Toussaint's Clause: The Founding Fathers and the Haitian Revolution

Toussaint's Clause: The Founding Fathers and the Haitian Revolution

by Gordon S. Brown
     
 

ISBN-10: 1578067111

ISBN-13: 9781578067114

Pub. Date: 02/01/2005

Publisher: University Press of Mississippi

In its formative years, America, birthplace of a revolution, wrestled with a volatile dilemma. John Adams, Thomas Jefferson, Alexander Hamilton, and many other founding fathers clashed. What was to be the new republic's strategy toward a revolution roiling just off its shores?

From 1790 to 1810, the disagreement reverberated far beyond Caribbean waters and

…  See more details below

Overview

In its formative years, America, birthplace of a revolution, wrestled with a volatile dilemma. John Adams, Thomas Jefferson, Alexander Hamilton, and many other founding fathers clashed. What was to be the new republic's strategy toward a revolution roiling just off its shores?

From 1790 to 1810, the disagreement reverberated far beyond Caribbean waters and American coastal ports. War between France and Britain, the great powers of the time, raged on the seas and in Europe. America watched aghast as its trading partner Haiti, a rich hothouse of sugar plantations and French colonial profit, exploded in a rebellion led by former slave Toussaint L'Ouverture.

Toussaint's Clause: The Founding Fathers and the Haitian Revolution narrates the intricate history of one of America's early foreign policy balancing acts and one of the nation's defining moments. The supporters of Toussaint's rebellion against France at first engineered a bold policy of intervention in favor of the rebels. But Southern slaveholders, such as Jefferson, eyed the slave-general's rise and masterful leadership skills with extreme alarm and eventually obtained a reversal of the policy-even while taking advantage of the rebellion to make the fateful Louisiana purchase.

Far from petty, the internal squabbles among America's founders resolved themselves in delicate maneuvers in foreign capitals and on the island. The stakes were mortally high-a misstep could have plunged the new, weak, and neutral republic into the great powers' global war. In Toussaint's Clause, former diplomat and ambassador Gordon S. Brown details the founding fathers' crisis over Haiti and their rancorous struggle, which very often cut to the core of what America meant by revolution and liberty.

During a thirty-five-year Foreign Service career, Gordon S. Brown served mainly in the Middle East and North Africa including assignments as General Norman Schwarzkopf's political advisor in the first Gulf War and ambassador to Mauritania. Since his retirement, he has written Coalition, Coercion, and Compromise on the diplomacy of the first Gulf War and The Norman Conquest of Southern Italy and Sicily.

Read More

Product Details

ISBN-13:
9781578067114
Publisher:
University Press of Mississippi
Publication date:
02/01/2005
Edition description:
New Edition
Pages:
240
Product dimensions:
6.00(w) x 9.10(h) x 1.20(d)

Table of Contents

Forewordvii
Prefaceix
Introduction3
July 17908
St. Domingue23
White Cockade, Red Cockade45
The Cost of Neutrality66
Trouble with Britain89
Trouble with France106
Toussaint's Clause126
Creating a Quarantine144
The St. Domingo Station162
Jefferson Equivocates179
The Leclerc Expedition199
St. Domingo and Louisiana213
A Risky Trade229
The Clearance Act Debate245
The Trade Suspended263
Embargo and Neglect279
Epilogue292
Notes296
Bibliography310
Index317

Read More

Customer Reviews

Average Review:

Write a Review

and post it to your social network

     

Most Helpful Customer Reviews

See all customer reviews >