Thought and Knowledge: An Introduction to Critical Thinking / Edition 4

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Overview

When we consider that many of the people alive today will someday be working in jobs that do not yet exist, and that the explosion of information in our world means that today's knowledge will quickly become outdated, two goals for eduction emerge: learning how to learn and how to think critically about information that changes at a rapid rate. Neither education nor business as usual will provide adequately thoughtful perspectives and creative solutions to the problems society faces today. A genuine commitment to an educated thinking populace will. This book, the third edition of Diane Halpern's best-selling text, was written as tangible evidence of that commitment. In it, the author applies the theories and research of cognitive psychology to the development of critical thinking and learning skills. In addition to its rigorous scholarly grounding, the book is distinguished by its clear writing style, humorous tone, and numerous practical examples and anecdotes. The book features new and expanded coverage of topics including: analyzing visual arguments; asking questions as a means of understanding complex information; accessing information in problem solving, decision making, and argument analysis; and thinking critically about controversial research. The lessons from this text are brought home in the workbook, Thinking Critically about Critical Thinking, available separately. An instructor's manual is also available from the publisher.
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Editorial Reviews

From The Critics
A textbook for a course on critical thinking in any discipline that encourages it in students and practitioners. No dates are cited for previous editions. Annotation c. Book News, Inc., Portland, OR
From the Publisher
"Halpern writes in a friendly and personal style that communicates directly with readers, and she keeps readers engaged by providing concrete and practical examples. She is not only a master researcher and scholar who has contributed to the field of applied cognitive psychology; she is also a master teacher who knows how to take scientific material and make it understandable, personally relevant, and enjoyable. It is a treat to read a book on thinking by an undisputed eader in the field who has been thinking about thinking and refining this book for three decades. It is clear that Halpern has made a significant contribution to the field of applied cognitive psychology with the fifth edition of Thought and Knowledge: An Introduction to Critical Thinking. Overall, this is an enjoyable, comprehensive, and current introduction to the field of human thinking, with topics ranging from how to analyze the soundness of an argument to how to think with probabilities, and from how to come up with a creative solution to how to avoid pitfalls in decision making. If you are interested in what psychology has to say about how thinking works and how to improve your thinking, then Thought and Knowledge: An Introduction to Critical Thinking belongs on your bookshelf."Richard E. Mayer, PsycCRITIQUES

"In short, it is clear that Halpern has made a significant contribution to the field of applied cognitive psychology with the fifth edition of Thought and Knowledge: An Introduction to Critical Thinking. Overall, this is an enjoyable, comprehensive, and current introduction to the field of human thinking, with topics ranging from how to analyze the soundness of an argument to how to think with probabilities, and from how to come up with a creative solution to how to avoid pitfalls in decision making. If you are interested in what psychology has to say about how thinking works and how to improve your thinking, then Thought and Knowledge: An Introduction to Critical Thinking belongs on your bookshelf." -Richard E. Mayer, PsycCRITIQUES

"Lots of terrific psychology, introduced clearly and attractively. Undergraduate students will enjoy reading this. I learned a lot."Michael Bishop, Prof. of Philosophy and Director, Undergraduate Studies, Florida State University

"The level of sophistication about the psychology of reasoning, decision-making, risk, etc. is much higher than standard critical thinking texts—as one would expect given the author’s credentials."Frank Fair, Prof. of Psychology and Philosophy, Sam Houston State University, and Managing Editor of Inquiry: Critical Thinking Across the Disciplines

"I continue to be impressed by the breadth and depth of the scholarship presented herein, especially the rich examples and everyday experiences of the author that illustrate her points about critical thinking." – Dana S. Dunn, Prof. of Psychology, Moravian College, and former president of the Society for the Teaching of Psychology

"Diane Halpern has a nice, friendly style and a gift for vivid examples. What her text does really well is marshal the ‘factual’ material in a way I haven’t seen before, and in a way that will engage readers." – Ken Manktelow, Prof. of Psychology, University of Wolverhampton

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Product Details

  • ISBN-13: 9780805839654
  • Publisher: Taylor & Francis
  • Publication date: 8/28/2002
  • Edition description: REV
  • Edition number: 4
  • Pages: 472
  • Product dimensions: 6.90 (w) x 10.00 (h) x 1.20 (d)

Meet the Author

Diane F. Halpern is the McElwee Family Professor of Psychology and Roberts Fellow at Claremont McKenna College. She is a past president of the American Psychological Association, the Western Psychological Association, the Society for General Psychology, and the Society for the Teaching of Psychology.

Professor Halpern has won many awards for her teaching and research, including the James McKeen Cattell Fellow Award from the Association for Psychological Science (2013); the Arthur W. Staats Lecture on Unifying Psychology Award from the American Psychological Association (2013); Outstanding Professor Award from the Western Psychological Association (2002); American Psychological Foundation Award for Distinguished Teaching (1999); Distinguished Career Award for Contributions to Education from the American Psychological Association (1996); and the California State University's State-Wide Outstanding Professor Award.

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Table of Contents

Preface
1 Thinking: An Introduction 1
2 Memory: The Acquisition, Retention, and Retrieval of Knowledge 39
3 The Relationship Between Thought and Language 87
4 Reasoning: Drawing Deductively Valid Conclusions 137
5 Analyzing Arguments 182
6 Thinking as Hypothesis Testing 231
7 Likelihood and Uncertainty: Understanding Probabilities 264
8 Decision Making 308
9 Development of Problem-Solving Skills 348
10 Creative Thinking 396
11 The Last Word 430
References 432
Author Index 453
Subject Index 460
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