Transforming the School Counseling Profession

Transforming the School Counseling Profession

by Bradley T. Erford

ISBN-10: 0130273422

ISBN-13: 9780130273420

Pub. Date: 04/22/2002

Publisher: Prentice Hall




Accountability. Transformation. Achievement.


Leading minds in the field





Accountability. Transformation. Achievement.


Leading minds in the field share their expertise with the common goal of Transforming the School Counsleing Profession. Discover innovative insights and new perspectives on school counseling from Bradley Erford and the following contributors:


Patrick Akos, Deryl Bailey, Stuart Chen-Hayes, Yvette Getch, Sam Gladding, Gary Goodnough, Edwin Herr, Cheryl Holcomb-McCoy, Reese House, Carol Kaffenberger, Vivian Lee, Erin Leff, Lynn Linde, Pat Martin, Debbie Newsome, Spencer Niles, Rachelle Perusse, Elana Rock, Linda Seligman, Amber Throckmorton, Susan Whiston



Open this book and find:

    • A guide to ten essential roles filled by professional school counselors.
    • An emphasis on connecting the school counseling program to the mission of the school.
    • Early coverage of outcomes research and its relationship to school counseling interventions and programs.
    • An emphasis on advocacy, professional issues, and multicultural competence.
    • New chapters on creating systematic, data-driven school counseling programs and accountability.
    • Revised material on collaboration, consultation, and parent involvement.
    • Strong coverage of developmentalclassroom guidance, students with mental/emotional disorders, youth at risk, and students with disabilities.
    • Resources appropriate for introductory counseling courses, professional school counselors, and counselors in training.

"...this text is a necessary tool for a school counselor's professional library... I tell my students this is one book they do not want to resell."

Tarrell Portman, University of Iowa


 "This book is one of a kind, and provides invaluable guidance for transforming the school counseling profession."

Tovah Sands, California State University, Northridge


To view the website that accompanies this text, please go to

Product Details

Prentice Hall
Publication date:
Edition description:
Older Edition
Product dimensions:
7.70(w) x 9.30(h) x 1.30(d)

Related Subjects

Table of Contents

Chapter 1Transforming the School Counseling Profession1
The Changing Needs of Students and Families1
Twenty-First-Century Vision for School Counselors3
Traditional and Emerging Roles and Practices11
On Becoming a Professional School Counselor19
Chapter 2Historical Roots and Future Issues21
The Rise of Professional School Counseling in the United States21
The Role of the Professional School Counselor in the 1920s, 1930s, and 1940s25
School Counseling Comes into Its Own: The 1950s and 1960s30
The Years of Consolidation and Refinement: The 1970s and Beyond33
Future Issues for the School Counseling Profession34
Chapter 3Ethical, Legal, and Professional Issues in School Counseling39
Professional Associations and Credentialing Organizations40
Ethical Standards and Laws41
Sources of Information and Guidance43
Making Decisions45
Additional Legal Considerations46
Minor Consent Laws52
Records and Personal Notes57
Child Abuse60
The Challenge Continues61
Chapter 4Planning and Implementing a 21st-Century Comprehensive Developmental School Counseling Program63
Transforming Perception and Focus63
Planning and Implementing a Comprehensive Developmental School Counseling Program72
Program Overview73
Professional Foundations85
Roles of Other School Personnel in the Comprehensive School Counseling Program87
Theoretical Foundations and Student Competencies89
Program Components96
Assessing Outcomes and Evaluating Programs101
Developing a Program Manual119
Chapter 5Developmental Classroom Guidance121
The Scope and Responsibility of the Professional School Counselor as Developmental Classroom Guidance Specialist122
The Effect of Classroom Guidance on Student Development123
Developmental Theory123
Role of the Professional School Counselor in Delivering the Curriculum124
Setting Up and Managing a Classroom Environment125
Crafting a Curriculum129
Creating Units and Lessons132
Constructing Developmental Lessons and Activities141
Chapter 6Fostering Educational and Career Planning in Students153
Background for Educational and Career Planning Interventions in Schools153
Education and Career Planning Today154
Implementing Systematic and Well-Coordinated Educational and Cazreer Planning Programs155
Elementary School157
Middle or Junior High School159
High School161
Developing Life-Role Readiness165
Chapter 7Consultation and Collaboration171
The Counselor as Consultant: Case Examples171
Consultation Models173
Consultation Process182
Collaborative Consultation: Reaching out to the Broader Community189
Chapter 8Parental Involvement, Outreach, and the Emerging Role of the Professional School Counselor191
Collaboration: The Key to the Success of School-Community Programs193
Traditional School Outreach and Changing Family Needs194
The Importance of Home Visits200
A Structure for Involving All Families in Their Children's Education: Epstein's Six Types of Parental Involvement202
The Family Resource Center: A Collaborative Response to the Changing Needs of Families202
Chapter 9Counseling Individuals and Groups in School209
Individual Counseling in Schools209
Counseling in Schools Defined210
Developmental Considerations211
A Counseling Model for Children and Adolescents214
Group Counseling in Schools222
Types of Groups223
Groups at the Elementary and Middle School Level224
Groups at the High School Level226
Chapter 10Counseling Interventions Using Expressive Arts231
Interventions Using Visual Arts232
Music Interventions238
Therapeutic Writing and Storytelling240
Chapter 11Helping Students with Mental and Emotional Disorders249
Prevalence of Mental Disorders and Mental Health Issues in Children and Adolescents250
Factors Contributing to High Incidence of Emotional Disturbance250
The Professional School Counselor's Role252
What Professional School Counselors Need to Know About Mental and Emotional Disorders257
Mental Disorders in Infants, Children, and Adolescents258
Other Disorders Diagnosed in Children and Adolescents276
Further Reading283
Chapter 12A New Perspective on Counseling At-Risk Youth285
Who Are Youth at Risk?286
Problems Categorizing At-Risk Youth287
Approaches to Working with At-Risk Youth288
Working with All Youth290
Systems Failures: Who Is to Blame?291
Why Haven's Needs of At-Risk Students Been Addressed?292
Policy Implications293
Beyond Schools: Interdisciplinary Responses to Complex Problems294
Recommendations for Professional School Counselors: Generating Effective Programs294
Chapter 13Conflict Resolution and Peer Mediation in Schools297
Concepts and Constructs298
Peer Mediation Program Format300
Program Development303
Diversity Considerations in Recruitment, Selection, and Training306
Program Implementation309
Program Evaluation and Research312
Ethical Issues313
Peer Mediation and Comprehensive School Counseling Programs314
Chapter 14Multicultural Competence317
Multicultural Terminology318
Multicultural Competence: What Is It?320
Becoming a Multiculturally Competent Professional School Counselor324
Professional School Counselor Multicultural Competence Questionnaire326
Case Studies of Multicultural Issues in Professional School Counseling326
Chapter 15Assessment331
Past as Prologue332
Purposes of Appraisal335
An Assessment and Testing Primer337
The Future Is Here: Computer-Based Appraisal346
The Professional School Counselor's Role347
Trends in the Professional School Counselor Appraisal Function352
Chapter 16Students with Disabilities357
Understanding the Professional School Counselor's Connection to the Special Education and Section 504 Processes359
Role and Function of the Professional School Counselor in the Education of Students with Disabilities370
Professional School Counselor Concerns with Role in Serving Students with Disabilities372
Providing School Counseling Case Management for Students with Disabilities378
Serving on Multidisciplinary Teams: Determining Eligibility and Planning Services for Students with Disabilities382
Providing School Counseling Services for Students with Disabilities398
Chapter 17Professional School Counselors as Social and Academic Advocates411
What Is Advocacy?413
History of Social Advocacy414
Why Is Social Advocacy So Important?415
Who Needs a Social Advocate, and Why?417
How Can Professional School Counselors Teach Others to Become Advocates?420
The Professional School Counselor as Academic and Public Awareness Advocate429
Reflection Questions433
Case Study434
Chapter 18Outcomes Research on School Counseling Services435
Is Professional School Counseling Effective?437
Which Students Benefit from School Counseling Interventions?438
What Are the Effective Methods for Delivering Services?439
What Are the Characteristics of Effective School Counseling Programs?444
Chapter 19Living the Transformed Role449
Living the Transformed Role450
Pulling It All Together: Examples from the Field451
Transforming the School Counseling Profession: Your Destiny454
Appendix AAmerican Counseling Association Code of Ethics and Standards of Practice455
Appendix BAmerican School Counselor Association Ethical Standards for School Counselors482
Appendix CNational Standards for School Counseling Programs487
Appendix DComprehensive School Counseling Program Manual Outline494
Name Index523
Subject Index531

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