Transactions, Transgressions, Transformations: American Culture in Western Europe and Japan

Transactions, Transgressions, Transformations: American Culture in Western Europe and Japan

by Uta A. Poiger
     
 

American culture has been one of the most controversial exports of the United States: greeted with enthusiasm by some, with hostility by others. Yet, few societies escape its influence. However, not all changes should be interpreted simply as "Americanization." The shaping of the postwar world has been much more complex than this term implies as is

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Overview

American culture has been one of the most controversial exports of the United States: greeted with enthusiasm by some, with hostility by others. Yet, few societies escape its influence. However, not all changes should be interpreted simply as "Americanization." The shaping of the postwar world has been much more complex than this term implies as is shown in this volume that explores the links between Americanization and modernity in Western Europe and Japan. In considering the impact of products and images ranging from movies and music to fashion and architecture, a multi-disciplinary group of contributors asks how American culture has been employed internationally in the articulation of postwar identities - be they national or subnational,socially sanctioned or socially transgressive. Their essays on France, Italy, Germany and Japan move beyond the simple paradigms of colonization and democratic modernization, yet retain a sensitivity to the asymmetries in the postwar power relationships between these countries and the United States. An extensive introduction historically locates changing interpretations of American influences abroad and suggests the problems and promises of "Americanization" as an analytical tool. Its comparative focus and interdisciplinary scope will appeal to a wide range of students and scholars of cold war and post-cold war history.

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Product Details

ISBN-13:
9781571811073
Publisher:
Berghahn Books, Incorporated
Publication date:
01/28/1999
Pages:
272
Product dimensions:
5.68(w) x 8.80(h) x 0.88(d)
Lexile:
1600L (what's this?)

Table of Contents

List of Illustrations
Acknowledgments
Notes on Contributors
Introduction: Americanization Reconsidered
ITwentieth-Century Modernities
1America in the German Imagination3
2Comparative Anti-Americanism in Western Europe26
3Surface above All? American Influence on Japanese Urban Space45
IIDrawing Cultural Boundaries, Forging the National
4Persistent Myths of Americanization: German Reconstruction and the Renationalization of Postwar Cinema, 1945-196581
5No More Song and Dance: French Radio Broadcast Quotas, Chansons, and Cultural Exceptions109
IIITransnational Stylings: American Music and the Politics of Identity
6American Music, Cold War Liberalism, and German Identities127
7Jukebox Boys: Postwar Italian Music and the Culture of Covering148
8The Social Production of Difference: Imitation and Authenticity in Japanese Rap Music166
IVDe-essentializing "America" and the "Native"
9Learning from America: Postwar Urban Recovery in West Germany187
10The French Cinema and Hollywood: A Case Study of Americanization208
11Waiting for Godzilla: Chaotic Negotiations between Post-Orientalism and Hyper-Occidentalism224
Select Bibliography237
Index247

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