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Tokyo Rose / An American Patriot: A Dual Biography [NOOK Book]

Overview

Tokyo Rose / An American Patriot: A Dual Biography explores the parallel lives of World War II legend Tokyo Rose and a Japanese American woman named Iva Toguri. Trapped in Tokyo during the war and forced to broadcast on Japanese radio, Toguri nonetheless refused to renounce her U.S. citizenship and surreptitiously aided Allied POWs. Despite these patriotic actions, she foolishly identified herself to the press after the war as Tokyo Rose. An examination of U.S.-monitored English-language radio transcripts from ...

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Tokyo Rose / An American Patriot: A Dual Biography

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Overview

Tokyo Rose / An American Patriot: A Dual Biography explores the parallel lives of World War II legend Tokyo Rose and a Japanese American woman named Iva Toguri. Trapped in Tokyo during the war and forced to broadcast on Japanese radio, Toguri nonetheless refused to renounce her U.S. citizenship and surreptitiously aided Allied POWs. Despite these patriotic actions, she foolishly identified herself to the press after the war as Tokyo Rose. An examination of U.S.-monitored English-language radio transcripts from Japan between December 1941 and April 1942 shows only one innocuous broadcast by a female. Yet in April 1942, a news correspondent with the U.S. Navy reported that sailors in the Pacific cheater routinely listened to Tokyo Rose's propaganda.

This book assembles a collection of images from American pre-war popular culture that provided impetus for the legend. Frederick Close analyzes the wartime situation of servicemen, which caused their imaginations to create the mythical femme fatale, even though no Japanese announcer ever used the name "Tokyo Rose." Including interviews conducted over decades, Close also explores Toguri's character and decisions by placing her story and conviction for treason in the context of U.S. and Japanese racial views, Imperial Japan, and Cold War politics. Recent discoveries provide a fresh perspective on her sensational trial, the most expensive in U.S. history up to that time. Misguided strategy by Toguri's defense attorney and her deceptive testimony about a key event led to the jury's verdict as surely as the perjury suborned by prosecutors.

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Editorial Reviews

Publishers Weekly
Starred Review.

One of WWII's most sensational stories was that of Tokyo Rose: a Japanese radio propagandist who demoralized American soldiers with stories of their wives' infidelity and impossibly accurate knowledge of U.S. troop movements. The Tokyo Rose story thrilled and horrified Americans, especially when an American citizen, Iva Toguri, was arrested for being the nefarious broadcaster-the problem, the U.S. government soon realized, was that Toguri was forced into the position of propagandist, had not actually broken any laws, and had even helped American POWs. Still, public opinion demanded that they prosecute, and she was ultimately convicted of treason. By treating Tokyo Rose, the Pacific legend, and Iva Toguri, the American citizen trapped by circumstance, as separate people, Close reaches into the heart of Cold War tension. Meticulously researched, Close's case explains not only why Toguri was not a traitor, but also why the American people, in a time of desperation, needed to believe she was. The result will prove compelling and readable for those interested in the Pacific theater, propaganda studies, or the history of the Cold War; though lengthy, Close makes his 500-plus pages worthwhile with a rich sense of context and detailed notes.

Nichi Bei Weekly
Close's skill as a storyteller compels one to keep reading.
Booklist
Dubbed a dual biography, this personal history parallels the legend of the infamous—and largely fictitious—Tokyo Rose with the true story of American patriot Iva Toguri. Tried and wrongly convicted of treason, Toguri, an unfortunate victim of time and circumstances, deserves another day in the court of public opinion. Close gives his subject her due by interweaving the straightforward facts of her life with the fanciful mythology of Tokyo Rose. World War II buffs will appreciate this attempt to set the record straight.
Choice
Close sets out to tell a 'dual biography' that compares and combines the 'lives' of Iva Toguri, a Japanese American who found herself trapped in Japan after the bombing of Pearl Harbor and eventually became a broadcaster for the Zero Hour program produced by Radio Tokyo, and Tokyo Rose, the fictive temptress whose radio propaganda aimed to undermine US soldiers' morale in the Pacific. Presenting a thorough accounting of both Toguri and Tokyo Rose from their respective 'births' on, Close explores how a variety of forces—including racial hostilities exacerbated by the war, curiosity about the 'true' identity of Tokyo Rose, increasing Cold War tensions, and even Toguri's ambition and nalveté—all helped to forever connect Toguri, no matter how unfairly, to the treasonous (though fictional) broadcaster. Close covers his subject in exacting...detail....Though Tokyo Rose has received a good deal of scholarly attention, Close's very accessible book provides a meticulous history that presents intriguing insights and raises new questions through its novel approach. Summing Up: Recommended.
CHOICE
Close sets out to tell a 'dual biography' that compares and combines the 'lives' of Iva Toguri, a Japanese American who found herself trapped in Japan after the bombing of Pearl Harbor and eventually became a broadcaster for the Zero Hour program produced by Radio Tokyo, and Tokyo Rose, the fictive temptress whose radio propaganda aimed to undermine US soldiers' morale in the Pacific. Presenting a thorough accounting of both Toguri and Tokyo Rose from their respective 'births' on, Close explores how a variety of forces—including racial hostilities exacerbated by the war, curiosity about the 'true' identity of Tokyo Rose, increasing Cold War tensions, and even Toguri's ambition and nalveté—all helped to forever connect Toguri, no matter how unfairly, to the treasonous (though fictional) broadcaster. Close covers his subject in exacting...detail....Though Tokyo Rose has received a good deal of scholarly attention, Close's very accessible book provides a meticulous history that presents intriguing insights and raises new questions through its novel approach. Summing Up: Recommended.
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Product Details

Meet the Author

Frederick P. Close is a founder of the non-profit Southwest Center for Educational Television. He has spearheaded the production of 76 ethnographic documentaries produced throughout the United States, Mexico, and Puerto Rico and broadcast in four season-long series by the Public Broadcasting Service (PBS) and National Public Radio (NPR), as well as selected commercial television, radio, and cable channels in the United States, Canada, and Latin America.
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Table of Contents

Editor's Foreword

Acknowledgments xi

Introduction xiii

1 Baseball Paths and Two-Lane Blacktops: Youth at Full Speed (1916-1940) 1

2 A Fateful Letter in Failing Light (1940-1941) 27

3 Tokyo Rose: Origins of the Legend (Prewar) 41

4 Collision with Japan: Before Pearl Harbor (1941) 67

5 At War and on Her Own (1942) 83

6 The Toguris Back Home: Internment (1942-1945) 107

7 Barely Surviving: A Typist at Radio Tokyo (1943) 133

8 A New Career in Broadcasting: Zero Hour (1943-1944) 155

9 Tokyo Rose: The Legend of the Radio Siren (Wartime) 181

10 Black Marketeer: The Destruction of Imperial Japan (1944) 215

11 War's End (1945) 241

12 The Scoop (1945) 255

13 CIC and FBI Investigations: Exoneration and Release (1946-1947) 275

14 Into the Cold War: A Furor Grows (1947-1948) 297

15 The Perjurors: The FBI at Work (1948-1949) 321

16 The Prosecution: United States v. Tokyo Rose (1949) 357

17 The Defense: Iva Toguri v. Tokyo Rose (1949) 391

18 The Verdict: United States v. Iva Toguri (1949) 437

19 Alderson Federal Reformatory: Failed Appeals (1950-1959) 447

20 The Quest for a Pardon (1960-2006) 479

Epilogue 505

Appendix: The Indictment 509

Bibliography 511

Index 515

About the Author 521

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Customer Reviews

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  • Anonymous

    Posted September 29, 2013

    Madi

    can i play

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