Trapped in the Net: The Unanticipated Consequences of Computerization

Trapped in the Net: The Unanticipated Consequences of Computerization

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by Gene I. Rochlin
     
 

"This is a major work of synthesis and insight that will prove invaluable not only to scholars and students but also to policymakers, large-system designers, and others concerned with the role of computers in society. Rochlin has mastered an amazingly broad body of literature, grasped its deeper implications, and presented his results in a highly readable form,

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Overview

"This is a major work of synthesis and insight that will prove invaluable not only to scholars and students but also to policymakers, large-system designers, and others concerned with the role of computers in society. Rochlin has mastered an amazingly broad body of literature, grasped its deeper implications, and presented his results in a highly readable form, well peppered with anecdote and narrative. He has also, and most importantly, hit upon the most important characteristic of the society-wide electronics infrastructures now being put into place: that such systems are socio-technical in nature and cannot be understood as mere hardware and/or software."—Paul N. Edwards, Author of The Closed World: Computers and the Politics of Discourse

Product Details

ISBN-13:
9780691002477
Publisher:
Princeton University Press
Publication date:
07/27/1998
Pages:
310
Product dimensions:
6.10(w) x 9.20(h) x 0.80(d)

Table of Contents

Preface xi

Acknowledgments xv

1 Introduction 3

Prologue 3

Enter the Computer 5

Compliance and Control 7

The Structure of the Argument 11

The Structure of the Book 13

2 Autogamous Technology 15

Introduction 15

A Brief Historical Essay 16

Operating Systems 23

The Dynamics of Growth 29

The Hegemony of Design 32

3 Networks of Connectivity: Webs of Dependence 35

Introduction 35

From Anarchy to Networks 38

The Interconnected Office 46

Conclusion 48

4 Taylorism Redux? 51

Introduction 51

The Search for Managerial Control 53

The Deskilling Controversy 61

Expertise Lost 67

Heterogeneous Systems 69

Conclusion 71

5 Computer Trading 74

Introduction 74

Markets and Exchanges 76

Automating Markets 82

Conclusion 88

6 Jacking into the Market 91

The Demise of Barings P L C 91

Trading in Cyberspace 94

Global Markets 99

Conclusion 105

Epilogue 106

7 Expert Operators and Critical Tasks 108

Having the Bubble 108

Pilot Error 112

The Glass Cockpit 115

Air Traffic Control 119

Industrial and Other Operations 123

The Computer in the Loop 125

Conclusion 128

8 Smart Weapons, Smart Soldiers 131

Introduction 131

Industrial War 132

Techno-Industrial War 135

The Postwar Transition 137

Quantity versus Quality 140

Trading Tooth for Tail 144

Conclusion 147

9 Unfriendly Fire 150

Introduction 150

A "Reasonable Choice of Disaster" 152

The USS Stark 154

Tragedy over the Persian Gulf 156

Conclusion 166

10 The Logistics of Techno-War 169

Introduction 169

The Gulf War 171

Redefining Effectiveness 182

Computers and the Transformation of War 184

11 C3I in Cyberspace

Introduction 188

The Ways and Means of Modern Warfare 191

Moving toward Cyberspace 199

The Virtual Battlefield 202

Conclusion 207

12 Invisible Idiots 210

Introduction 210

Standardization and Slack 212

Virtual Organizations in a Real World 214

Conclusion 216

Notes 219

Bibliography 265

Index 285

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