Trade-offs in Conservation: Deciding What to Save / Edition 1

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Trade-offs are very commonly made in conservation. Inevitably, conservation action involves choices, between the populations of different species and the states of various ecosystems, between preservation and transformation by economic forces, between the needs of people and those of other species, between the interests of some people over others. However, conservationists are often slow to recognize trade-offs, and reluctant to draw attention to them or see them widely discussed. Does this matter? The answer to that question depends on what biodiversity is lost because of the trade-offs that conservationists make.

This book aims to show that trade-offs can be very important indeed for conservationists. Its various chapters show how and why trade-offs are made, and why conservationists need to think very hard about what, if anything, to do about them. The book argues that conservationists must carefully weigh up, and be explicit about, the trade-offs that they make every day in deciding what to save.

This volume will be of interest to policy-makers, researchers, practitioners and postgraduate students who are concerned about making decisions that include recognition of trade-offs in conservation planning.

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Editorial Reviews

From the Publisher
"It will, however, find a ready market amongst top undergraduate and postgraduate students as it is a compendium of good summary facts, definitions and diagrams with some superlative introductory expositions. For the same reasons I suspect most lecturers in conservation biology will want a book on their shelves." (Biological Conservation Reviewers, 2011)
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Product Details

  • ISBN-13: 9781405193849
  • Publisher: Wiley
  • Publication date: 10/11/2010
  • Series: Conservation Science and Practice Series, #8
  • Edition number: 1
  • Pages: 432
  • Product dimensions: 6.10 (w) x 9.30 (h) x 1.10 (d)

Meet the Author

Nigel Leader-Williams became Director of Conservation Leadership, based in the Department of Geography at the University of Cambridge, in 2009. Previously he was Director of the Durrell Institute of Conservation and Ecology at the University of Kent. His research focuses on sustainable resource use and human-wildlife conflict.

William M. Adams is Moran Professor of Conservation and Development. He is based in the Department of Geography at the University of Cambridge, where he has taught since 1984. His research focuses on the social dimensions of conservation in Africa and the UK. He is a Trustee of Fauna and Flora International.

Robert J. Smith is a Research Fellow at the Durrell Institute of Conservation and Ecology at the University of Kent. His research interests include protected area network design, conservation and corruption, and the influence of marketing in conservation.

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Table of Contents

Contributors ix

Preface and Acknowledgments xxv

Introduction 1

1 Deciding What to Save: Trade-offs in Conservation Nigel Leader-Williams William M. Adams Robert J. Smith 3

Part I Current Approaches and Toolkits 15

2 Prioritizing Trade-offs in Conservation Kerrie A. Wilson Michael Bode Hedley Grantham Hugh P. Possingham 17

3 Trade-offs in Identifying Global Conservation Priority Areas William Murdoch Michael Bode Jon Hoekstra Peter Kareiva Steve Polasky Hugh P. Possingham Kerrie A. Wilson 35

4 Trade-offs in Making Ecosystem Services and Human Well-being Conservation Priorities Rebecca L. Goldman Gretchen C. Daily Peter Kareiva 56

5 Defining and Measuring Success in Conservation Valerie Kapos Andrea Manica Rosalind Aveling Philip Bubb Peter Carey Abigail Entwistle John Hopkins Teresa Mulliken Roger Safford Alison Stattersfield Matthew J. Walpole Andrew Balmford 73

Part II Influence of Value Systems 95

6 Conserving Invertebrates: How Many can be Saved, and How? Michael J. Samways 97

7 Trade-offs between Animal Welfare and Conservation in Law and Policy Stuart R. Harrop 118

8 Protection or Use: a Case of Nuanced Trade-offs? Alison M. Rosser Nigel Leader-Williams 135

9 Whose Value Counts? Trade-offs between Biodiversity Conservation and Poverty Reduction Dilys Roe Matthew J. Walpole 157

10 The Power of Traditions in Conservation Katherine M. Homewood 175

Part III Economics and Governance 195

11 Misaligned Incentives and Trade-offs in Allocating Conservation Funding Aaron Bruner Eduard T. Niesten Richard E. Rice 197

12 Marketing and Conservation: How to Lose Friends and Influence People Robert J. Smith Diogo VerĂ­ssimo Douglas C. MacMillan 215

13 Trade-offs between Conservation and Extractive Industries Manuel Pulgar-Vidal Bruno Monteferri Juan Luis Dammert 233

14 A Fighting Chance: can Conservation Create a Platform for Peace within Cycles of Human Conflict? Rosalind Aveling Helen Anthem Annette Lanjouw 253

Part IV Social and Institutional Constraints 273

15 Trading-off 'Knowing' versus 'Doing' for Effective Conservation Planning Andrew T. Knight Richard M. Cowling 275

16 Path Dependence in Conservation William M. Adams 292

17 Conservation Trade-offs and the Politics of Knowledge J. Peter Brosius 311

Part V Future Challenges 329

18 Climate Change and Conservation Stephen G. Willis David G. Hole Brian Huntley 331

19 Drivers of Biodiversity Change Georgina M. Mace 349

20 Another Entangled Bank: Making Conservation Trade-offs More Explicit Robert J. Smith William M. Adams Nigel Leader-Williams 365

Index 377

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