Triangulating Peace: Democracy, Interdependence, and International Organizations / Edition 1

Triangulating Peace: Democracy, Interdependence, and International Organizations / Edition 1

by John R. Oneal, Bruce Russett

Does democracy reduce conflict?See more details below


Does democracy reduce conflict?

Product Details

Norton, W. W. & Company, Inc.
Publication date:
The Norton Series in World Politics Series
Edition description:
New Edition
Sales rank:
Product dimensions:
6.10(w) x 9.30(h) x 0.90(d)

Table of Contents

1International Systems: Vicious Circles and Virtuous Circles15
The Modern State System16
Anarchy as a Potentially Vicious Circle22
The Creation of Virtuous Circles24
Background and Legacy of the European Achievement29
A Complex System of Interactions Supporting Peace33
The Kantian Triangle35
2From Democratic Peace to Kantian Peace43
Democracy as the Focus44
Two Dimensions: Pairs of States and Individual States47
Theories of the Dyadic Democratic Peace: Culture or Structure?53
The Convergence and Expansion of Theories58
Common Interests59
Conflict Management64
Why Do Democracies Win the Wars They Fight?66
The Domestic Conflict-Foreign Conflict Puzzle68
Civil Wars70
Beyond the "Democratic" Peace71
Democracy and Political Integration74
Legitimacy, Liberalism, and Society76
3Democracy Reduces Conflict81
The Epidemiology of War and Peace82
What Causes or Constrains States' Use of Force?85
A Database for Epidemiological Studies of Interstate Conflict91
Militarized Disputes94
Influences and Constraints: Democracy97
Realist Constraints100
Analyzing the Global Experience of a Century104
Was the Effect of Democracy Different in Different Periods?111
Peaceful Autocracies?114
Are Political Transitions Dangerous?116
More Democracy and More Peace122
4Both Democracy and Economic Interdependence Reduce Conflict125
The Liberal Peace: Classical Perspectives and Recent Research127
Analytical Problems133
Testing the Effects of Trade138
Trade Does Reduce Conflict145
Are Open Economies More Pacific?148
Economic Growth and Conflict151
Economic Interdependence and Peace154
5International Organizations Also Reduce Conflict157
Networks of Intergovernmental Organizations159
Why and How IGOs Might Matter161
Indirect Effects and Reverse Causality167
The Analysis of Dense Networks169
International Organizations Also Reduce Disputes171
World War I as an Example174
Systemic Changes over Time177
Or Is It Hegemony That Reduces Violence?184
Coercion or Persuasion?191
The Three Kantian Legs193
6Virtuous Circles and Indirect Influences197
Two Questions We Cannot Settle Here198
United Nations Peace-Building through Democracy200
The Effort in Mozambique206
Do IGOs Promote Peace, or Vice Versa?212
Who Trades with Whom?218
Interests, Preferences, and Alliances228
7Clash of Civilizations, or Realism and Liberalism Deja Vu?239
Civilizations and Identity242
Exploring the Effects of Civilizational Differences246
Designing a Simple Test250
Civilizational, Realist, and Liberal Influences on Conflict253
What Are the Patterns of Conflict within and between Particular Civilizations?255
Do Regional Hegemonies Reduce the Likelihood of Conflict?260
Does the Clash of Civilizations Grow over Time?262
Are Civilizations the Prime Mover?264
The Insignificance of Civilizational Differences267
8The Kantian Peace in the Twenty-First Century271
The Evidence for a Kantian Peace273
Incorporating Russia and China into the Kantian System282
Russia's Options285
How to Avoid the Dangers of a Russia-China Alliance286
Why Not Bring Russia into NATO?288
How Would the Chinese React?292
The False Hope of Hegemony297
Appendix: Methods and Tables307

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