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To See the Dawn: Baku, 1920 -- First Congress of the Peoples of the East / Edition 1

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1993 Trade paperback Illustrated. New. Book is New! Text in English, Russian. Trade paperback (US). Glued binding. 344 p. Contains: Illustrations. Communist International in ... Lenin's Time. Audience: General/trade. Read more Show Less

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How can peasants and workers in the colonial world throw off imperialist exploitation? How can they overcome national and religious divisions incited by their own ruling classes and fight for their common class interests? As the example of the October Revolution echoed around the world, these questions were addressed by 2,000 delegates to the 1920 Congress of the Peoples of the East.

"Provides basic background information to help decipher the jumble of developments along the southern frontier of the former Soviet Union. . . . attractively formatted and helpfully illustrated."-The Journal of Asian Studies

Introduction by John Riddell and Ma'mud Shirvani, 16-page photo section, maps, glossary, notes, index

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Editorial Reviews

Book News

In the early 1920s, the new Soviet state began attracting, organizing and leading the peoples of central Asia in a fight against colonialism and for self-determination. This book contains proceedings and major documents of one of the major events in that consolidation, the First Congress of the Peoples of the East held in Baku, Azerbaijan in 1920 and attended by some 2000 delegates from throughout Asia and the Middle East. Editor John Riddell's introduction gives background information on the conference, placing it into the larger context of early Soviet history and world revolutionary struggles. The documents are augmented with a 16-page photo section, relevant maps, glossary, and notes. (Annotation ©2011 Book News Inc. Portland, OR)

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Product Details

Table of Contents

Maps 8
Introduction 11
Call to the Baku congress 36
Opening Rally 45
1 Tasks of the Congress of the Peoples of the East 60
2 World political situation 80
3 Discussion: Turkestan, Mountain republic 103
4 Guest speakers; India; Turkey 114
5 National and colonial questions 137
6 Soviets in the East; agrarian question 172
7 Council for Propaganda and Action; women of the East; concluding remarks 201
Manifesto to the peoples of the East 221
Appeal to the workers of Europe, America, and Japan 234
Composition of the congress 242
Appendix 1. Declaration of Soviet government on rights of peoples of Russia 247
Appendix 2. Appeal to all toiling Muslims of Russia and the East 250
Appendix 3. Address to the Second All-Russia Congress of Communist Organizations of the Peoples of the East 253
Appendix 4. Theses on the national and colonial questions 266
Appendix 5. A new world 273
Appendix 6. Workers of Armenia have cemented an alliance with toiling Azerbaijan 277
Appendix 7. Zionism: an exchange of views at the Baku congress 282
Appendix 8. Correcting abuses of Soviet power in Asia 292
Notes 310
Glossary of names and terms 327
Index 335
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  • Anonymous

    Posted September 27, 2005

    Want to understand Afghanistan? This book can help

    Here we are in 2005 with the world bitterly divided over a region and over issues that, under different leaders, were cooperatively addressed more than 70 years ago. That's the essence of what I take from reading 'To See the Dawn.' The book is a collection of reports and proceedings from 1920, from when the First Congress of the Peoples of the East was held in Baku, a port city on the Caspian Sea in Central Asia. At the time, Baku was the capital of Soviet Azerbaijan, and the congress was called by the Azerbaijan Communist Party in cooperation with the Communist International under the leadership of Lenin and the Bolshevik Party. The congress drew more than 2,000 delegates from workers' parties and anticolonial groups from across the region, including Afghanistan, Turkestan, India and elsewhere. These delegates attended the gathering to learn more about the revolutionary process unfolding in the Soviet Union, and inspired by the Bolshevik leadership's support for self-determination and the anticolonial struggle. That was key, the reports in this collection show, because the Russian czar and the old colonial powers of Great Britain and France played up religious, ethnic and national differences as a big part of their strategy of keeping working people divided. When the delegates realized that these differences masked much of what they had in common as working people and farmers, it opened the road to cooperation and trust. This book illustrates how powerful that lesson could be once again in that still-divided part of the world.

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  • Anonymous

    Posted April 27, 2003

    The Struggle of the Oppressed

    This is the perfect book to be reading right now with the current situation in the Middle East! It quite dramatically refutes the argument that there are some populations in some countries that are just too backward, too beaten down, too victimized, to determine their own destiny. The account is of the First Congress of the People of the East that took place in 1920 in Baku, Azerbaijan. Here some 2000 delegates of workers and peasants met to debate and discuss the critical questions of their day---issues like national oppression, women¿s rights, and economic and social pressure in the midst of a worldwide depression. In this book you can read the actual transcripts of debates on Zionism and Palestine; the debates over religious freedom of Muslims and the right of women to participate as equals at the conference itself. There are also wonderful photographs of the different participants to help put faces to the debates. You cannot read this book and not be inspired by what occurred at this historic conference.

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  • Anonymous

    Posted November 21, 2001

    Inspiring, tremendous solidarity of world working class

    Reading these reports and speeches at the Baku Congress and comparing them to the divisions which the US bombing campaign is attempting to foster in the Midddle East and Central Asia today, makes one realize the tremendous unity of all the peoples of the world against the brutal face of Imperialism both then(1920) and now. Also a much better face of the US--the revolutionary journalist, John Reed--was at this conference: so much better than the young, heavily armed US soldier, who represents the US working class in Afghanistan today. This book contains the famous speech of John Reed on the prospects for revolution in the Americas. John Reed worked with the poets Robert Frost, and Khalil Gibran on a magazine in NY before the first world war.

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