Toxic Organic Chemicals in Porous Media

Paperback (Softcover reprint of the original 1st ed. 1989)
$104.81
BN.com price
(Save 18%)$129.00 List Price
Other sellers (Paperback)
  • All (4) from $79.70   
  • New (3) from $79.70   
  • Used (1) from $153.72   
Sending request ...

More About This Book

Product Details

  • ISBN-13: 9783642744709
  • Publisher: Springer Berlin Heidelberg
  • Publication date: 11/15/2011
  • Series: Ecological Studies Series , #73
  • Edition description: Softcover reprint of the original 1st ed. 1989
  • Edition number: 1
  • Pages: 343
  • Product dimensions: 6.14 (w) x 9.21 (h) x 0.75 (d)

Table of Contents

I: Overview of the Problem.- Introductory Comments.- 1 Dimensions of Ground Water Pollution: A Global Perspective.- 1.1 Water Management Misfortunes.- 1.2 The Emerging Perception of Quality Decline.- 1.3 Man’s Impact on Ground Water ’.- 1.4 A Current Assessment of Ground Water Pollution.- 1.5 Changing Patterns of Waste Disposal.- 1.6 Legislative Controls.- 1.7 The Cleanup.- 1.8 Public Perception.- 1.9 The Professional’s Responsibility to the Public.- 1.10 Reasonable Risk.- 1.11 The Future.- 2 Pollution Hazards from Toxic Organic Chemicals.- 2.1 Introduction.- 2.2 The Facts.- 2.2.1 Pesticides in Groundwater.- 2.2.2 Industrial Chemicals in Groundwater.- 2.2.3 Wastewater.- 2.2.4 Mathematical Modelling of Groundwater Contamination.- 2.3 Conclusions.- 2.4 Recommendations.- References.- II: Physicochemical and Biological Interactions with Porous Media.- Introductory Comments.- 3 Interactions of Toxic Organic Chemicals with Humic Substances.- 3.1 Introduction.- 3.2 Soil and Aquatic Humic Substances.- 3.2.1 Introduction.- 3.2.2 Interactive Properties of Humic Substances.- 3.3 Toxic Organic Chemicals.- 3.3.1 Pesticides.- 3.3.2 Polynuclear Aromatic Hydrocarbons.- 3.3.3 Phthalates.- 3.4 Evidence of Interactions of TOC with Humic Substances.- 3.4.1 Soil.- 3.4.2 Waters.- 3.4.3 Sediments.- 3.5 Modes of Interaction of Humic Substances with Toxic Organic Pollutants.- 3.5.1 Adsorption.- 3.5.2 Partitioning.- 3.5.3 Solubilization Effects.- 3.5.4 Hydrolysis Effects.- 3.5.5 Photosensitization.- 3.6 Conclusions and Recommendations.- References.- 4 Surface Interactions of Toxic Organic Chemicals with Minerals.- 4.1 Introduction.- 4.2 Relevant Properties of the Mineral Components of the Solid Phase.- 4.3 Interrelation Between Components of the Solid Phase.- 4.4 The Exchange Complex.- 4.5 Interrelations Between the Phases.- 4.6 Surface Enhanced Transformations.- 4.7 Factors Affecting Surface Interactions.- 4.7.1 Temperature.- 4.7.2 Moisture Content.- 4.7.3 Intrinsic Properties of the Solid Phase.- 4.7.4 The Composition of the Exchange Complex.- 4.7.5 Other Factors.- 4.8 Mechanisms and Kinetic Considerations.- 4.8.1 A Two Phase (Solid-Liquid) System in Which the Adsorption of the Reactant Follows a Linear Adsorption Isotherm.- 4.8.2 A Two Phase (Solid-Liquid) System in Which the Catalytically Active Surface Sites are Saturated with the Reactant.- 4.8.3 A Porous Medium not in Contact with a Free Liquid Phase.- 4.9 A Unified Description of Surface Interactions.- 4.10 Enzymatic Reactions.- 4.11 General Discussion and Conclusions.- References.- 5 Abiotic Transformations of Toxic Organic Chemicals in the Liquid Phase and Sediments.- 5.1 Introduction.- 5.2 Transformations in the Water Column.- 5.3 Transformations in Sediments.- 5.3.1 Hydrolysis.- 5.3.2 Redox Reactions.- 5.4 Transformations in Groundwaters.- 5.4.1 Hydrolysis.- 5.4.2 Redox Reactions.- 5.5 Future Direction.- References.- III: Pesticides in Porous Media.- Introductory Comments.- 6 Predicting the Mobility and Availability of Toxic Organic Chemicals.- 6.1 Introduction.- 6.2 Current Methods for Predicting Adsorption.- 6.3 Molecular Connectivity.- 6.4 MC-SAR Studies.- 6.5 The Need for Future Work.- 6.6 Summary.- References.- 7 Partition and Adsorption on Soil and Mobility of Organic Pollutants and Pesticides.- 7.1 Introduction.- 7.2 Sorption by Soil in Aqueous Systems.- 7.3 Sorption by Soil from Organic Solvents.- 7.4 Sorption by Soil from the Vapor Phase.- 7.5 Influence of Soil Sorption on Pollutant and Pesticide Activity.- References.- 8 Sorption and Transport of Organic Pollutants at Waste Disposal Sites.- 8.1 Introduction.- 8.2 Solubility in Complex Solvents.- 8.2.1 Solubility in Mixed Solvents.- 8.2.2 Solubility in Multi-Phasic Solvents.- 8.3 Sorption from Complex Solvents.- 8.3.1 Sorption from Mixed Solvents.- 8.3.2 Sorption from Biphasic Solvents.- 8.3.3 Sorption from Complex Solvents Containing PMOS and CMOS.- 8.4 Sorption from Aqueous Solutions of Multi-Sorbate Mixtures.- 8.5 Transport in the Presence of Complex Solvents.- 8.5.1 Transport in Mixed Solvents.- 8.5.2 Transport in Biphasic Solvents.- 8.5.3 Transport in Miscible and Immiscible Solvents.- 8.6 Transport of Mixtures of Organic Pollutants.- References.- 9 Accelerated Degradation of Pesticides.- 9.1 Introduction.- 9.2 Accelerated Degradation of Pesticides.- 9.3 Assessment of Accelerated Degradation.- 9.4 Mechanisms of Accelerated Degradation.- 9.5 Persistence of Accelerated Degradation.- 9.6 Cross Accelerated Degradation.- 9.7 Control and Management of Accelerated Degradation.- 9.8 Conclusions and Prospects.- References.- IV: Petroleum Hydrocarbons.- Introductory Comments.- 10 On the Behavior of Petroleum Hydrocarbons in the Unsaturated Zone: Abiotic Aspects.- 10.1 Introduction.- 10.2 Properties of the Interacting Materials.- 10.2.1 Crude Oils and Petroleum Products.- 10.3 Partitioning Between Gaseous, Aqueous, and Solid Phases.- 10.3.1 Migration into the Gaseous Phase.- 10.3.2 Dissolution in the Water Phase.- 10.3.3 Retention by the Solid Phase.- 10.4 Surface Degradation.- 10.5 Multiphase Transport.- 10.6 Conclusions.- References.- 11 Transport of Organic Pollutants in a Multiphase System.- 11.1 Introduction.- 11.2 Classification of LH According to Contamination Criteria.- 11.3 Introduction of the Pollutant into the Subsurface Water.- 11.4 Migration of LHin the Unsaturated Zone.- 11.5 Migration of LH in the Saturated Zone.- 11.6 Modelling Procedures.- 11.6.1 Gross Control Volumes.- 11.6.2 Differential Control Volumes Referring to the Whole Flow Field.- 11.6.3 Differential Control Volumes Referring to Various Parts of the Flow Field.- 11.7 Determination of the Flow Field Characteristics.- 11.8 Practical Aspects.- References.- 12 Biochemical Aspects of Hydrocarbon Biodegradation in Sediments and Soils.- 12.1 Introduction.- 12.2 Biochemical Considerations.- 12.3 Application of Results of Biochemical Considerations.- 12.4 Laboratory Experiments with Fresh Marine Sediment.- 12.5 Laboratory Experiments with a Standardized and Inoculated Sediment Mixture.- 12.6 Anaerobic Degradation.- 12.7 Hydrocarbon Biodegradation in Soils.- 12.8 Conclusions.- References.- V: Restoration of the Unsaturated Zone and Groundwater.- Introductory Comments.- 13 Manipulation of the Vadose Zone to Enhance Toxic Organic Chemical Removal.- 13.1 Introduction.- 13.2 Physical Methods.- 13.2.1 Leaching.- 13.2.2 Enhanced Volatilization.- 13.2.3 Electrokinetics.- 13.3 Chemical Methods.- 13.4 Biological Methods.- 13.4.1 Stimulation of Native Organisms.- 13.4.2 Addition of Altered Organisms.- 13.5 Conclusions and Future Research Needs.- References.- 14 The Relative Importance of pH, Charge, and Water Solubility on the Movement of Organic Solutes in Soils and Ground Water.- 14.1 Introduction.- 14.2 Experimental.- 14.2.1 Overview of the Injection Site.- 14.2.2 Properties of the Ogallala Aquifer near Stanton, Texas.- 14.2.3 Design and Construction of Injection and Observation Wells.- 14.2.4 Experimental Sequence.- 14.2.5 Solute or Tracer Addition and Observation Well Sampling.- 14.2.6 On Site Analyses in the Mobile Laboratory.- 14.2.7 Laboratory Analyses.- 14.3 Hypotheses to be Tested.- 14.4 Results and Discussion.- 14.5 Conclusions.- References.- 15 Phohemical Inactivation of Organic Pollutants from Water.- 15.1 Introduction.- 15.1.1 Dye-Sensitized Photooxidation Reactions.- 15.2 Phohemical Inactivation of Industrial Organic Pollutants.- 15.2.1 Photolysis of Uracil Derivatives.- 15.2.2 Photolysis of s-Triazine Derivatives.- 15.2.3 Photolysis of Anilide Derivatives.- 15.3 Phohemical Inactivation of Biological Pollutants.- 15.3.1 Laboratory Experiments.- 15.3.2 Pilot Plant Experiments.- 15.4 Summary and Conclusions.- References.- 16 Restoration of Aquifers Polluted with Hydrocarbons.- 16.1 Introduction.- 16.2 The Water Works “Durlacher Wald”.- 16.3 Treatment Results.- 16.4 Microbiological Aspects of the Treatment Used.- 16.5 Summary and Conclusions.- References.

Read More Show Less

Customer Reviews

Be the first to write a review
( 0 )
Rating Distribution

5 Star

(0)

4 Star

(0)

3 Star

(0)

2 Star

(0)

1 Star

(0)

Your Rating:

Your Name: Create a Pen Name or

Barnes & Noble.com Review Rules

Our reader reviews allow you to share your comments on titles you liked, or didn't, with others. By submitting an online review, you are representing to Barnes & Noble.com that all information contained in your review is original and accurate in all respects, and that the submission of such content by you and the posting of such content by Barnes & Noble.com does not and will not violate the rights of any third party. Please follow the rules below to help ensure that your review can be posted.

Reviews by Our Customers Under the Age of 13

We highly value and respect everyone's opinion concerning the titles we offer. However, we cannot allow persons under the age of 13 to have accounts at BN.com or to post customer reviews. Please see our Terms of Use for more details.

What to exclude from your review:

Please do not write about reviews, commentary, or information posted on the product page. If you see any errors in the information on the product page, please send us an email.

Reviews should not contain any of the following:

  • - HTML tags, profanity, obscenities, vulgarities, or comments that defame anyone
  • - Time-sensitive information such as tour dates, signings, lectures, etc.
  • - Single-word reviews. Other people will read your review to discover why you liked or didn't like the title. Be descriptive.
  • - Comments focusing on the author or that may ruin the ending for others
  • - Phone numbers, addresses, URLs
  • - Pricing and availability information or alternative ordering information
  • - Advertisements or commercial solicitation

Reminder:

  • - By submitting a review, you grant to Barnes & Noble.com and its sublicensees the royalty-free, perpetual, irrevocable right and license to use the review in accordance with the Barnes & Noble.com Terms of Use.
  • - Barnes & Noble.com reserves the right not to post any review -- particularly those that do not follow the terms and conditions of these Rules. Barnes & Noble.com also reserves the right to remove any review at any time without notice.
  • - See Terms of Use for other conditions and disclaimers.
Search for Products You'd Like to Recommend

Recommend other products that relate to your review. Just search for them below and share!

Create a Pen Name

Your Pen Name is your unique identity on BN.com. It will appear on the reviews you write and other website activities. Your Pen Name cannot be edited, changed or deleted once submitted.

 
Your Pen Name can be any combination of alphanumeric characters (plus - and _), and must be at least two characters long.

Continue Anonymously

    If you find inappropriate content, please report it to Barnes & Noble
    Why is this product inappropriate?
    Comments (optional)