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Today's Moral Issues: Classic and Contemporary Perspectives / Edition 7

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Overview

Today’s Moral Issues combines theoretical and practical readings on four general themes: first principles, liberty, rights and responsibilities, and justice and equality. The theoretical readings from classical philosophy, which appear at the beginning of each of the four parts of the book, are closely related to the contemporary readings that follow, which cover “hot button” issues of interest to today’s students.

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Editorial Reviews

Booknews
An introductory text for courses on contemporary moral problems. The book ties 74 classic and contemporary readings together on four themes: liberty, first principles, rights and responsibilities, and justice. The classic texts include writers such as Aristotle, Marx, Burke, Kant, Rousseau, and Locke. In each section they are followed by writings on specific modern day issues including drug legalization, pornography, the environment, health care, sexual behavior, abortion, euthanasia, capital punishment, world hunger, welfare, and affirmative action. Annotation c. by Book News, Inc., Portland, Or.
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Product Details

  • ISBN-13: 9780078038211
  • Publisher: McGraw-Hill Higher Education
  • Publication date: 2/3/2012
  • Edition description: New Edition
  • Edition number: 7
  • Pages: 656
  • Sales rank: 324,062
  • Product dimensions: 7.30 (w) x 9.10 (h) x 1.00 (d)

Meet the Author

Daniel Bonevac is Professor of Philosophy at the University of Texas at Austin. Educated at Haverford College (BA) and the University of Pittsburgh (MA, PhD), he is author of five books and editor or co-editor of three others. His first book, Reduction in the Abstract Sciences, won the Johnsonian Prize from the editors of The Journal of Philosophy. He has published articles on ethics, metaphysics, philosophical logic, and the philosophy of language. He has been teaching courses on contemporary moral issues for thirty years.

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Table of Contents

Introduction : moral arguments and moral relativism 1
Pt. I First principles 15
from Nicomachean ethics 20
from Summa theologica 25
from A treatise of human nature 29
from Fundamental principles of the metaphysics of morals 32
from Utilitarianism and "letter to John Venn" 38
from The ethics of ambiguity 46
"Our sexual ethics" 53
"Sexual morality and the concept of using another person" 58
"Abortion and the sexual agenda" 65
from Sexual desire 69
"Universal declaration of the rights of animals" 75
from Animal liberation 77
"The case for animal rights" 85
"The case for the use of animals in biomedical research" 90
from "The tragedy of the commons" 100
"Property rights : the real issue" 103
"Risks, costs, and benefits" 110
from Deep ecology 114
"The power and the promise of ecological feminism" 119
"Predicament or progress?" 122
Pt. II Liberty 129
from The republic 131
from Nicomachean ethics 137
from Reflections on the revolution in France 140
from On liberty 146
"An open letter to Bill Bennett" 160
"A response to Milton Friedman" 163
"The case for legalization" 166
"Against the legalization of drugs" 177
"Pornography, civil rights, and speech" 189
"The question of harm" 193
from Sexual correctness 200
Majority opinion in R.A.V. v. City of St. Paul, Minnesota 209
from There's no such thing as free speech, and it's a good thing, too 215
"Kindly inquisitors : the new attacks on free thought" 221
Majority and dissenting opinions in Texas v. Johnson 226
Majority opinion in Bowers v. Hardwick 240
Majority opinion in Lawrence et al. v. Texas 243
Majority and dissenting opinions in Goodridge v. Department of Public Health 248
"Objections to these unions" 263
"The Libertarian question" 269
Pt. III Rights and responsibilities 273
from Leviathan 275
from Second treatise of government 280
from Reflections on the revolution in France 287
from Utilitarianism 292
"The right to privacy" 297
from The economics of justice 307
"Driving to the panopticon : a philosophical exploration of the risks to privacy posed by the information technology of the future" 317
"Liberal and communitarian defenses of workplace privacy" 327
"Rationality and the right to privacy" 330
Majority opinion in Roe v. Wade 338
"A defense of abortion" 343
"On the moral and legal status of abortion" 353
"Abortion and the concept of a person" 364
"Why abortion is immoral" 370
"Public reason and political conflict : abortion" 382
Matter of Quinlan 387
"The wrongfulness of euthanasia" 392
"The morality of euthanasia" 395
"The brief of the Amici Curiae" 401
Majority opinion in Washington et al. v. Glucksberg et al 407
from On crimes and punishment 415
"The right of punishing" 420
from "Reflections on the guillotine" 423
Concurring opinion in Furman v. Georgia 427
Majority opinion in Gregg v. Georgia 429
from The death penalty : a debate 433
"The case against the death penalty" 437
"Why the death penalty works" 444
"Whether it is always sinful to wage war?" 450
from On the law of war and peace 452
"On the nature of war" 457
"Non-violence in various aspects" 461
from Just and unjust wars 465
"Preventive war" 471
Pt. IV Justice and equality 475
from Nicomachean ethics 477
from Politics 479
from Second treatise of government 481
from Discourse on the origin of inequality 491
from On the social contract 499
from Manifesto of the Communist party 503
"Bread and freedom" 509
from A theory of justice 511
from Anarchy, state, and utopia 517
"Commonwealth Club address" 527
"Egalitarian justice : equality as a goal and equality as a right" 532
"What libertarianism is" 535
"Liberalism" 541
"Welfare, membership and need" 547
from Losing ground : American social policy, 1950-1980 552
"Why welfare pays" 561
Majority opinion in Brown v. Board of Education 566
Majority opinion in regents of the University of California v. Bakke 569
"The disease as a cure" 577
from Blacks and social justice 583
"'Affirmative action' : a worldwide disaster" 588
from The shape of the river 603
Majority opinion in Gratz et al. v. Bollinger et al. 608
Majority opinion in Grutter v. Bollinger et al. 613
Majority and dissenting opinions in United States v. Virginia et al. 624
from A vindication of the rights of woman 632
"Sexual difference and sexual equality" 634
"Reconstructing sexual equality" 640
"Justice and gender" 644
from Who stole feminism? 649
from Domestic tranquility 652
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