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The intelligence failures exposed by the events of 9/11 and the missing weapons of mass destruction in Iraq have made one thing perfectly clear: change is needed in how the U.S. intelligence community operates. Transforming U.S. Intelligence argues that transforming intelligence requires as much a look to the future as to the past and a focus more on the art and practice of intelligence rather than on its bureaucratic arrangements. In fact, while the recent restructuring, including the creation of the Department of Homeland Security, may solve some problems, it has also created new ones. The authors of this volume agree that transforming policies and practices will be the most effective way to tackle future challenges facing the nation's security.
This volume's contributors, who have served in intelligence agencies, the Departments of State or Defense, and the staffs of congressional oversight committees, bring their experience as insiders to bear in thoughtful and thought-provoking essays that address what such an overhaul of the system will require. In the first section, contributors discuss twenty-first-century security challenges and how the intelligence community can successfully defend U.S. national interests. The second section focuses on new technologies and modified policies that can increase the effectiveness of intelligence gathering and analysis. Finally, contributors consider management procedures that ensure the implementation of enhanced capabilities in practice.
Transforming U.S. Intelligence supports the mandate of the new director of national intelligence by offering both careful analysis of existing strengths and weaknesses in U.S. intelligence and specific recommendations on how to fix its problems without harming its strengths. These recommendations, based on intimate knowledge of the way U.S. intelligence actually works, include suggestions for the creative mixing of technologies with new missions to bring about the transformation of U.S. intelligence without incurring unnecessary harm or expense. The goal is the creation of an intelligence community that can rapidly respond to developments in international politics, such as the emergence of nimble terrorist networks while reconciling national security requirements with the rights and liberties of American citizens.
Introduction Jennifer E. Sims and Burton Gerber PART I: NEW REQUIREMENTS 1. The Twenty-First Century Challenge for U.S. Intelligence Ernest R. May 2. Understanding Friends and Enemies: The Context for American Intelligence Reform Jennifer E. Sims 3. Understanding Ourselves Jennifer E. Sims
PART II: NEW CAPABILITIES 4. Integrating Open Sources into Transnational Threat Assessments Amy Sands 5. Clandestine Human Intelligence: Spies, Counterspies, and Covert Action John MacGaffin 6. The Digital Dimension James R. Gosler 7. Analysis and Estimates: Professional Practices in Intelligence Production Douglas MacEachin 8. Denial and Deception Donald C. F. Daniel
PART III: MANAGEMENT CHALLENGES 9. Managing Domestic, Military, and Foreign Policy Requirements: Correcting Frankenstein's Blunder James Monnier Simon Jr. 10. Intelligence and War: Afghanistan, 2001-2002 Henry A. Crumpton
11. Managing HUMINT: The Need for a New Approach Burton Gerber
12. Intelligence and Homeland Defense Henry A. Crumpton
13. Intelligence Analysis: Management and Transformation Issues Mark M. Lowenthal
14. Congressional Oversight of Intelligence after September 11 L. Britt Snider
Meeting the Challenge: Action Now Jennifer E. Sims and Burton Gerber
Posted June 15, 2012
Posted January 20, 2012