Tiger Moths and Woolly Bears: Behavior, Ecology, and Evolution of the Arctiidae

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Moths of the family Arctiidae, with their brilliant coloration, spectacular courtship rituals, and bizarre defenses, are wonders of the natural world. Unpalatable by virtue of secondary chemicals acquired from their hostplants, these moths advertise their defenses by their coloration and often mimic butterflies, wasps, bees, stinkbugs, and even cockroaches. They have ears with which they hear the echolocation of bats, and some answer with aposematic warnings, while some may jam the bats' sonar.

This book, the first written on this fascinating group, documents how tiger moths and woolly bears-the adults and larvae of the Arctiidae-flourish in a world rife with predators, parasites, and competitors. The contributing authors' accounts, each written by a recognized expert in the field, weave together seminal studies on phylogeny and behavior, natural history, chemical communication, mate choice and sexual selection, chemical ecology, parasite-host relationships, self medication, animal orientation, predator-prey interactions, mimicry, adaptive coloration, speciation, biodiversity, and more.

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Product Details

  • ISBN-13: 9780195327373
  • Publisher: Oxford University Press, USA
  • Publication date: 10/31/2008
  • Edition description: New Edition
  • Pages: 328
  • Product dimensions: 6.30 (w) x 9.30 (h) x 1.00 (d)

Meet the Author

William E. Conner has studied animal behavior and insect biology for more than thirty years. Conner is professor of biology at Wake Forest University, and received his PhD at Cornell. His studies of pheromonal and acoustic communication between the sexes and high-frequency sound communication between bats and moths have taken him from North Carolina, South Florida, and Arizona to mainland Ecuador and the Galápagos Islands. Recent findings include evidence for acoustic warning signals produced by moths and acoustic mimicry in the bat-moth arms race.

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Table of Contents

List of Contributors xv

Chapter 1 Utetheisa ornatrix, the Ornate Arctiid William E. Conner 1

Chapter 2 Evolution and Taxonomic Confusion in Arctiidae Susan Weller Michelle DaCosta Rebecca Simmons Katarina Dittmar Michael Whiting 11

Chapter 3 The Immature Stages: Structure, Function, Behavior, and Ecology David L. Wagner 31

Chapter 4 Pyrrolizidine Alkaloids: The Successful Adoption of a Plant Chemical Defense Thomas Hartmann 55

Chapter 5 Chemical Defenses in Woolly Bears: Sequestration and Efficacy against Predators and Parasitoids M. Deane Bowers 83

Chapter 6 Specialized Generalists: Behavioral and Evolutionary Ecology of Polyphagous Woolly Bear Caterpillars Michael S. Singer Elizabeth A. Bernays 103

Chapter 7 Adaptive Coloration and Mimicry Rebecca Simmons 115

Chapter 8 The Scent of a Female: Sex Pheromones of Female Tiger Moths Ring T. Carde Jocelyn G. Millar 127

Chapter 9 Alkaloid-Derived Male Courtship Pheromones Stefan Schulz 145

Chapter 10 From Armaments to Ornaments: The Relationship between Chemical Defense and Sex in Tiger Moths William E. Conner Alex T. Jordan 155

Chapter 11 Caterpillar Talk William E. Conner Raeleen Wilson 173

Chapter 12 Sound Strategies: Acoustic Aposematism, Startle, and Sonar Jamming William E. Conner Nickolay I. Hristov Jesse R. Barber 177

Chapter 13 Acoustic Courtship in the Arctiidae Mark V. Sanderford 193

Chapter 14 Darwin's Moth: Utetheisa in the Galapagos Islands Lazaro Roque-Albelo Sarah E. Garrett William E. Conner 207

Chapter 15 Patterns of Arctiid Diversity Gunnar Brehm 223

Appendix Sample Species Illustrating Diversity within the Arctiidae Raymond B. Nagle David L. Wagner233

Glossary 251

References 255

Index 291

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