Toward More Sustainable Infrastructure: Project Evaluation for Planners and Engineers / Edition 1

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Toward More Sustainable Infrastructure: Project Evaluation for Planners and Engineers provides readers a framework for understanding and evaluating infrastructure projects to improve their performance and sustainability, taking into account not only the financial and economic issues, but also the social and environmental impacts that affect the sustainability of infrastructure.

Based on a course designed developed by the author over ten years at M.I.T., this text demonstrates how to apply the basic methods of engineering economics in evaluating major infrastructure projects and also demonstrates how these same techniques can be useful with many routine business and personal decisions. It introduces students to project management, system performance, concepts of sustainability, methods of engineering economics, and provides numerous case studies, examples, and exercises based upon real world problems.

This text fills a void in the education of many planners and engineering students, namely an understanding of why major infrastructure projects are undertaken, how they are structured and evaluated, and how they are financed. Toward More Sustainable Infrastructure: Project Evaluation for Planners and Engineers prepares readers to evaluate projects based upon an appreciation of the needs of society, the potential for sustainable development, and recognition of the problems that may result from poorly conceived or poorly implemented projects and programs.

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Product Details

  • ISBN-13: 9780470448762
  • Publisher: Wiley
  • Publication date: 2/22/2011
  • Edition description: New Edition
  • Edition number: 1
  • Pages: 500
  • Product dimensions: 8.10 (w) x 10.10 (h) x 0.90 (d)

Table of Contents


Chapter 1 Introduction.

1.1 Toward More Sustainable Infrastructure: Better Projects andBetter Programs.

1.2 Infrastructure Projects and Programs.

1.3 Evaluating Infrastructure Projects.

1.4 Infrastructure, Cities, and Civilization.

1.5 Overview of Project Evaluation.

1.6 Structure of the Textbook.


Chapter 2 System Performance.

2.1 Introduction to Performance of Infrastructure-BasedSystems.

2.2 System Cost.

2.3 Profitability, Break-Even Volume, and Return onInvestment.

2.4 Service.

2.5 Capacity.

2.6 Safety, Security, and Risk.

2.7 Cost Effectiveness.

2.8 Developing Cost and Revenue Functions for a 19th-CenturyCanal.

2.9 Summary.

Chapter 3 Basic Economic Concepts.

3.1 Introduction.

3.2 Supply and Demand.

3.3 Pricing.

3.4 Productivity.

3.5 Measuring and Improving the Economy.

3.6 Trade.

3.7 Making Decisions.

3.8 Summary.

Chapter 4 Public Perspective: Economic, Environmental, andSocial Concerns.

4.1 General Overview.

4.2 Benefit-Cost Analysis.

4.3 Economic Impacts: Measures Related to the Regional orNational Economy.

4.4 Environmental Impacts.

4.5 Social Impacts.

4.6 Summary.

Chapter 5 Comparing Strategies for Improving SystemPerformance.

5.1 Introduction.

5.2 Presenting All Results in Monetary Terms.

5.3 Net Present Value: Comparing Current and Future Costs andBenefits.

5.4 Measuring Cost Effectiveness.

5.5 Using Weighting Schemes in Multi-Criteria DecisionMaking.

5.6 Seeking Public Input.

5.7 Summary.

Chapter 6 The Panama Canal.

6.1 Introduction.

6.2 Early Routes Across the Isthmus.

6.3 The Panama Railroad.

6.4 The French Effort.

6.5 The U.S. Effort.

6.6 The Panama Canal in the 21st Century.


Chapter 7 Equivalence of Cash Flows.

7.1 Introduction.

7.2 Time Value of Money.

7.3 Equivalence Relationships.

7.4 Continuous Compounding: Nominal versus Effective InterestRates.

7.5 Financing Mechanisms.

7.6 The Use of Equivalence in Costing.

7.7 Case Study: Building an Office Tower in Manhattan.

7.8 Summary.

Chapter 8 Choosing A Discount Rate.

8.1 Introduction.

8.2 Related Financial Concepts.

8.3 Factors Affecting the Discount Rate.

8.4 Choosing a Discount Rate: Examples.

8.5 Dividing Up the Cash Flows of a Major Project.

8.6 Summary.

Chapter 9 Financial Assessment.

9.1 Introduction.

9.2 Maximizing Net Present Value.

9.3 Importance of the Project Life.

9.4 Does Discounting Ignore Future Catastrophes?

9.5 Internal Rate of Return.

9.6 External Rate of Return.

9.7 Constant Dollar versus Current Dollar Analysis.

9.8 Choosing among Independent Investment Options.

9.9 Choosing among Mutually Exclusive Projects.

9.10 Dealing with Unequal Lives of Competing Projects.

9.11 Splitting a Project into Pieces for Different Parties.

9.12 Summary.

Chapter 10 Rules of the Game: Taxes, Depreciation, andRegulation.

10.1 Introduction.

10.2 Depreciation and Taxes.

10.3 Land Use Regulations.

10.4 Building Codes and Other Safety Standards.

10.5 Environmental Regulations and Restrictions.

10.6 Summary.


Chapter 11 Developing a Strategy to Deal with a Problem.

11.1 Introduction.

11.2 Identifying Needs and Objectives.

11.3 Identifying Alternatives.

11.4 Dealing with Uncertainty When Assessing Alternatives.

11.5 Evaluating the Alternatives.

11.6 Pearl River Delta Case Study.

11.7 Summary.

Chapter 12 Public-Private Partnerships.

12.1 Introduction.

12.2 Principles of Public-Private Partnerships.

12.3 Creating a Framework for a Partnership.

12.4 Determining How Much to Invest.

12.5 Complementary Strengths of Public and Private Partners:Tempe Town Lake.

12.6 Public and Private Benefits: The Sheffield Flyover, KansasCity, Missouri.

12.7 Maximize Ability to Undertake Projects: Toronto’sHighway 407.

12.8 Public Investment to Stimulate the Economy: Province ofNewfoundland and Labrador's Investment in Offshore OilExploration.

12.9 Summary.

Chapter 13 Dealing with Risks and Uncertainties.

13.1 Introduction.

13.2 Modeling Performance: Simulation and Analytical Models.

13.3 How Best to Improve System Safety: Probabilistic RiskAssessment.

13.4 Performance-Based Technology Scanning.

13.5 Summary.

Chapter 14 Managing Projects and Programs.

14.1 Introduction.

14.2 Stages in Project Management.

14.3 Project Management Techniques.

14.4 Organizational Structure.

14.5 Managing Very Large Projects.

14.6 The Big Dig: Managing a Very Large, Politically ChargedProject.

14.7 Managing Programs.

14.8 The Interstate Highway System.

14.9 Summary.

Chapter 15 Toward More Sustainable Infrastructure.

15.1 Introduction.

15.2 Stages in the Evolution of Infrastructure-BasedSystems.

15.3 Skyscrapers and Building Booms.

15.4 Case Study: Evolution of the U.S. Rail System.

15.5 Twenty-First-Century Challenges: SustainableInfrastructure.

15.6 Upgrading Infrastructure: A Costing Framework.

15.7 Summary.

Chapter 16 Final Thoughts and Further Reading.

16.1 Introduction.

16.2 Key Lessons in Part I: Building Infrastructure to Serve theNeeds of Society.

16.3 Key Lessons for Part II: Comparing Economic and FinancialImpacts over the Life of Proposed Projects.

16.4 Key Lessons for Part III: Developing Projects and Programsto Deal with Problems and Opportunities.

16.5 Further Reading.

Appendix A Equivalence Tables.

Appendix B Equivalence Relationships for Uniform Gradients andGeometric Sequences.

B.1 The Role of Equivalence Factors in Evaluating InfrastructureProposals: Review.

B.2 Additional Equivalence Relationships: Uniform Gradients andGeometric Sequences.

B.3 Spreadsheets versus Tables.



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