Tournament of Shadows: The Great Game And the Race for Empire in Central Asia / Edition 1

Tournament of Shadows: The Great Game And the Race for Empire in Central Asia / Edition 1

by Karl E. Meyer, Shareen Blair Brysac

In this updated edition, the authors reflect on Central Asia's history since the end of the Russo-Afghan war, and particularly in the wake of 9/11.See more details below


In this updated edition, the authors reflect on Central Asia's history since the end of the Russo-Afghan war, and particularly in the wake of 9/11.

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Basic Books
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New Edition
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6.00(w) x 8.90(h) x 1.90(d)

Table of Contents

The Great Game and the Race for Empire in Central Asia

Prologue: The View from the Khyber

Chapter One: The Horse Doctor

William Moorcroft, Britain's first veterinarian - He is hired by the East India Company to improve the breed - Moorcroft searches for better horses - His travels to Tibet with Hyder Young Hearsey - A dog's suspicious tricks - They explore the sacred Lake Manasarovar and Mount Kailas in Tibet - Their imprisonment and escape from the Gurkhas

Chapter Two: A River Too Far

Moorcroft's Great Expedition, with George Trebeck - He meets and treats Ranjit Singh, the Lion of Lahore - Moorcoft and Trebeck reach Ladakh - More Russian tracks - They proceed to Kashmir, the Khyber, and Kabul in Afghanistan - Their caravan eludes the Uzbek chief Murad Beg - They enter Bokhara and see its Emir - Death at Andkhoi (1825)

Chapter Three: The Road to Kabul

Lady Butler's famous painting, The Remnants of an Army, depicting Dr. Brydon, sole Briton to complete the retreat from Kabul - Charles Metcalfe, as acting Governor-General of the East India Company, frees the press - His successor, Lord Auckland, arrives with his clever sister, Emily Eden - At Simla, the hatching of the First Afghan War - Josiah Harlan, the fighting American Quaker - Eldred Pottinger, undercover hero at the Persian siege at Herat - Charles Masson, deserter, spy, antiquarian

Chapter Four: "Here Comes the Messenger"

The meteoric ascent of Alexander Burnes - He becomes "Bokhara" Burnes - His failed mission to Kabul - Russia's Captain Ivan Vitkevich arrives - Burnes returns, Army of the Indus assembles and advances through Bolan Pass - The fall of Ghazni, Dost Mohammed flees Kabul - Shah Shuja enthroned by triumphant British - A long occupation - Burnes is murdered, John Macnaghten's death follows - The disastrous retreat - William Brydon stumbles into Jalalabad (1842) - Lord Palmerston and John Bright differ on who was responsible

Chapter Five: The Russians Are Coming

Frederick Jackson Turner and the frontier mystique - Russia's phenomenal expansion, and Europe's apprehensions - Tsarist conquests in Siberia, the Caucasus, then Central Asia - The slave markets of Bokhara - Charles Stoddart and Arthur Conolly end up in the Emir of Bokhara's bug-pit - Dr. Joseph Wolff's solo rescue effort - The Crimean War (1853-56), its causes and consequences - Tolstoy's anger, and Dmitrii Miliutin's military reforms

Chapter Six: The Raj Imperiled

The misnamed Indian Mutiny (1857-58), also known as India's First War of Independence - An Indian heroine, the Rani of Jhansi - The outbreak at Meerut - The Rani's death, British vengeance - How the Punjab saved the Raj - The brothers John and Henry Lawrence - The relief of Lucknow - Russia's relentless advance - Two British responses: Henry Rawlinson's Forward School and John Lawrence's Masterly Inactivity - Enter the Americans, Eugene Schuyler and Januarius MacGahan - Khiva falls - "The Bulgarian Horrors" - Skobelev, the "White General" and the epic siege at Plevna - MacGahan's death (1878) - Dostoevsky's taunt

Chapter Seven: Bloomsbury's War

How Lytton and the brothers Strachey fought the Second Afghan War - Disraeli finds a bold and imaginative Viceroy - New alarms about Tsarist designs on Afghanistan - Lytton delivers an ultimatum to Sher Ali - Russia pulls backs as British armies advance on Kabul - Sher Ali flees, Afghans agree to accept a British Resident - Major Cavagnari is slain - General (Bobs) Roberts settles scores -- Abdur Rahman, a Russian pensioner, is "recognized" as Afghan Emir by British - The Battle of Maiwand (1880), and its aftermath

Chapter Eight: Her Majesty's Indian Secret Service

Kipling's Kim and its odd fan club - Mapping the Empire -Thomas Manning reaches Lhasa - The Survey of India and Everest's discovery - The Rawats become Pundits - Sarat Chandra Das and Lama Ugyen Gyatso, Tibet's clandestine explorers - Das reaches Lhasa (1882)- The Lhacham comes to his aid - A brutal epilogue

Chapter Nine: "A Carbine in One Hand, a Whip in the Other"

The apotheosis of the explorer - The Imperial Geographical Society and military intelligence - The ascent of Nikolai Przhevalsky - His first expedition - His successive prot�g�s - Back again in Asia, destination Lhasa - Acclaimed as Marco Polo's successor - He recruits Pyotr Kozlov on his last expedition (1883-85) - Chekhov's eulogy

Chapter Ten: Mystical Imperialism

The Tsarevich and Prince Ukhtomsky visit Ceylon (1891) - Mme. Helena P. Blavatsky (HPB), and her American consort, Colonel Olcott - Theosophy flourishes, HPB is the talk of Simla - Was she a spy? - Duleep Singh, Ranjit's son, loses his throne - Queen Victoria befriends the deposed and exiled Maharajah - He discovers he is not an English squire - He tries to reach India, is detained at Aden - In Petersburg, he seeks the Tsar's help - Duleep Singh sees his Queen for the last time (1891) - His unclaimed legacy in a Swiss bank vault

Chapter Eleven: Emissary to the White Tsar

Agvan Dorzhiev, Russian Buriat and freedom-seeker - He eludes the Raj's scrutiny en route from Lhasa to Petersburg - Dorzhiev as an adviser to the Great Thirteenth Dalai Lama - Ukhtomsky, Badmaev and the "Easterners" at the Tsar's court - The peregrinations of Agvan Dorzhiev and Ovshe Norzunov - Dorzhiev is sighted by the British in Odessa (1901) - The rise in Russia of Count Sergei Witte, apostle of railroads and expansion

Chapter Twelve: Curzon's Hour

Curzon's upbringing and character - The influence at Oxford of Balliol's Benjamin Jowett - Curzon's marriage to Mary Leiter of Chicago - The Viceroy's Tibetan anxieties - His suspicions about Dorzhiev - Curzon asks Francis Younghusband to lead Tibetan mission - Younghusband enters Lhasa (1904) - He is extracts an agreement, and is censured for exceeding orders - Curzon is humbled by Kitchener, and Brodrick, his schoolboy chum - Tibet is doubly the loser

Chapter Thirteen: The Desert Wanderer

Sven Hedin, Sweden's explorer nonpareil - The Royal Geographical Society, the high church of cartography - Hedin as tutor in Baku - His first expedition along the Silk Road - The "death march" through the Taklamakan Desert - Hedin heads for Tibet, defying Lord Morley's veto - His triumphant return, his meeting with the Tsar - The fateful RGS lecture (1909) - He attacks the Pundits - The bothersome matter of Hedin's maps - Colonel Thomas Holdich's critique - Hedin backs the Kaiser, to the limit, in World War I - He is excommunicated by the RGS

Chapter Fourteen: The Spoils of Serindia

Sir Aurel Stein, the civil servant as seeker and digger - His Hungarian origins and passage to India - His meeting with Curzon, and the first expedition - Stein befriends Macartney at Kashgar - The rediscovery of the ancient Silk Road - He crosses the Taklamakan, the deadliest desert - Germany's Albert Gr�nwedel and Albert von Le Coq join the scramble - Lord Minto approves Stein's second expedition: "Rejoice"

Chapter Fifteen: The Last of the "Foreign Devils"

Stein's epic second expedition (1906-07) - "The Caves of the Thousand Buddhas" at Dunhuang - Abbot Wang and the cache in Cave 17 - Espionage and archaeology, a silent partnership - Germany, France (Paul Pelliot) and Russia collide along the Silk Road - Russia's Pyotr Koslov finds Khara-Khoto - Harvard recruits Stein - Sir Aurel ignores warnings about New China - The fourth expedition's hapless finale - A death in Kabul, at the home of the U.S. Minister, Cornelius Engert (1943)

Chapter Sixteen: First Encounters of an American Kind

William Woodville Rockhill: diplomat, scholar, explorer and America's original China hand - He graduates from St. Cyr, serves in the Foreign Legion, ranches in New Mexico and studies Tibetan - He becomes Second Secretary in Peking - Rockhill's two Tibetan forays for the Smithsonian - Named as aide to Secretary of State John Hay - How the Open Door came about (1900) - Rockhill, as Theodore Roosevelt's envoy in Peking, befriends Thirteenth Dalai Lama - The road not taken

Chapter Seventeen: On the Playing Fields of Lhasa

"Play up! Play up! And play the game!" - Sir Henry Newbolt's lines and the Clifton schoolboy code - The Great War and its imperial toll - Two frontiersmen, F.M. ("Hatter") Bailey and Sir Charles Bell, - and the Tibetan dilemma - The failed Simla Conference - Bell's Tibetan mission (1920) - An American interloper, W.M. McGovern, reaches Lhasa - Were the British behind "the tom foolery on the part of Laden La, and others in Lhasa in 1924"?

Chapter Eighteen: The "Shambhala Project"

Russia's defeat by Japan (1905-06) abets rise of esoteric cults in St. Petersburg - Nicholas Roerich, artist and mystic - His triumphs for Diaghilev's Ballets Russes - He flees Bolshevik Petrograd, with wife and two sons - Roerich wins American backing for his Central Asian expedition - Via India to Mongolia - An undisclosed detour to Soviet Union - Tsarong Shap� bars party's progress, at Bailey's behest - Bailey entertains Roerichs at Gangtok (1928)

Chapter Nineteen: The Guru

The "Dear Guru" letters surface in 1948 - Henry Wallace refuses comment - His mystical streak, his devotion to Roerich - "The Plan" - Roerich leads Department of Agriculture mission to Asia (1934) - Quarrels with civil servants in Manchuria - Wallace backs Roerich - Approaches Mongolia, with Cossack escort - Wallace reconsiders, disowns Roerich - HAW becomes FDR's running mate (1940) - The Republicans acquire "Guru Letters" - FDR's counterstrokes - Roerich's death, and rehabilitation

Chapter Twenty - The Cousins Discover Tibet

Suydam Cutting, Kermit and Theodore Roosevelt Jr, explore Asia - Cutting stalks bigger game: Lhasa - Dachshunds for the Dalai Lama - "The Room" - An American is welcomed in Tibet (1935) - A Briton dies - Cutting returns to Lhasa with his wife, Helen (1937) - The outbreak of World War II - Franklin D. Roosevelt seeks a spy service - Churchill looks to the cousins - The rise of Donovan and the OSS

Chapter Twenty-One - Swastikas to Lhasa

Hitler (successfully) courts Hedin - He opens the Nazi Olympics -Heinrich Himmler, the occult and Tibet's "Aryans" - Ernst Schëfer leads SS mission to Lhasa - Himmler overcomes British objections - Schëfer is invited to Lhasa (1938-39) - His feuds with Hugh Richardson - He tries to adopt his Nepalese interpreter - He wins Death's Head Ring from Himmler - Botched Nazi plans in Afghanistan - Hedin lends his name to an SS research - Central Asian prisoners are gassed, their skulls measured - The fate of Hedin, and his maps

Chapter Twenty-Two: High Mischief

The unreported siege at Peterson Field, Colorado (1961) - The origins of the CIA's Tibetan operation - The forerunners: Ilia Tolstoy and Brooke Dolan - Tolstoy's love of horses - He fights with the Whites against the Reds - Dolan's early years as an Asian explorer - The first expedition with Ernst Schëfer (1931-32) - Back in Tibetan borderlands (1934-35) - Dolan's heroic trek - He joins the Army Air Force after Pearl Harbor - Donovan approves the Tolstoy-Dolan mission to Lhasa (1942-43) - A signed FDR photo for the young Fourteenth Dalai Lama - A peace conference set is proposed - Return to the Chinese labyrinth - Dolan joins U.S. Military Observer Group in Yenan - He rescues U.S. fliers - His death (1945) - China invades Tibet - The CIA's FitzGerald promotes training of Tibetan guerrillas - Airdrops from Nepal - After opening to China, U.S. ends political support for Tibet (1974)

Epilogue: The Owl of Minerva

Lunch with H.V. Hodson at the Reform Club - The origins of Washington's strategic ties with Pakistan - The role of Sir Olaf Caroe in defining India's North-East Frontier - Nehru's adoption of the McMahon Line and claim to Aksai Chin - India's China War (1962) and its results - Sir Halford Mackinder defines the Heartland (1904) - The concept is embraced by America's James Burnham (1947) - The Central Intelligence Agency as heir to the Raj's secret service - The limits of Stalin's realism - Envoi

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