Traditional Politics and Regime Change in Brazil

Traditional Politics and Regime Change in Brazil

by Frances Hagopian
     
 

ISBN-10: 0521032881

ISBN-13: 9780521032889

Pub. Date: 12/28/2006

Publisher: Cambridge University Press

From 1964 to 1985 Brazil was governed by a military dictatorship unlike its predecessors but soon to become the model for other authoritarian regimes in South America. It attracted civilian technocrats and foreign investors to engineer an "economic miracle," and to consolidate its economic model it initiated sweeping political change that was intended to rid Brazilian…  See more details below

Overview

From 1964 to 1985 Brazil was governed by a military dictatorship unlike its predecessors but soon to become the model for other authoritarian regimes in South America. It attracted civilian technocrats and foreign investors to engineer an "economic miracle," and to consolidate its economic model it initiated sweeping political change that was intended to rid Brazilian society of radical social movements and the state and political system of traditional politics and elites. This study demonstrates that military aims notwithstanding, a traditional political elite has persisted in Brazil through two regime changes - one to and one from authoritarian rule. During the dictatorship, traditional politicians retained considerable power in the state governments, which were their traditional redoubts. In particular, they continued to occupy high-level appointed offices that permitted them to retain control of patronage, their most important political resource. Since the transition to democracy, as prominent Brazilian intellectuals have charged, genuine political debate has fallen victim to a restoration of oligarchical power and clientelistic practices typical of traditional Brazilian politics. This study argues that the military project was severely constrained by the pattern of mediation between state and society that it inherited, the expansion of the state's productive, regulatory, and distributive roles that underlay its model for economic stabilization and development, and the need to marshal political support for the largely symbolic elections that it permitted as part of its strategy for governing. State-led capitalist development led to an expansion of clientelism in that it enhanced both the state's resource base and the number of clients dependent on state programs, at the same time that more competitive elections made the resort to clientelism, and the traditional politicians who could marshal votes on this basis, more compelling. By leading a negotiated tran

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Product Details

ISBN-13:
9780521032889
Publisher:
Cambridge University Press
Publication date:
12/28/2006
Series:
Cambridge Studies in Comparative Politics Series
Edition description:
Reissue
Pages:
344
Product dimensions:
5.98(w) x 8.98(h) x 0.79(d)

Table of Contents

List of tables and figures
Preface
Glossary of abbreviations and Portuguese terms
1Introduction: Traditional politics, new authoritarianism1
2Oligarchical power and traditional politics in Minas Gerais36
3The modern political economy of traditional politics73
4Bureaucratic authoritarianism and the state elite104
5Back to patronage: State clientelism in Minas Gerais140
6Authoritarian politics and traditional elites178
7The traditional political elite and the transition to democracy211
8Continuity in change: Brazilian authoritarianism and democratization in comparative perspective253
Appendix The Minas elite283
References286
Index307

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