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As an avenue for progressive politics in a nation still skeptical of change, community organizing today faces significant challenges. This book assesses that activity within the context of political, cultural, social, and economic changes in cities—from World War II to the present—to show how community-based organizations have responded to these challenges.
Transforming the City is the first book to examine the current state of community organizing in American cities, analyzing its place in contemporary progressive politics and assessing whether it has changed in response to changes in the political economy. Leading urban scholars from a wide range of disciplines offer original commentaries on the strengths and limitations of community organizing, a form of political and civic engagement that is too often overlooked by those who bemoan the decline in social capital.
While embracing community organizing as a way to cope with the problems afflicting inner cities, these essays acknowledge the challenges inherent in globalization, de-industrialization, the demise of ward-based politics, and the values that shape contemporary American culture. They argue that larger changes in the political economy have reshaped the local ecology of civic engagement, thereby affecting the focus, orientation, and effectiveness of community organizing.
The book features case studies from Chicago to New Orleans to El Paso, covering community organizations from many organizing networks and models, such as ACORN, IAF, PICO, and DART. These cases address key policy areas such as education and housing, and the role of race in these issues and in organizing in general. By examining the actual practice of this form of democratic politics, they also show the potential of community organizing for addressing concerns about Americans' disengagement from civic and political life.
Whether pursuing longstanding problems about housing or more recent issues such as wages paid by big-box retailers, community organizing continues to have an important role to play as part of a broader progressive movement. As America decides what kind of society it wants to be, these insightful articles illuminate those larger trends in the local ecology that are forcing organizers to alter their strategies, operations, and visions for the future.
Preface and Acknowledgments
1. Community Organizing and the Changing Ecology of Civic Engagement, Marion Orr
2. Running in Place: Saul Alinsky, Race, and Community Organizing, Mark Santow
3. Community Organizing in a Nonregime City: The New Orleans Experience, Peter F. Burns
4. Division and Fragmentation: The El Pase Experience in Global-Local Perspective, Kathleen Staudt and Clarence N. Stone
5. Community Organizing and No Child Left Behind, Dennis Shirley and Michael Evans
6. Political Opportunity, Venue Shopping, and Strategic Innovation: ACORN's National Organizing, Heidi Swarts
7. Higher Power: Strategic Capacity for State and National Organizing, Richard L. Wood
8. Contextualizing Community Organizing: Lessons from the Past, Tensions in the Present, Opportunities for the Future, Robert Fisher and Eric Shragge
9. Community Organizing for What? Progressive Politics and Movement Building in America, Peter Dreier
10. Summing Up: Community Organizing and Political Change in the City, Marion Orr
About the Contributors