Trace Analysis of Specialty and Electronic Gases [NOOK Book]

Overview

This book provides analytical and industrial chemists with up-to-date coverage of the advances in measurement technology in gas analysis. It covers the introduction, theory, and operating principles of a wide range of instrumental techniques used in specialty gas analysis, including ICP-MS Analysis, FTIR techniques, new online sensor technologies, moisture analysis, gas chromatographic considerations, and gas mixtures and standards. The book also provides measurement strategies for gases in which none currently ...
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Trace Analysis of Specialty and Electronic Gases

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Overview

This book provides analytical and industrial chemists with up-to-date coverage of the advances in measurement technology in gas analysis. It covers the introduction, theory, and operating principles of a wide range of instrumental techniques used in specialty gas analysis, including ICP-MS Analysis, FTIR techniques, new online sensor technologies, moisture analysis, gas chromatographic considerations, and gas mixtures and standards. The book also provides measurement strategies for gases in which none currently exist. Finally the book covers a wide range of practical applications of gas analysis including advantages, problems, and pitfalls.
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Product Details

  • ISBN-13: 9781118642573
  • Publisher: Wiley, John & Sons, Incorporated
  • Publication date: 7/15/2013
  • Sold by: Barnes & Noble
  • Format: eBook
  • Edition number: 1
  • Pages: 386
  • File size: 10 MB

Table of Contents

List of Figures xiii

List of Tables xxix

Foreword xxxiii

Acknowledgments xxxv

Acronyms xxxvii

1 Introduction to Gas Analysis: Past and Future 1
Suhas N. Ketkar

1.1 The Beginning 2

1.2 Gas Chromatography 5

1.3 Ion Chromatography 9

1.4 Mass Spectrometry 9

1.5 Ion Mobility Spectrometry 11

1.6 Optical Spectroscopy 11

1.7 Metals Analysis 12

1.8 Species Specific Analyzers 13

1.9 Sensors 16

1.10 Future 16

References 17

2 Sample Preparation and ICP–MS Analysis of Gases for Metals 21
Tracey Jacksier, Kohei Tarutani and Martine Carre

2.1 Introduction 21

2.2 Extraction of Impurities Before Analysis 22

2.3 Direct Analysis of ESGs 34

2.4 Conclusion 40

References 41

3 Novel Improvements in FTIR Analysis of Specialty Gases 43
Barbara Marshik and Jorge E. Pérez

3.1 Gas Phase Analysis Using FTIR Spectroscopy 43

3.2 Gas Phase Effects on Spectral Line Shape 44

3.3 Effects that Greatly Impact Quantification 55

3.4 Future Applications 68

References 69

4 Emerging Infrared Laser Absorption Spectroscopic Techniques for Gas Analysis 71
Frank K. Tittel, Rafal Lewicki, Robert Lascola and Scott McWhorter

4.1 Introduction 71

4.2 Laser Absorption Spectroscopic Techniques 72

4.3 Applications of Semiconductor LAS Based Trace Gas Sensor

Systems 88

4.4 Conclusions and Future Trends 99

References 100

5 Atmospheric Pressure Ionization Mass Spectrometry for Bulk and Electronic Gas Analysis 111
Daniel R. Chase and Glenn M. Mitchell

5.1 Introduction 111

5.2 APIMS Operating Principle 112

5.3 Point-to-Plane Corona Discharge Ionization 113

5.4 Factors Affecting Sensitivity in Point-to-Plane Corona Discharge APIMS 114

5.5 Applications of Point-to-Plane Corona Discharge APIMS in Bulk and Electronic Gases 120

5.6 63Ni Beta (β) Emitter APIMS 132

5.7 Specialty Gas Analysis Application: Determination of Oxygenated Impurities in High Purity Ammonia 136

5.8 Conclusion 144

References 144

6 GC/MS, GC/AED, and GC–ICP–MS Analysis of Electronic Specialty Gases 151
Daniel Cowles, MarkW. Raynor andWilliam M. Geiger

6.1 Introduction 151

6.2 GC/MS 153

6.3 GC/AED 164

6.4 GC–ICP–MS 173

6.5 Conclusions 191

References 191

7 Trace Water Vapor Analysis in Specialty Gases: Sensor and Spectroscopic Approaches 195
Mark W. Raynor, Kris A. Bertness, Kevin C. Cossel, Florian Adler and Jun Ye

7.1 Introduction 195

7.2 Primary Standards for Water Vapor Measurement 197

7.3 Sensor Technologies 200

7.4 Spectroscopic Methods 211

7.5 Conclusion 239

References 240

8 Gas Chromatographic Column Considerations 251
Daron Decker and Leonard M. Sidisky

8.1 Column Considerations with Packed Columns 252

8.2 Primary Selection Criteria for Capillary Columns 258

8.3 Applications 263

8.4 Future 272

8.5 Conclusion 272

References 273

9 Gas Mixtures and Standards 275
Stephen Vaughan

9.1 Introduction 275

9.2 Definition of Gas Standards 276

9.3 Cylinders and Valves Sizes, Types, and Material Compositions 280

9.4 Preparation Techniques for Gas Standards 284

9.5 Pressure Restrictions and Compressibility Considerations 290

9.6 Multi-Component Standards General Considerations 292

9.7 Cylinder Standard Stability Consideration 293

9.8 Liquefied Compressed Gas Standards Preparation Differences and Uses 295

9.9 Cylinder Standard Alternatives 297

9.10 Dilution Devices and Calibration Uses 297

References 299

A Cylinder and Specialized Fittings 301

A.1 Cylinder Fittings 301

A.2 Specialized Fittings 310

B Materials of Construction 321

B.1 Tubing, Transfer Lines and Other Hardware 322

B.1.1 Valves 330

B.2 FTIR Materials 332

B.2.1 O-rings/Gaskets 334

B.2.2 Cells/Mirrors 334

Index 337

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