Three Peoples, One King: Loyalists, Indians, and Slaves in the Revolutionary South, 1775 - 1782 / Edition 1

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Overview

Three Peoples, One King explores the contributions and conjoined fates of Loyalists, Indians, and slaves who stood with the British Empire in the Deep South colonies during the American Revolution. Challenging the traditional view that British efforts to regain control of the southern colonies were undermined by a lack of local support, Jim Piecuch demonstrates the breadth of loyal assistance provided by these three groups in South Carolina, Georgia, and East and West Florida. Piecuch attributes the ultimate failure of the Crown's southern campaign to the ruthless program of violent suppression of Loyalist forces carried out by the revolutionaries and Britain's inability to capitalize fully on the support available. In the process of revisiting some cherished opinions respecting the Revolution, Piecuch provides a compelling alternative to long-held notions of heroism and villainy in America's war for independence.
Covering the period from 1775 to 1782, Piecuch systematically surveys the roles of these three groups-Loyalists, Indians, and slaves-across the southernmost colonies to illustrate the investments each had in allying with the British, their interconnected efforts on behalf of their king, and the high price they paid for their loyalty during and after the war. In honing his focus on the Deep South, where British forces struggled to maintain control as their hold on the northern colonies waned and where some of the war's fiercest combat took place, Piecuch offers a sustained interpretation of the war from the British perspective.
Although other studies have assessed the stance of white Loyalist militias and the efforts of revolutionaries to woo them or defeat them,Piecuch's is the first to offer a synthetic approach to all three Loyalist populations-white, black, and Native American-in the South during this era. He subjects each of the groups to intensive investigation, making new discoveries in the histories of escaped or liberated slaves, of still-powerful Indian tribes, and of the bitter legacies of white loyalism. He then employs an integrated approach that advances understanding of Britain's long hold on the South and the hardships experienced by those groups who were in varying degrees abandoned by the Crown in defeat. Aided by thirty-four illustrations and maps, Piecuch's pathbreaking study will appeal to scholars and students of American history as well as Revolutionary War enthusiasts open to hearing an opposing perspective.
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What People Are Saying

Gary B. Nash
"Fighting on the losing side has its costs in the pages of history, where the winners control the master narratives. Bucking this tide, Jim Piecuch rescues the lost stories of the Loyalists of the Lower South-white, black, and red-in this richly detailed and closely argued book."--(Gary B. Nash, professor emeritus of history, University of California, Los Angeles)
R. Don Higginbotham
"Three Peoples, One King is an outstanding volume that contributes significantly to scholarship on the American Revolution. In this thorough and study, Jim Piecuch pays much overdue attention to the 'outsiders'-Loyalists, blacks, and Natives Americans-in the southernmost colonies to further our understanding of the motivations and endeavors of those who cast their lot with the British during the war."--(R. Don Higginbotham, Dowd Professor of history, University of North Carolina at Chapel Hill)
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Product Details

  • ISBN-13: 9781570037375
  • Publisher: University of South Carolina Press
  • Publication date: 5/28/2008
  • Edition description: New Edition
  • Edition number: 1
  • Pages: 456
  • Product dimensions: 6.40 (w) x 9.20 (h) x 1.40 (d)

Meet the Author

Jim Piecuch is an assistant professor of history at Kennesaw State University in Georgia and the author of The Battle of Camden: A Documentary History. A former firefighter and newspaper journalist, he earned his M.A. in history from the University of New Hampshire and his Ph.D. degree from the College of William and Mary.
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Table of Contents

List of Illustrations

Introduction 1

1 Revolution Comes to the Deep South 14

2 The British Government and Its Supporters React to the Revolution 36

3 Whigs Ascendant 93

4 The British Return 124

5 The Reconquest of South Carolina 174

6 Precipice 228

7 British Collapse 272

Conclusion 328

Abbreviations 337

Notes 339

Bibliography 407

Index 429

About the Author 441

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