Totkv Mocvse/New Fire: Creek Folktales / Edition 1

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Totkv Mocvse/New Fire presents the work of Earnest Gouge, an important early Creek (Muskogee) author, and makes available for the first time-in Creel and English—the myths and legends of a major American Indian tribe.

In 1915, Earnest Gouge was encouraged by ethnographer John Reed Swanton to record Creek legends and myths. Gouge's manuscript lay in the National Anthropological Archives for eighty-five years until two Creek-speaking sisters, Margaret McKane Mauldin and Juanita McGirt, and linguist Jack B. Martin, began translating and editing the document. In Totkv Mocvse/New Fire, Gouge's stories appear in parallel format, with the Creek text alongside the English translation.

The stories cover many themes, from the humorous allegories of Rabbit, Wolf, and other personified animals, to hunting stories designed to frighten a nighttime audience in the woods. An insightful foreword by Craig Womack and Jack Martin's introduction frame the stories within Creek literature and history. Martin and Mauldin also provide brief introductions to each story, highlighting key elements of Creek culture.

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Product Details

  • ISBN-13: 9780806136295
  • Publisher: University of Oklahoma Press
  • Publication date: 6/30/2004
  • Language: Creek
  • Edition description: New Edition
  • Edition number: 1
  • Pages: 160
  • Product dimensions: 11.06 (w) x 8.60 (h) x 0.49 (d)

Meet the Author

Earnest Gouge (ca. 1865-1955) was a full-blood Creek (Muskogee) born in Indian Territory. A natural storyteller, Gouge, like his adoptive father, later turned to the ministry but never neglected Creek ceremonial ways.

Jack B. Martin is Director of Linguistics and Robert F. and Sarah M. Boyd Associate Professor of English at the College of William and Mary, and coauthor, with Margaret Mauldin, of A Dictionary of Creek/Muskogee.

Margaret McKane Mauldin is a fluent Creek speaker and Instructor in the University of Oklahoma's Anthropology Department.

Craig S. Womack is Associate Professor in the English Department at Emory University, author of Drowning in Fire: A Novel and Red on Red: Native American Literary Separatism, and coauthor of Reasoning Together: The Native Critics Collective.

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Table of Contents

About Earnest Gouge
Creek alphabet
1 The three brothers and the spotted horse
2 The hunter and his dogs
3 Tug-of-war between tie-snakes
4 The hunters' wives
5 The stork father
6 Rabbit steals fire
7 Turtle is beaten by three mothers
8 Rabbit rides Wolf
9 Turtle races Wolf
10 The young man who turned into a snake
11 Man defeats a giant lizard
12 Man races a snake
13 Rabbit traps lion on the other side of the ocean
14 Rabbit seeks wisdom from God
15 Two boys become thunder
16 Tiger helps man defeat a giant lizard
17 Rabbit tries to straighten riverbeds
18 Twisted Horn steals man's heart
19 Old dog saves master from Long Claws
20 Doe killed by hunter, becomes his wife
21 Buzzard doctors Rabbit
22 Cow wants a knife
23 Hunter captured by Eagle
24 Whistling man helps hunter
25 Hunter taken to the deer cave
26 Man races a lizard
27 Turtle tries to look up women's dresses
28 Wolf wants to become spotted
29 Girl abducted by Lion
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