Transport, the Environment and Economic Policy

Transport, the Environment and Economic Policy

by Kenneth John Button
     
 

Transport is generally recognized to have a serious impact on the global environment, an issue that is attracting world wide attention in the 1990s. This important book sheds new light on the environmental costs of transport. It discusses all modes of transport and their effects on major problems such as greenhouse gases, depletion of non-renewable resources, urban… See more details below

Overview

Transport is generally recognized to have a serious impact on the global environment, an issue that is attracting world wide attention in the 1990s. This important book sheds new light on the environmental costs of transport. It discusses all modes of transport and their effects on major problems such as greenhouse gases, depletion of non-renewable resources, urban sprawl, acid rain and oil spillage. Drawing on the most recent research in environmental economics, it discusses problems of regulation and the implications for economic policy. This genuinely international and comparative book will be essential reading for economists, transport planners, policy makers and environmental scientists.

Product Details

ISBN-13:
9781852784430
Publisher:
Elgar, Edward Publishing, Inc.
Publication date:
01/01/1993
Edition description:
New Edition
Pages:
184
Product dimensions:
6.30(w) x 9.06(h) x (d)

Table of Contents

Figures
Tables
Preface
1Introduction1
1.1Background1
1.2The Economist's Interest in the Environment2
1.3The Book5
2The Transport System and Transport Policy8
2.2The Scale of the Sector8
2.3The Transport Mix11
2.4Financing Transport15
2.5The Policy-making Institutions18
3The Environmental Effects of Transport21
3.2The Physical Impact on the Environment22
3.3The Main Forms of Environmental Impact24
3.4Evolving Trends38
4Evaluating the Environment47
4.2Total Value48
4.3Methods of Evaluation50
4.4The Environmental Costs of Transport58
5Economic Causes of Environmental Degradation65
5.2The Traditional Framework66
5.3Externalities67
5.4The Question of Property Rights72
6Intervention Failures75
6.2The Concept of Intervention Failures76
6.3Forms of Intervention Failure78
6.4The Problems of Predicting Future Trends88
7Instruments of Economic Policy: Fiscal Tools91
7.1Fiscal Instruments91
7.2Emissions Charges93
7.3Tradeable (Marketable) Permits96
7.4The Case for Road Pricing99
7.5Fuel Taxation and Licence Fees109
7.6Subsidies111
8Non-fiscal Policy Instruments116
8.2Regulations116
8.3Charges versus Standards119
8.4Land-Use and Transport Planning124
8.5Investments125
8.6Physical Traffic Management130
8.7Alternatives to Transport132
8.8Transhipment and Consolidation138
8.9Information and Attitudes141
9Political Economy of Policy143
9.2The Question of Efficiency144
9.3Some Theories of Policy Making146
9.4The International Dimension150
References153
Index162

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