Transuranium Elements: A Half Century

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Honors the chemists, physicists, materials scientists, and engineers who were the pioneers of transuranium research in the 1940s with reviews of the discoveries of transuranium elements and of the chemical foundations of transuranium-research, written by the pioneers themselves. Opens with a comprehensive review by Glenn T. Seaborg of the discovery of transuranium elements and his perspective on the future of the field. Emphasizes contemporary research with articles on nuclear chemistry and physics; spectroscopy, photophysics, and photochemistry; inorganic and analytical chemistry; materials physics and chemistry; and solution and environmental chemistry of the transuranium elements.
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Editorial Reviews

Papers from an international symposium to commemorate the discovery of transuranium elements, held at the 200th ACS National Meeting in Washington, DC, August 1990. Many of the pioneers of transuranium research in the 1940s present papers in a section devoted to historical viewpoints. Contemporary research is addressed with articles in the areas of: spectroscopy, photophysics, and photochemistry; chemistry; separations and thermodynamics; nuclear physics and chemistry; materials physics; materials chemistry; and analytical/chemistry. Acidic paper. Annotation c. Book News, Inc., Portland, OR (
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Product Details

Meet the Author

Argonne National Laboratory

European Institute for Transuranium Elements

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Table of Contents

1 Transuranium Elements: Their Impact on Science and Technology 2
Historical Viewpoints
2 Transuranium Elements: A Half Century 10
3 Discovery of Neptunium 50
4 Chemistry of Plutonium Revealed 56
5 The Transuranium Elements: Members of the 5f Series 63
6 Early Days in the "Met Lab": Organization and Planning in Scientific Research 78
7 Early Chemical Contributions in Los Alamos 86
8 "Dry Chemistry" and Initiatory Thermodynamics at the Metallurgical Laboratory 93
Nuclear Physics and Chemistry
9 Nuclear and Chemical Properties of Elements 103, 104, and 105 104
10 Production of Plutonium-237 116
11 Mass and Alpha Spectrometry for the Determination of the Half-Life of [superscript 241]Pu 121
12 Plutonium Determination by Isotope Dilution Technique with Mass and Alpha Spectrometry 126
13 Highly Enriched Isotope Samples of Uranium and Transuranium Elements for Scientific Investigation 131
Spectroscopy, Photophysics, and Photochemistry
14 Unusual High-Temperature Behavior of Neptunium and Plutonium Systems 138
15 Magnetic and Optical Properties of Np and Pu Ions and Compounds 145
16 Detection and Speciation of Trace Amounts of Neptunium and Plutonium 159
17 Photochemical Removal of NpF[subscript 6] and PuF[subscript 6] from UF[subscript 6] Gas Streams 168
18 Vibronic Interaction and Crystal Structure Distortion in Cm[superscript 4+] in CeF[subscript 4] 181
19 Ion-Ion Interaction and Energy Transfer of 4+ Transuranium Ions in Cerium Tetrafluoride 187
20 Investigation of Neptunium(V) Reduction to Neptunium(IV) by Semiconductor Photocatalysis 195
21 f-Element Compound Synthesis Employing Powerful Halogenating Agents 202
22 Cationic Speciation in Nonaqueous Media: Uranium, Neptunium, and Plutonium in Oxidation States III and IV 213
23 The Chemistry of Uranium(VI), Neptunium(VI), and Plutonium(VI) in Aqueous Carbonate Solutions 225
24 The Lanthanides and Actinides: Among Other Groups of Elements in Mendeleev's System 233
25 Transuranium Organometallic Elements: The Next Generation 239
26 Gas-Phase Uranium Ion Reactions with 2,4,6-Tri-t-butylphenol and 1,3,5-Tri-t-butylbenzene: Fourier Transform-Ion Cyclotron Resonance Mass Spectrometry 247
27 Characterization of the Plutonium-Water Reaction: Reaction Kinetics Between 200 and 350 [degree] C 251
Separations and Thermodynamics
28 Reduction of Neptunium(VI) by Organic Compounds 262
29 The Complexation Behavior of Neptunium and Plutonium with Nitrilotriacetic Acid 276
30 Catalyzed Electrolytic Plutonium Oxide Dissolution: The Past 17 Years and Future Potential 288
31 Aqueous Chemistry of Neptunium and Plutonium: Studies in the USSR 305
32 Recovery of Neptunium, Plutonium, and Americium from Highly Active Waste: Trialkylphosphine Oxide Extraction 318
33 3-Phenyl-4-benzoyl-5-isoxazolone: A Novel Extractant for Pu(IV) and Am(III) 331
Materials Physics
34 Metallic Covalency in Actinide Compounds 338
35 Nuclear Hyperfine Techniques in the Study of Transuranium Materials 345
36 Surface Electronic Structure and Chemisorption of Plutonium and Uranium 365
37 Magnetization Measurements on Single Crystals of Neptunium Monopnictides 378
Materials Chemistry
38 High-Pressure Phases and Compressibility of Neptunium and Plutonium Compounds 396
39 Electronic, Structural, and Transport Properties of (Almost) Rare-Earth-Like Actinide Hydrides 404
40 Hydrolysis of Plutonium: Plutonium-Oxygen Phase Diagram 416
41 The Pivotal Position of Plutonium in the Systematics of Actinide Metals and Compounds 426
42 Defect Chemistry of Plutonium Oxides 440
43 Formation of Lithium Plutonates by the Reaction of Lithium Nitrate and Lithium Hydroxide with PuO[subscript 2] 451
44 Mechanisms of the Rapid Dissolution of Plutonium Dioxide in Acidic Media under Oxidizing or Reducing Conditions 457
45 Complex Formation of the Lanthanides and Actinides in Lower Oxidation States 469
46 Synthesis and Identification of [actual symbol not reproducible] and Preparation of PuCl[subscript 3] 481
47 Homogeneous Oxalate Precipitation of Pu(III) 489
Analytical Chemistry
48 Transuranium Reference Measurements and Reference Materials 496
49 Airborne Transuranium Elements: Progress in Rapid Detection 507
50 Development of Neptunium and Plutonium Chemistry: Contribution of Electrochemical Research 515
51 A New Chemical Assay Standard for Plutonium 524
Appendix: Papers Presented But Not Included in Book 533
Index 536
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