Most of what we know about tornadoes meteorologists learned in the 1950s, but there is still a lot to learn. They are the third largest cause of weather related deaths in the U.S. Countries all over the world experience tornadoes including Australia and Bangladesh. In the United States there is a strip of land called "Tornado Alley" which covers eighteen states, including Texas, a state that averages 125 tornados per year. Tornadoes can be seen in many different shapes and sizes, but they function the same. They last anywhere from five to thirty minutes on average. Today's technology helps to forecast tornadoes and increase warning time. Storm chasers gather information and take photographs. A tornado can cause destruction from wind, items it carries away, hail and lightening. Mobile homes are the most vulnerable. In 2002, more than half of all tornado deaths in the United States were in mobile homes. In 1973 a meteorologist introduced the Fujita Scale rating tornadoes from an F-0 (weak) to F-5 (violent). The first recorded tornado was in 1091 in London, England. This book is part of the "Disaster Alert" series, and includes a glossary, index, and a tornado safety plan. 2004, Crabtree Publishing Company, Ages 9 to 12.
School Library Journal - School Library Journal
Gr 4-6-Information on natural phenomena for general-interest readers and report writers. On two-page spreads, the disaster is defined, early beliefs and myths about the phenomenon are discussed, causes examined, and types described. In addition, well-known occurrences in history are noted. Scientific advances in understanding and predicting the disasters are emphasized and tips on staying safe are offered. Each book ends with a related experiment (creating a volcano, duplicating a tornado's winds using a sealed jar filled with water and a few buttons or beads, etc.). Starting with the covers, the books contain many dramatic photographs as well as a number of diagrams, illustrations, and reproductions that are likely to attract youngsters. Layouts feature bordered pages, jagged-edged side boxes, colorful headings, and a variety of fonts. The "Natural Disasters" series (Chelsea House) covers the same information in a similar format. Seymour Simon has written a number of titles on natural phenomena for this audience, illustrated with stunning photos. These series titles will fit the bill in collections where the demand for information is high.-Ann Joslin, formerly at Erie County Public Library, PA Copyright 2005 Reed Business Information.