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Transforming Computer Technology: Information Processing for the Pentagon, 1962-1986

Overview

Over the course of several decades, the Pentagon's Information Processing Techniques Office (IPTO) helped transform computing from a cumbersome enterprise based on batch processing to the instantly interactive, graphically rich, highly intelligent computing of today. With the purpose of improving command and control systems for the military, IPTO researchers strengthened time-sharing, laid the groundwork for graphics and parallel processing, contributed to the study of artificial intelligence, and developed the ...

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Overview

Over the course of several decades, the Pentagon's Information Processing Techniques Office (IPTO) helped transform computing from a cumbersome enterprise based on batch processing to the instantly interactive, graphically rich, highly intelligent computing of today. With the purpose of improving command and control systems for the military, IPTO researchers strengthened time-sharing, laid the groundwork for graphics and parallel processing, contributed to the study of artificial intelligence, and developed the wide-area network that came to be known as the Internet. Transforming Computer Technology examines these and other developments at the Defense Department's Advanced Research Projects Agency in its heyday between 1962 and 1986. The authors show how Pentagon programs affected significant developments in both computer science and engineering. They analyze the management of the office, the origins and growth of important IPTO programs, and the interaction of the staff with the R & D community. They pay special attention to IPTO's role in executing research at the leading edge of computing and networking and in working with the military to transfer that research into practical use. And they show how, by the 1990s, the research results had been assimilated into systems both for the military and for civilian society.

Johns Hopkins University Press

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Editorial Reviews

Science
Solid and informative... An important contribution to the history of computing.
Computing Reviews
An important contribution to both science-policy literature and the history of computing. It will find an appreciative readership in the technology-policy community, in innovation studies, and in computer science.
Booknews
Examines the US Defense Department's Advanced Research Projects Agency during its heyday, and the impact it had on developments in computer science and engineering. Analyzes the management of the office, the origins and growth of important programs, and the interaction of the staff with the academic and industrial research and development communities. Emphasizes the agency's Information Processing Techniques Office role in executing cutting-edge research, and shows how by the 1990s the results had been assimilated into practical use in both military and civilian society. Annotation c. Book News, Inc., Portland, OR (booknews.com)
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Product Details

Meet the Author

Arthur L. Norberg and Judy E. O'Neill are the former director and associate director of the Charles Babbage Institute (CBI), Center for the History of Information Processing, University of Minnesota.

Johns Hopkins University Press

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