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Tissue Oxygenation in Acute Medicine / Edition 1
     

Tissue Oxygenation in Acute Medicine / Edition 1

by William J. Sibbald, Konrad Messmer, Mitchell P. Fink
 

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ISBN-10: 3540425950

ISBN-13: 9783540425953

Pub. Date: 03/05/2002

Publisher: Springer Berlin Heidelberg

Researchers from many disciplines, with both basic and clinical perspectives, came together in this volume to review and debate issues pertaining to the investigation and control of tissue oxygenation in acute medicine, as well as treatments to improve tissue oxygenation when abnormal. In this latter context, special emphasis is placed on understanding the effect

Overview

Researchers from many disciplines, with both basic and clinical perspectives, came together in this volume to review and debate issues pertaining to the investigation and control of tissue oxygenation in acute medicine, as well as treatments to improve tissue oxygenation when abnormal. In this latter context, special emphasis is placed on understanding the effect of blood substitutes on the circulation and on the potential roles of this family of compounds in clinical medicine.

Product Details

ISBN-13:
9783540425953
Publisher:
Springer Berlin Heidelberg
Publication date:
03/05/2002
Series:
Update in Intensive Care Medicine Series
Edition description:
Softcover reprint of the original 1st ed. 1998
Pages:
378
Product dimensions:
0.00(w) x 0.00(h) x 0.36(d)

Table of Contents

Physiology of Oxygen Delivery.- Role of the Cardiorespiratory System in Delivering Oxygen.- Intraorgan Heterogeneity of Blood Flow, Oxygen Consumption and Tissue Oxygenation.- The Microcirculation and Tissue Oxygenation.- Oxygen Distribution and Consumption by the Microcirculation and the Determinants of Tissue Survival.- Oxygen Signaling Cascades in Mammalian Cells.- Hypoxia and Its Consequences.- Hypoxic Hypoxia.- Circulatory Hypoxia.- Anemic Hypoxia.- Cytopathic Hypoxia: Mihondrial Dysfunction as a Potential Mechanism Contributing to Organ Failure in Sepsis.- Poly (ADP-ribose) Synthetase Activation in Circulatory Shock.- Cellular Responses to Hypoxia: Possible Relevance to Multiple Organ Failure in Critical Illness?.- The Mihondrial Permeability Transition.- Measuring Tissue Oxygenation.- The Available Clinical Tools — Oxygen-Derived Variables, Lactate, and pHi.- Microcirculatory Flows, Microcirculatory Responsiveness, Microcirculatory and Regional (Arteriolar/Venular) O2 Saturations.- Monitoring the Systemic Circulation in Sepsis with Microelectrodes.- Oxygen Electrodes, Optode Microsensing, Near-Infrared Spectroscopy, Spectrophotometry.- Blood and Blood Substitutes as Oxygen Carriers.- The Optimal and Critical Hemoglobin in Health and Acute Illness.- Hemoglobin-Based Artificial Oxygen Carriers (HBOC): Classification and Historical Overview.- Hemoglobin Solutions: Effects on Tissue Oxygenation.- Effect of Diaspirin Crosslinked Hemoglobin on Systemic and Regional Blood Circulation.- Blood Substitutes — Effects on the Microcirculation.- Perfluorocarbons as Oxygen Carriers.- Serum-Free Hemoglobin Increases Tumor Necrosis Factor Synthesis and Lipopolysaccharide Lethality.- Enhancement of Tissue Oxygenation by Intracellular Introduction of Inositol Hexaphosphate by Flow Electroporation of Red Blood Cells.

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