Transcranial Magnetic Stimulation: A Neurochronometrics of Mind

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Overview

The mainstays of brain imaging techniques have been positron emission tomography (PET), functional magnetic resonance imaging (fMRI), magnetoencephalography (MEG), and event-related potentials (ERPs). These methods all record direct or indirect measures of brain activity and correlate the activity patterns with behavior. But to go beyond the correlations established by these techniques and prove the necessity of an area for a given function, cognitive neuroscientists need to be able to reverse engineer the brain — i.e., to selectively remove components from information processing and assess their impact on the output.

This book is about transcranial magnetic stimulation (TMS), a technique that emerged during the same period as neuroimaging and has made it possible to reverse engineer the human brain's role in behavioral and cognitive functions. The subject areas that can be studied using TMS run the gamut of cognitive psychology — attention, perception, awareness, eye movements, action selection, memory, plasticity,language, numeracy, and priming. The book presents an overview of historical attempts at magnetic brain stimulation, ethical considerations of the technique's use, basic technical and practical information, the results of numerous TMS studies, and a discussion of the future of TMS in the armamentarium of cognitive neuropsychology.

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What People Are Saying

From the Publisher
"Making reversible lesions in the human brain was until recently a secret dream in neuroscientists' minds; examining the effects of local brain stimulation something only neurosurgeons could aspire to. This extraordinary method has opened up a multitude of experimental possibilities that have been rapidly exploited — notably by the authors of this volume. The use ofTMS in its various guises with other non-invasive brain recording techniques such as imaging and encephalography promises another great step in the program of grounding the study of human psychology in biological facts."—Richard Frackowiak, Wellcome Department of Imaging Neuroscience,Institute of Neurology, University College London
Richard Frackowiak
Making reversible lesions in the human brain was until recently a secret dream in neuroscientists' minds; examining the effects of local brain stimulation something only neurosurgeons could aspire to. This extraordinary method has opened up a multitude of experimental possibilities that have been rapidly exploited — notably by the authors of this volume. The use ofTMS in its various guises with other non-invasive brain recording techniques such as imaging and encephalography promises another great step in the program of grounding the study of human psychology in biological facts.
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Product Details

  • ISBN-13: 9780262731744
  • Publisher: MIT Press
  • Publication date: 9/1/2005
  • Series: Bradford Books Series
  • Pages: 319
  • Product dimensions: 7.00 (w) x 9.00 (h) x 0.75 (d)

Meet the Author

Vincent Walsh is a Royal Society Research Fellow and Reader in Psychology at the Institute ofCognitive Neuroscience, University College London.

Alvaro Pascual-Leone is Director of Research at the Behavioral Neurology Unit of Beth IsraelDeaconess Medical Center and Associate Professor of Neurology at Harvard Medical School.

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Table of Contents

Foreword : drawn to neuromagnetism
Preface : a magnetic manifesto
1 Introduction : cognitive resolution 1
2 Magnets and minds in history 11
3 The nuts and bolts of TMS 39
4 Creating virtual patients : a guide to mechanism and methodology 65
5 Real-time neuropsychology : single-pulse TMS 95
6 Dynamic neuropsychology : repetitive-pulse TMS 127
7 The self-engineering brain 163
8 Can I borrow your illness? 199
9 Converging methodologies : a meeting of mind's maps 219
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