Transmission-Efficient Design and Management of Wavelength-Routed Optical Networks / Edition 1

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Overview

Transmission-Efficient Design and Management of Wavelength-Routed Optical Networks is a comprehensive treatment of the impact of transmission impairments on the design and management of wavelength-routed optical networks. It considers mesh-type network topologies and presents efficient algorithms and protocols for cost-effective deployment.
Starting with transparent networks, this work focuses on power implications such as cross-connect design, device allocation problems, and management issues. In this all-optical model, a power-efficient design space, based on reduction in overall cost and ease of network management, is presented. This design concept, motivates various switch architectures and different optimization problems. Problems motivated by this design concept are addressed from both their theoretical and experimental aspects. After that, the book departs from pure transparent networks and allows for signal regeneration at some strategic locations in the network. Efficient design algorithms and signaling protocols are proposed which take advantage of the non-homogeneous nature of optical resources.
Transmission-Efficient Design and Management of Wavelength-Routed Optical Networks is an invaluable resource targeted towards practitioners, researchers, and students from telecommunications, computer science, engineering, and networking with interest in the realistic deployment of optical networks in the metro and the backbone.
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Product Details

Table of Contents

List of Figures xi
List of Tables xix
Preface xxiii
1 Introduction 1
1.1 Saturated Networks 1
1.2 Wavelength-Routed Optical Networks 2
1.3 Motivation 4
1.4 Summary of Results 5
1.5 Book Outline 8
Part I Transparent Networks
2 Power-Efficient Design of Multicast Networks 11
2.1 Introduction 11
2.2 Power-Efficient Design Space 12
2.2.1 Splitter-Sharing Design 12
2.2.2 Splitter-Tap Continuum 14
2.3 Cross-Connect Architectures 14
2.3.1 Splitter-and-Delivery Cross-Connect 14
2.3.2 Multicast-Only Splitter-and-Delivery Cross-Connect 15
2.3.3 A Comparison Between SaD and MOSaD Architectures 18
2.4 Connection Establishment 18
2.4.1 MCRWA Problem Formulations 20
2.5 Simulation Results and Discussion 23
2.5.1 Performance Metrics 23
2.5.2 Experimental Setting 25
2.5.3 Analysis 25
2.6 Conclusions 27
3 The Splitter Placement Problem: The Static Case 33
3.1 Introduction 34
3.2 Problem Definition and Complexity Insights 35
3.3 Problem Formulation 37
3.4 Solution Approach 41
3.4.1 Conflict Graph 42
3.4.2 Genetic Algorithm for the MCRWA Problem 43
3.5 Splitter Placement Heuristics 46
3.5.1 Most-Saturated Node First (MSNF) 46
3.5.2 Simulated Annealing 47
3.6 Numerical Results and Discussions 50
3.6.1 Detailed Example 51
3.6.2 Experiment Setup 52
3.6.3 Experiment Metrics and Notation 54
3.6.4 Simulation Results 54
3.7 Conclusions 60
4 The Splitter Placement Problem: The Dynamic Case 71
4.1 Network Architecture 71
4.2 Approximate Blocking Model for Multicast Networks 73
4.2.1 Notation 73
4.2.2 Analytical Model 75
4.2.3 Numerical Method 78
4.3 Solution Approach 78
4.3.1 Heuristics 79
4.4 Numerical Results 81
4.4.1 Validation of Methodology 81
4.4.2 Discussion of Simulation Results 84
4.5 Conclusions 84
5 Routing and Wavelength Assignment with Power Considerations 95
5.1 Introduction 96
5.1.1 Motivation 97
5.1.2 Network and Node Architecture 100
5.2 Problem Formulation 102
5.2.1 Amplifier Gain Model 102
5.2.2 Device Parameters 103
5.2.3 Notation 104
5.2.4 Basic and Non-Basic Variables 107
5.2.5 Constraints 107
5.2.6 The Objective Function 110
5.2.7 RWA-P Problem Formulation Complexity 110
5.3 Two-Phase Solution Approach 110
5.3.1 Fixed-Alternate Mathematical Formulation 112
5.3.2 Data Structures and Connection Establishment 114
5.3.3 Smallest Gain First (SGF) 115
5.3.4 Genetic Algorithm 116
5.4 Numerical Examples 122
5.5 Conclusions 124
Part II Translucent Networks
6 Design of a Translucent Wide-Area Network 135
6.1 Introduction 135
6.2 Motivation and Network Architecture 138
6.2.1 Motivation 138
6.2.2 Translucent Wide-Area Network 139
6.3 Problem Definition and Formulation 142
6.3.1 Problem Definition 142
6.3.2 Problem Formulation 144
6.4 Solution Approach 153
6.4.1 Bounds 154
6.4.2 Connection Establishment Algorithms 156
6.5 Numerical Examples 159
6.5.1 Detailed Examples 160
6.5.2 Analysis 161
6.6 Conclusions 164
7 Management of Polarization-Mode Dispersion 171
7.1 Introduction 171
7.1.1 Network and Node Architectures 172
7.1.2 Transmission Impairments 173
7.2 Protocol Description 174
7.2.1 Link-State Distribution 176
7.2.2 Constrained Routing 176
7.3 Simulation Results 177
7.3.1 Convergence of Link-State Information 177
7.3.2 Regeneration Requirements 178
7.3.3 Cost Reduction Through Smart Routing 179
7.4 Conclusions 180
8 Conclusions 185
Further Research 189
Appendices
Tap and Continue (TaC) Cross-Connect 191
Network Topologies 193
Connection Establishment Algorithm 195
Network Representation File Format 199
Simulation Script 203
Bibliography 207
Index 213
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