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Transforming Korean Politics: Democracy, Reform, and Culture
     

Transforming Korean Politics: Democracy, Reform, and Culture

by Young Whan Kihl
 

ISBN-10: 0765614278

ISBN-13: 9780765614278

Pub. Date: 03/31/2004

Publisher: Taylor & Francis

Over the past fifteen years, South Korea has transformed itself from an authoritarian government into a new democracy with a vibrant capitalist economy. Modernization, democratization, and globalization have played important roles in this transformation, and have greatly influenced the programs and policies of Korea's Sixth Republic. Covering developments through the

Overview

Over the past fifteen years, South Korea has transformed itself from an authoritarian government into a new democracy with a vibrant capitalist economy. Modernization, democratization, and globalization have played important roles in this transformation, and have greatly influenced the programs and policies of Korea's Sixth Republic. Covering developments through the 2003 elections, this book shows how the South Korean government and society have been shaped not only by the dynamics of these forces, but also by their interaction with the cultural norms of a post-Confucian society. The author provides a conceptual framework and baseline for examining political developments in Korea, and offers an analysis of the factors that are transforming Korean institutions, society, and politics. He discusses the forces shaping Korea's political economy and the performance of successive ROK governments, and also highlights the challenges faced by the newly elected administration of Roh Moo Huan, the North Korean issue, and more.

Product Details

ISBN-13:
9780765614278
Publisher:
Taylor & Francis
Publication date:
03/31/2004
Pages:
384
Product dimensions:
6.20(w) x 9.10(h) x 1.30(d)

Table of Contents

List of Tables and Figuresix
Prefacexi
1.Introduction: Ideas Matter in Korean Politics3
Interplay of Ideas, Values, and Policy in the Era of Transition4
The Impact of Ideas on Policy: Modernization, Democratization, and Globalization17
From Tradition to Modernity: Sequence and Trajectories25
Conceptual Frame and Theoretical Baseline27
Conclusion33
Part 1.Historical Context
2.Taking Culture Seriously: Confucian Tradition and Modernization39
The Cultural Legacy of Confucianism41
Political Doctrines and Practice of Korean Confucianism44
Modernization, Authoritarianism, and Democracy49
Paths to Modernization and Development54
Confucianism, Democracy, and Reformism56
Conclusion59
3.Democratization by Launching the Sixth Republic of Korea (ROK)62
Democracy Movement and Democratic Transition63
Modernization Ideas Inspire Soldiers-Turned-Politicians70
Constitutional Crises of the Developmental State75
Democratic Opening and Political Change of 198782
Analyzing the Political Economy of Democratization88
Conclusion99
4."Reform Halfway Down?" Cultural Dimension of Democratic Consolidation102
Reforming Post-Confucian Society104
The Challenges of Democratic Consolidation via Reform106
Successive Waves of Democratic Reform: Positive or Negative Consolidation?109
The Rule of Law and the Court Trial of Former Presidents128
Structure, Culture, and Failed Reform133
Conclusion142
Part 2.Policy Patterns and Processes
5.Responses to Globalization: Sustaining Democracy Through Economic Reform149
Globalization Drive: Advanced-Nation Status or Disease?151
Effects of the 1997-1998 Asian Financial Crisis157
Is Globalization a Threat or an Opportunity?161
Negotiating Globalization Impacts: Clashing Styles and Approaches163
Globalization and Democratization in the Two Administrations170
Conclusion180
6.Global Political Economy and the Korean State183
The Unraveling of Korea's Miracle Economy: East Asian Miracle Revisited185
Economic Crisis, Recovery, and Restructuring192
The Logic of a Competitive State in the IMF Era207
The Politics of Gridlock and Collective Action214
Conclusion225
7.Foreign Policy and Democracy: From Nordpolitik to Engagement228
Constructing Foreign Policy in Democracy: Ideas and Interests229
Nordpolitik (or Northern Policy) and Democratization240
Engagement (or the Sunshine Policy) Toward North Korea248
External Impact of Engagement on Major Powers255
Conclusion: "Democratic Peace" and Korea's Future260
Part 3.Future Prospects
8.New Democracy for Korean Society and Politics269
The Rise and Role of Civil Society for Democracy271
Korean Electoral Democracy in Action278
Assessing Institutional Change and Administrative Performance: The Policy Challenges and Leadership Responses289
Launching the Roh Moo-Hyun Presidency: Problems and Prospects297
Conclusion305
9.Transforming Korean Politics? Conclusion308
Drawing Lessons from the Korean Experiment311
The "Asian Values" Discourse and Korean Culture319
Confronting Korea's Uncertain Security Future325
Conclusion: Security Dilemma and Democratic Rebirth?337
Transforming Electoral Politics Through Presidential Impeachment: An Epilogue343
What Happened?343
Why? Meaning and Significance of the Election345
What Lies Ahead? Future Prospects348
Postscript351
Notes353
Bibliography369
Index391

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