This Fissured Land / Edition 1

This Fissured Land / Edition 1

by Madhav Gadgil, Ramachandra Guha
     
 

ISBN-10: 0520082966

ISBN-13: 9780520082960

Pub. Date: 02/19/1993

Publisher: University of California Press

Ecologist Madhav Gadgil and historian Ramachandra Guha offer fresh perspectives both on the ecological history of
India and on theoretical issues of interest to environmental historians regardless of geographical specialization.

Juxtaposing data from
India with the ecological literature on lifestyles as diverse as those of modern Americans and Amazonian

Overview

Ecologist Madhav Gadgil and historian Ramachandra Guha offer fresh perspectives both on the ecological history of
India and on theoretical issues of interest to environmental historians regardless of geographical specialization.

Juxtaposing data from
India with the ecological literature on lifestyles as diverse as those of modern Americans and Amazonian
Indians, the authors analyze the social conflicts that have emerged over environmental exploitation and explore the impact of changing patterns of resource use on human societies. They present a socio-ecological analysis of the modes of resource use introduced to
India by the British, and explore popular resistance to state environmental policies in both the colonial and post-colonial periods.

Product Details

ISBN-13:
9780520082960
Publisher:
University of California Press
Publication date:
02/19/1993
Series:
Oxford India Paperbacks Series
Edition description:
New Edition
Pages:
300
Product dimensions:
5.50(w) x 8.50(h) x 0.67(d)

Table of Contents

Acknowledgementsxiii
Prologue: Prudence and Profligacy1
Part 1A Theory of Ecological History9
1Habitats in Human History11
Modes of Production and Modes of Resource Use11
Four Historical Modes14
Gathering15
Simple Rules of Thumb23
Pastoralism27
Settled Cultivation30
The Industrial Mode39
Conflict Between and Within Modes53
Intra-Modal Conflict57
Recapitulation64
AppendixNote on Population67
Part 2Towards a Cultural Ecology of Pre-Modern India69
2Forest and Fire71
Geological History71
Prudent Predators72
Neolithic Revolution76
River-valley Civilizations77
Social Organization82
The Age of Empires85
Conservation from Above87
3Caste and Conservation91
Resource Crunch91
Conservation from Below93
An Eclectic Belief System103
The Village and the State106
Conclusion109
Part 3Ecological Change and Social Conflict in Modern India
4Conquest and Control113
Colonialism as an Ecological Watershed116
The Early Onslaught on Forests118
An Early Environment Debate123
Forest Policy Upto 1947134
The Balance Sheet of Colonial Forestry140
5The Fight for the Forest146
Hunter-gatherers: The Decline Towards Extinction148
The 'Problem' of Shifting Cultivation150
Settled Cultivators and the State158
Everyday Forms of Resistance: The Case of Jaunsar Bawar164
The Decline of the Artisanal Industry171
Conclusion: The Social Idiom of Protest174
The Mechanisms of Protest177
6Biomass for Business181
Two Versions of Progress: Gandhi and the Modernizers181
Forests and Industrialization: Four Stages185
The Balance Sheet of Industrial Forestry193
Sequential Exploitation: A Process Whereby a Whole Flock of Geese Laying Golden Eggs is Massacred One by One197
The Profligacy of Scientific Forestry207
7Competing Claims on the Commons215
Hunter-gatherers217
The Continuing 'Problem' of Shifting Cultivation218
The Changing Ecology of Settled Agriculture221
Claiming a Share of the Profits229
Wild Life Conservation: Animals Versus Humans232
8Cultures in Conflict239
Bibliography247
Index267

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