineering at Clemson University in 2001. In 2006, he joined the faculty at Purdue University. He was the 2002-2006 National President of Tau Beta Pi, the engineering honor society. He currently serves as the Chair of the Educational Research and Methods division and an ABET Program Evaluator for the American Society of Engineering Education, on the Administrative Committee of the IEEE Education Society, and as the Chair of the Steering Committee of the IEEE Transactions on Learning Technology.

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Table of Contents

PREFACE ix

ACKNOWLEDGEMENTS xvii

PART 1

ENGINEERING ESSENTIALS 1

CHAPTER 1 - EVERYDAY ENGINEERING 5

1.1 CHOOSING A CAREER 5

1.2 CHOOSING ENGINEERING AS A CAREER 6

1.3 CHOOSING A SPECIFIC ENGINEERING FIELD 8

1.4 GATHERING INFORMATION 16

1.5 PURSUING STUDENT OPPORTUNITIES 18

CHAPTER 2 - ETHICS 28

2.1 ETHICAL DECISION-MAKING 29

2.2 ENGINEERING CREED 34

IN-CLASS ACTIVITIES 36

CHAPTER 3 - DESIGN AND TEAMWORK 43

3.1 THE DESIGN PROCESS 43

3.2 BRAINSTORMING IN THE DESIGN PROCESS 45

3.3 EXPERIMENTAL DESIGN: PERIOD ANALYSIS 46

3.4 PROJECT TIMELINE 48

3.5 CRITERIA AND EVALUATION 50

3.6 WORKING IN TEAMS 55

IN-CLASS ACTIVITIES 58

CHAPTER 4 - ENGINEERING COMMUNICATION 63

4.1 BASIC PRESENTATION SKILLS 64

4.2 SAMPLE PRESENTATIONS 66

4.3 BASIC TECHNICAL WRITING SKILLS 69

4.4 COMMON TECHNICAL COMMUNICATION FORMATS 72

IN-CLASS ACTIVITIES 79

ENGINEERING ESSENTIALS REVIEW 89

PART 2

PROBLEM PARADIGMS 97

CHAPTER 5 - ESTIMATION 101

5.1 GENERAL HINTS FOR ESTIMATION 104

5.2 SIGNIFICANT FIGURES 105

5.3 REASONABLENESS 109

5.4 NOTATION 113

IN-CLASS ACTIVITIES 116

CHAPTER 6 - SOLVEM 119

6.1 DEFINING SOLVEM 119

6.2 REPRESENTING FINAL RESULTS 125

6.3 AVOIDING COMMON MISTAKES 125

IN-CLASS ACTIVITIES 129

CHAPTER 7 - GRAPHING GUIDELINES 132

7.1 GRAPHING TERMINOLOGY 132

7.2 PROPER PLOTS 133

7.3 GRAPH INTERPRETATION 140

7.4 MEANING OF THE LINE SHAPES 143

7.5 GRAPHICAL SOLUTIONS 149

IN-CLASS ACTIVITIES 153

CHAPTER 8 - INTERPOLATION 165

8.1 SINGLE INTERPOLATION 166

8.2 COMPLEX INTERPOLATION 169

IN-CLASS ACTIVITIES 172

CHAPTER 9 - STATISTICS 176

9.1 HISTOGRAMS 177

9.2 STATISTICAL BEHAVIOR 180

9.3 DISTRIBUTIONS 183

9.4 CUMULATIVE DISTRIBUTION FUNCTIONS 190

9.5 STATISTICAL PROCESS CONTROL (SPC) 192

IN-CLASS ACTIVITIES 200

PROBLEM PARADIGMS REVIEW 206

PART 3

UBIQUITOUS UNITS 223

CHAPTER 10 - FUNDAMENTAL DIMENSIONS AND BASE UNITS 235

10.1 THE METRIC SYSTEM 236

10.2 OTHER UNIT SYSTEMS 239

10.3 CONVERSION PROCEDURE FOR UNITS 239

10.4 CONVERSIONS INVOLVING MULTIPLE STEPS 242

10.5 CONVERSIONS INVOLVING “NEW” UNITS 247

10.6 DERIVED DIMENSIONS AND UNITS 248

10.7 EQUATION LAWS 250

10.8 CONVERSION INVOLVING EQUATIONS 253

IN-CLASS ACTIVITIES 256

CHAPTER 11- UNIVERSAL UNITS 261

11.1 FORCE 261

11.2 WEIGHT 263

11.3 DENSITY 264

11.4 AMOUNT 269

11.5 TEMPERATURE 272

11.6 PRESSURE 275

11.7 GAS PRESSURE 280

11.8 ENERGY 282

11.9 POWER 286

11.10 EFFICIENCY 287

IN-CLASS ACTIVITIES 293

CHAPTER 12 - DIMENSIONLESS NUMBERS 302

12.1 COMMON DIMENSIONLESS NUMBERS 302

12.2 DIMENSIONAL ANALYSIS 304

12.3 RAYLEIGH’S METHOD 308

IN-CLASS ACTIVITIES 316

UBIQUITOUS UNITS REVIEW 320

PART 4

SCRUPULOUS SPREADSHEETS 333

CHAPTER 13 - EXCEL WORKBOOKS 341

13.1 CELL REFERENCES 341

13.2 FUNCTIONS IN EXCEL 344

13.3 LOGIC AND CONDITIONALS 349

13.4 LOOKUP AND DATA VALIDATION 355

13.5 CONDITIONAL FORMATTING 358

13.6 SORTING AND FILTERS 361

IN-CLASS ACTIVITIES 367

CHAPTER 14 - EXCEL GRAPHS 376

14.1 AVAILABLE GRAPH TYPES 377

14.2 STATISTICS IN EXCEL 379

14.3 AUTOMATED CALCULATIONS 383

IN-CLASS ACTIVITIES 389

CHAPTER 15 - MODELS AND SYSTEMS 396

15.1 LINEAR FUNCTIONS 397

15.2 LINEAR RELATIONSHIPS 400

15.3 POWER FUNCTIONS 414

15.4 EXPONENTIAL FUNCTIONS 417

IN-CLASS ACTIVITIES 423

CHAPTER 16 - MATHEMATICAL MODELS 429

16.1 SELECTING A TRENDLINE TYPE 429

16.2 INTERPRETING LOGARITHMIC GRAPHS 438

16.3 CONVERTING SCALES TO LOG IN EXCEL 445

16.4 DEALING WITH LIMITATIONS OF EXCEL 445

IN-CLASS ACTIVITIES 452

SCRUPULOUS SPREADSHEETS REVIEW 459

PART 5

PUNCTILIOUS PROGRAMMING 483

CHAPTER 17 - ALGORITHMS, PROGRAMS, AND FUNCTIONS 489

17.1 SCOPE 489

17.2 WRITTEN ALGORITHMS 491

17.3 GRAPHICAL ALGORITHMS 493

17.4 PROGRAMS IN MATLAB 498

17.5 DEBUGGING MATLAB CODE 510

17.6 FUNCTIONS IN MATLAB 511

IN-CLASS ACTIVITIES 516

CHAPTER 18 - INPUT/OUTPUT IN MATLAB 519

18.1 INPUT 519

18.2 OUTPUT 521

18.3 PLOTTING 523

18.4 STATISTICS 527

IN-CLASS ACTIVITIES 532

CHAPTER 19 - LOGIC & CONDITIONALS 540

19.1 TRUTH TABLES 540

19.2 BINARY NUMBERS 542

19.3 LOGIC AND RELATIONAL OPERATORS IN MATLAB 544

19.4 CONDITIONAL STATEMENTS IN MATLAB 545

IN-CLASS ACTIVITIES 549

CHAPTER 20 - LOOPING STRUCTURES 554

20.1 for LOOPS 554

20.2 while LOOPS 560

IN-CLASS ACTIVITIES 563

PUNCTILIOUS PROGRAMMING REVIEW 566

COMPREHENSION CHECK ANSWERS 577

INDEX 588

EXCEL FUNCTIONS 598

MATLAB FUNCTIONS 599

GREEK LETTERS 600

NOMENCLATURE AND UNIT ABBREVIATIONS 601

MISCELLANEOUS EQUATIONS 602

EQUATIONS AND GEOMETRIC FORMULAS 603

SI UNITS AND PHYSICAL CONSTANTS 604

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