Trauma and Memory: Clinical and Legal Controversies / Edition 1

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Overview

The authenticity of memories of childhood sexual abuse has become one of the major social controversies of the 1990's. As persons who report histories of abuse have sought remedies in civil and criminal proceedings in the courts, the accuracy of their memories—particularly when they have been recalled after a period of time—has been subject to intense scrutiny.
This volume brings together many of the leading participants in the debate to provide a comprehensive picture of the psychological, physiological, and legal aspects of trauma. Beginning by defining the opposing positions in the debate, the contributors then offer a variety of perspectives on the nature of memory, including reviews of some of the most exciting recent developments in this fast-growing area of investigation. Next, consideration is given to the impact of trauma on memory, both in adults and in children. With this framework in place, the authors turn to an examination of the variety of treatment approaches available to victims of trauma, who are trying to cope with the painful consequences of those events. The book argues against a unidimensional approach to trauma, calling instead for a multidisciplinary synthesis that includes developmental, neurobiological, cognitive, and psychodynamic perspectives. Chapters address the legal dilemmas for patients, mental health professionals and society as a whole that have arisen from the trauma and memory controversy. Most importantly, the editors shift the focus of their discussion from the laboratory to the courtroom and from the research journal to the psychotherapist's office, looking at the issues from every relevant angle.
This is the only book in the field to treat the trauma and memory controversy comprehensively, from basic research on memory processes through clinical approaches to legal and policy issues. Trauma and Memory is a valuable tool for clinicians treating patients with traumatic memories. It is also intended for psychologists, physicians, social workers and lawyers who need a comprehensive reference on trauma and sexual abuse during childhood.

The book contains black-and-white illustrations.

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Editorial Reviews

From The Critics
Reviewer: Aimee St. Pierre, MD (Rush University Medical Center)
Description: This book addresses the topics of memory, traumatic memory and delayed recall, evaluation and treatment, and the clinical and legal controversies regarding these issues. It consists of a compilation of chapters contributed by recognized authorities in the field.
Purpose: The editors' intent is to illuminate the relationship between trauma and memory from both theoretical and clinical perspectives. The book addresses important issues of scientific, clinical, and legal interest in this rapidly evolving area of inquiry. The presentation is a balanced, thorough, and up-to-date review of the state of knowledge and the current controversies in this area.
Audience: This book is targeted to and will be of interest to practitioners, including psychotherapists and psychiatrists, and students in these fields. It will also be of particular interest to forensic subspecialists and attorneys. The author is a well-known and highly respected forensic psychiatrist.
Features: There are no illustrations used or needed. Current and useful references are provided at the end of each chapter. There is a highly detailed index. The book has a scholarly, text-like appearance.
Assessment: This comprehensive, well planned volume provides a scholarly and useful overview of a controversial subject. The authors are credible authorities in their respective subject areas, and a substantial presentation of the current understanding of the nature of memory is presented, as well as a diversity of opinions regarding the assessment and treatment of traumatic memory and its role in the legal system.
Journal of the American Medical Association
Trauma and Memory is an important book because it documents our current state of understanding. It should be read by both clinicians and researchers who are hoping to understand how victims of trauma forget, remember, cope, and survive.
Aimee St. Pierre
This book addresses the topics of memory, traumatic memory and delayed recall, evaluation and treatment, and the clinical and legal controversies regarding these issues. It consists of a compilation of chapters contributed by recognized authorities in the field. The editors' intent is to illuminate the relationship between trauma and memory from both theoretical and clinical perspectives. The book addresses important issues of scientific, clinical, and legal interest in this rapidly evolving area of inquiry. The presentation is a balanced, thorough, and up-to-date review of the state of knowledge and the current controversies in this area. This book is targeted to and will be of interest to practitioners, including psychotherapists and psychiatrists, and students in these fields. It will also be of particular interest to forensic subspecialists and attorneys. The author is a well-known and highly respected forensic psychiatrist. There are no illustrations used or needed. Current and useful references are provided at the end of each chapter. There is a highly detailed index. The book has a scholarly, text-like appearance. This comprehensive, well planned volume provides a scholarly and useful overview of a controversial subject. The authors are credible authorities in their respective subject areas, and a substantial presentation of the current understanding of the nature of memory is presented, as well as a diversity of opinions regarding the assessment and treatment of traumatic memory and its role in the legal system.

5 Stars! from Doody
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Product Details

  • ISBN-13: 9780195100655
  • Publisher: Oxford University Press, USA
  • Publication date: 5/28/1997
  • Edition description: New Edition
  • Edition number: 1
  • Pages: 568
  • Product dimensions: 6.50 (w) x 9.50 (h) x 1.25 (d)

Meet the Author

Paul S. Appelbaum, M.D., is the A.F. Zeleznik Distinguished Professor of Psychiatry, Chairman of the Department of Psychiatry, and Director of the Law and Psychiatry Program at the University of Massachusetts Medical Center, Worcester. His previous books include Almost a Revolution: Mental Health Law and the Limits of Change (OUP, 1994) and Informed Consent: Legal Theory and Clinical Practice (OUP, 1987).
Lisa A. Uyehara, M.D., formerly an Assistant Professor of Psychiatry at Tufts University Medical School, has a private practice in psychiatry and psychoanalysis.
Mark R. Elin, Ph.D., is Assistant Professor of Psychiatry at Tufts University Medical School and is a neuropsychologist at Baystate Medical Center, Springfield, MA.

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Table of Contents

I. The Controversy Over the Delayed Recall of Traumatic Memories
1. Some People Recover Memories of Childhood Trauma That Never Really Happened Ira E. Hyman, Jr. (Western Washington University) and Elizabeth F. Loftus (University of Washington)
2. The Argument for the Reality of the Delayed Recall of Trauma Richard P. Kluft (Temple University School of Medicine)
II. Current Concepts of Memory
3. Neuroanatomical Correlates of the Effects of Stress on Memory: Relevance to the Validity of Memories of Childhood Abuse J. Douglas Bremner, Steven M. Southwick, John H. Krystal, and Dennis S. Charney (All: Yale University School of Medicine)
4. Inaccuracy and Inaccessibility Memory Retrieval: Contributions from Cognitive Psychology and Neuropsychology Wilma Koutstaal and Daniel L. Schacter (Both: Harvard University)
5. Psychoanalysis, Memory, and Trauma Robert M. Galatzer-Levy (University of Chicago)
6. The Nature and Development of Children's Event Memory Michelle D. Leichtman (Harvard University), Stephen J. Ceci (Cornell University), Marjorie B. Morse (Harvard University)
7. An Integrative Developmental Model for Trauma and Memory Mark R. Elin (Tufts University School of Medicine)
III. The Memory of Trauma
8. Memory and Posttraumatic Stress Disorder Julia A. Golier (Yale University), Rachel Yehuda (Mt. Sinai School of Medicine), and Steven Southwick (Yale University)
9. Traumatic Memories Bessel van der Kolk (Boston University)
10. Continuous Memory, Amnesia, and Delayed Recall of Childhood Trauma: A Clinical Typology Mary Harvey and Judith Herman (Both: Harvard Medical School)
11. Traumatic Experiences: The Early Organization of Memory in Children and Adolescents Robert S. Pynoos, Lisa Aronson, and Alan M. Steinberg(All: University of California, Los Angeles)
IV. Trauma and Memory: Evaluation and Treatment
12. Psychoanalysis, Reconstruction, and the Recovery of Memory Howard B. Levine (Massachusetts Institute for Psychoanalysis)
13. Psychodynamic Therapy for Patients with Early Childhood Trauma Julia A. Matthews (University of Massachusetts Medical School) and James A. Chu (Harvard Medical School)
14. Hypnosis and Hypnotherapy Fred H. Frankel and Nicholas A. Covino (Both: Harvard Medical School)
15. Cognitive Therapy of Dissociative Identity Disorder Colin A. Ross (Southwestern Medical Center)
16. Memories of Trauma in the Treatment of Children Maria Sauzier (Harvard MedicalSchool)
17. Diagnosis, Pathogenesis, and Memories of Childhood Abuse Lisa A. Uyehara (Tufts University Medical School)
V. The Trauma Debate and the Legal System
18. Legal Rights of Trauma Victims Wendy J. Murphy (Law Firm of Brody, Hardoon,Perkins, and Kesten)
19. For Whom Does the Bell Toll? Repressed Memory and Challenges for the Law: Getting Beyond the Statute of Limitations Rose Zoltek-Jick (Northeastern University School of Law)
20. Ethical and Clinical Risk Management Principles in Recovered Memory Cases: Maintaining Therapist Neutrality Robert I. Simon (Georgetown University School of Law) and Thomas G. Guthiel (Harvard Medical School)
21. Child Victims in the Legal System Diane H. Schetky (University of Vermont College of Medicine)
VI. Reflections on Trauma and Memory
22. Reflections on Trauma and Memory Paul S. Appelbaum (University of Massachusetts Medical School)

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