Three Cheers for the Unemployed: Government and Unemployment before the New Deal

Three Cheers for the Unemployed: Government and Unemployment before the New Deal

by Udo Sautter
     
 

ISBN-10: 0521400414

ISBN-13: 9780521400411

Pub. Date: 04/28/2015

Publisher: Cambridge University Press

An account of the beginnings and the development of unemployment reform up to the New Deal. As a consequence of the large-scale industrialization after the Civil War, joblessness could no longer be considered to be caused by character defects, but had to be ascribed to societal forces. It became clear that traditional remedial measures could not cope with the problem…  See more details below

Overview

An account of the beginnings and the development of unemployment reform up to the New Deal. As a consequence of the large-scale industrialization after the Civil War, joblessness could no longer be considered to be caused by character defects, but had to be ascribed to societal forces. It became clear that traditional remedial measures could not cope with the problem adequately. In times of depression, the large number of unemployed far exceeded the aid capacity of private philanthropies and civic authorities. And the continuous expansion of the labor market made it obvious that local action would remain insufficient, especially if prevention could take the place of the less-desirable solution. By the time the United States entered World War I, reformist thinkers had devised the major tools that were later used to deal with unemployment. After the war and during most of the 1920s, these tools underwent thorough examination and refinement. The early years of the Great Depression saw them used tentatively. On the eve of the New Deal, a well-reasoned and successfully tested group of social programs was available. This book essentially refutes a social-control explanation for this process, and stresses the progressive motivation of the reformers involved.

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Product Details

ISBN-13:
9780521400411
Publisher:
Cambridge University Press
Publication date:
04/28/2015
Pages:
416
Product dimensions:
6.14(w) x 9.21(h) x 1.02(d)

Table of Contents

List of figures and tables
Abbreviations used in the text or footnotes
Acknowledgments
1Introduction1
2Perceiving the problem: 1870s to the entry into World War I14
IGrowing awareness14
IIAssessing the problem42
IIISearch for tools: Labor exchanges52
IVSearch for tools: Public works94
VSearch for tools: Unemployment insurance110
3Nascence and growth of the USES: World War I121
4Pondering the issues: Postwar to the mid-1920s127
IPostwar and prosperity127
IIElusive numbers149
IIIThe USES on hold154
IVPondering public works180
VWho needs unemployment insurance?202
5Accepting the task: 1928-1933219
IFrom prosperity to depression220
IINumbers beyond count244
IIIRevival of the USES251
IVPublic works and relief268
VThe coming of unemployment insurance318
6Epilogue339
Appendix
Checklist of Congressional bills and resolutions mentioned in the text347
Congressional bills and resolutions mentioned in the text350
Checklist of Congressional hearings mentioned in the text370
Congressional hearings mentioned in the text372
Manuscript collections consulted376
Index379

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