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Today's Moral Issues: Classic and Contemporary Perspectives / Edition 7
     

Today's Moral Issues: Classic and Contemporary Perspectives / Edition 7

by Daniel Bonevac
 

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ISBN-10: 0078038219

ISBN-13: 9780078038211

Pub. Date: 02/03/2012

Publisher: McGraw-Hill Higher Education

Today’s Moral Issues combines theoretical and practical readings on four general themes: first principles, liberty, rights and responsibilities, and justice and equality. The theoretical readings from classical philosophy, which appear at the beginning of each of the four parts of the book, are closely related to the contemporary readings that

Overview

Today’s Moral Issues combines theoretical and practical readings on four general themes: first principles, liberty, rights and responsibilities, and justice and equality. The theoretical readings from classical philosophy, which appear at the beginning of each of the four parts of the book, are closely related to the contemporary readings that follow, which cover “hot button” issues of interest to today’s students.

Product Details

ISBN-13:
9780078038211
Publisher:
McGraw-Hill Higher Education
Publication date:
02/03/2012
Edition description:
List
Pages:
656
Sales rank:
715,089
Product dimensions:
7.30(w) x 9.10(h) x 1.00(d)

Table of Contents

* indicates new to the Sixth Edition.

Preface

Introduction: Moral Arguments
Part I: First Principles
Aristotle, from Nicomachean Ethics
St. Thomas Aquinas, from Summa Theologica
David Hume, from A Treatise of Human Nature
Immanuel Kant, from Fundamental Principles of the Metaphysics of Morals

*Jeremy Bentham, from Principles of Morals and Legislation
John Stuart Mill, from Utilitarianism
*W. D. Ross, from The Right and the Good
*Nel Noddings, from Caring

Sexual Behavior
Bertrand Russell, "Our Sexual Ethics"
Thomas A. Mappes, "Sexual Morality and the Concept of using Another Person"
Sydney Callahan, "Abortion and the Sexual Agenda"
Roger Scruton, from Sexual Desire

Animals
International League of the Rights of Animals, "Universal Declaration of the Rights of Animals"
Peter Singer, from Animal Liberation
Tom Regan, "The Case for Animal Rights"
Carl Cohen, "The Case for the Use of Animals in Biomedical Research"

The Environment
Garrett Hardin, from "The Tragedy of the Commons"
Richard Stroup and John Baden, with David Fractor, "Property Rights: The Real Issue"
Paul R. Ehrlich and Anne H. Ehrlich, "Risks, Costs, and Benefits"
Bill Devall and George Sessions, from Deep EcologyKaren J. Warren, "The Power and the Promise of Ecological Feminism"
Part II: Liberty

Theoretical Approaches
Aristotle, from Nicomachean Ethics
Edmund Burke, from Reflections on the Revolution in France
John Stuart Mill, from On Liberty

Drug Legalization
Milton Friedman, "An Open Letter to Bill Bennett"
William J. Bennett, "A Response to Milton Friedman"
Ethan A. Nadelmann, "The Case for Legalization"
James Q. Wilson, "Against the Legalization of Drugs"

Pornography
Catherine MacKinnon, "Pornography, Civil Rights, and Speech"
The Attorney General's Commission on Pornography, "The Question of Harm"
Wendy McElroy, from Sexual Correctness

Offensive Speech and Behavior

*Plato, from The Republic

*John Stuart Mill, from On Liberty
Justice Antonin Scalia, Majority Opinion in R.A.V. v. City of St. Paul, Minnesota
Stanley Fish, from There's No Such Thing as Free Speech, and It's a Good Thing, Too
Johnathan Rauch, "Kindly Inquisitors: The New Attacks on Free Thought"
*Chief Justice John Roberts, Majority Opinion in Morse v. Frederick
*Justice John Paul Stevens, Dissenting Opinion in Morse v. Frederick

*Ezra Levant, Opening Remarks to the Alberta Human Rights Commission
Part III: Rights and Responsibilities

Theoretical Approaches
Thomas Hobbes, from Leviathan
John Locke, from Second Treatise of Government
Edmund Burke, from Reflections on the Revolution in France
John Stuart Mill, from Utilitarianism

Abortion
Justice Harry Blackmun, Majority Opinion in Roe v. Wade
Judith Jarvis Thomson, "A Defense of Abortion"
Mary Anne Warren, "On the Moral and Legal Status of Abortion"
Jane English, "Abortion and the Concept of a Person"
Don Marquis, "Why Abortion Is Immoral"
*Alexander Pruss, "I Was Once a Fetus: That is Why Abortion is Wrong"

Euthanasia and Physician-Assisted Suicide
Matter of Quinlan
J. Gay-Williams, "The Wrongfulness of Euthanasia"
James Rachels, "The Morality of Euthanasia"
Ronald Dworkin, Thomas Nagel, Robert Nozick, John Rawls, Thomas Scanlon, and Judith Jarvis Thomson, "The Brief of the Amici Curiae"
Chief Justice William Rehnquist, Majority Opinion in Washington v. Glucksberg et al.

Capital Punishment
Cesare Beccaria, from On Crimes and Punishment
Immanuel Kant, "The Right of Punishing"
Justice William Brennan, Concurring Opinion in Furman v. Georgia
Justices Stewart, Powell, and Stevens, Majority Opinion in Gregg v. Georgia
Ernest van den Haag, from The Death Penalty: A Debate
Hugo Adam Bedau, "The Case against the Death Penalty"
*Cass Sunstein and Adrian Vermeule, "Is Capital Punishment Morally Required?"

War
St. Thomas Aquinas, "Whether It Is Always Sinful to Wage War"

*Francisco de Vitoria, The Law of War on Indians
Hugo Grotius, from On the Law of War and Peace
Mahatma Gandhi, "Non-Violence in Various Aspects"
Richard A. Posner and Gary Becker, "Preventive War"

Torture

*Carl von Clausewitz, from On War

*Jeremy Bentham, "Of Torture"

*David Luban, from "Liberalism, Torture, and the Ticking Bomb"

*Justice Anthony Kennedy, Majority Opinion in Boumediene v. Bush

*Justice Antonin Scalia, Dissenting Opinion in Boumediene v. Bush
Part IV: Justice and Equality

Theoretical Approaches
Aristotle, from Nicomachean Ethics
Aristotle, from Politics
John Locke, from Second Treatise of Government
Jean-Jacques Rousseau, from Discourse on the Origin of Inequality
Jean-Jacques Rousseau, from On the Social Contract

*Karl Marx, from Estranged Labour
Karl Marx and Friedrich Engels, from Manifesto of the Communist Party
*Karl Marx, from Critique of the Gotha Program
John Rawls, from A Theory of Justice
Robert Nozick, from Anarchy, State, and Utopia

Economic Equality
Kai Nielsen, "Egalitarian Justice: Equality as a Goal and Equality as a Right"
John Hospers "What Libertarianism Is"
Ronald Dworkin, "Liberalism"
Charles Murray, from Losing Ground: American Social Policy, 1950-1980
Michael Tanner and Stephen Moore, "Why Welfare Pays"

Racial Equality
Chief Justice Earl Warren, Majority Opinion in Brown v. Board of Education
Justice Lewis Powell, Majority Opinion in Regents of the University of California v. Bakke
Antonin Scalia, "The Disease as a Cure"
Bernard R. Boxill, from Blacks and Social Justice
Thomas Sowell, "'Affirmative Action': A Worldwide Disaster"
Chief Justice William Rehnquist, Majority Opinion in Gratz v. Bollinger
Justice Sandra Day O'Connor, Majority Opinion in Grutter v. Bollinger

Immigration

*Immanuel Kant, from Perpetual Peace

*Garrett Hardin, from Living on a Lifeboat

*George Borjas, from Heaven's Door: Immigration Policy and the American Economy

*Michael Dummett, from On Immigration and Refugees

*Robert D. Putnam, from "E Pluribus Unum: Diversity and Community in the Twenty-First Century"

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