Triumphs And Tragedies Of The Modern Presidency / Edition 1

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In early 2000, the Center for the Study of the Presidency organized a group of eminent scholars to examine key cases of Presidential success and failure and the lessons learned. Leading presidential researchers and writers provided 76 case studies organized in nine broad subject areas.

After surveying the broad sweep of presidential concerns, the scholars examine the First One Hundred Days of an Administration from FDR onward. They then review Executive-Legislative Relations, Domestic Policy, Fiscal Policy and International Economics, National Security Institutions and Decision Making, Foreign Interventions and Interactions, Managing the Executive Branch, Presidential Continuity: The Use of Individuals Across Administrations; and Presidential Crises: Watergate, Iran-Contra, and Impeachment. Must reading for executive branch figures and scholars, researchers, and the interested public concerned with presidential issues and American political history.

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Editorial Reviews

In a document originally prepared to help whoever would be elected US president in 2000 understand the potential pitfalls and unintended consciences of his actions, historians and journalists describe the most notable successes and failures of US president since Woodrow Wilson. They look at the first hundred days of several administrations, relations with the legislature, domestic policy, fiscal policy and international economics, national security, foreign interventions and interactions, managing the executive branch, and continuity across administrations. They also examine Watergate, Iran-Contra, and impeachment as examples of crises. There are no references. Annotation c. Book News, Inc., Portland, OR (
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Product Details

  • ISBN-13: 9780275973520
  • Publisher: ABC-CLIO, Incorporated
  • Publication date: 1/1/2001
  • Edition description: New Edition
  • Edition number: 1
  • Pages: 354
  • Sales rank: 1,046,097
  • Product dimensions: 6.00 (w) x 9.00 (h) x 0.79 (d)

Meet the Author

DAVID M. ABSHIRE is President of the Center for the Study of the Presidency. He is also co-founder, vice-chairman, and former CEO of the Center for Strategic and International Studies.

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Table of Contents

Prologue: Triumphs and Tragedies of the Modern Presidency
Council of Scholars
I Common Threads and Lessons Learned 1
II The "First One Hundred Days" of an Administration 19
Franklin D. Roosevelt's "First Hundred Days" 20
Dwight D. Eisenhower's "First Hundred Days" 21
John F. Kennedy's "First One Hundred Days" 23
The "First One Hundred Days" of Lyndon Baines Johnson 25
Richard Nixon's "First One Hundred Days" 27
Jimmy Carter: Transition and Early Presidency 32
Ronald Reagan's "One Hundred Days" 36
Ronald Reagan: Putting Together an Early Action Plan 38
George H. W. Bush: Transition and Early Presidency 41
The Clinton Presidency: "The First One Hundred Days" 44
The Presidential "One Hundred Days:" An Overview 47
III Executive-Legislative Relations 53
The Versailles Treaty 54
Creation and Implementation of the Marshall Plan, 1947-1948 56
The Ratification of NATO: Executive-Legislative Cooperation and an Unprecedented Commitment in U.S. Foreign Policy 59
Passage of the Civil Rights Act of 1964 62
Lessons from the Tax Reform Act of 1986 64
Deficit Reduction in 1993: Clinton's Budget 66
President Clinton's Health Care Reform Proposals of 1994 69
The Balanced Budget Act of 1997 71
The 1999 Comprehensive Nuclear Test Ban Treaty 74
IV Domestic Policy 79
The 1956 Federal Highway Act 80
JFK's "Man to the Moon" 81
The Creation of the Environmental, Protection Agency 84
Trio of Native American Uprising During the Nixon Presidency 88
The Nixon Administration Implements School Desegregation 91
President Ford's Pardon of Richard M. Nixon 94
The Superconducting Supercollider 97
The International Space Station 99
The Genesis of the Human Genome Project 101
The Global Positioning System 106
V Fiscal Policy and International Economics 113
The Bretton Woods Institution 114
Leadership in Establishing the Office of the Special Trade Representative 115
The 1971 China Shock 118
The 1971 Dollar Shock and the 1973 Smithsonian Agreement 121
Economic "Shocks" in U.S.-Japan Relations 125
The Greenspan Commission and the Social Security Reforms of 1983 129
The U.S.-Japan Framework for a New Economic Partnership 132
The Mexican Financial Crisis and U.S. Financial Rescue 138
The National Economic Council and the Economic Policy Board 140
The International Financial Crisis of 1997-1998 143
U.S.-Japan Relations During the Asian Financial Crisis 147
VI National Security Institutions and Decision Making 151
President Eisenhower Establishes His National Security Process 152
Public Diplomacy: How America Communicates with Others 154
Reconciling Defense and Detente in NATO: The 1967 Harmel Report 157
The Scowcroft Commission 160
The National Bipartisan (Kissinger) Commission on Central America, 1983-1984 164
Re-Opening Agreements: The FSX Controversy 166
The Enlargement of NATO, 1994-1999 170
Presidential Leadership: Bill Clinton and "NATO Enlargement" 173
Miscalculations Leading to Conflict 178
VII Foreign Interventions and Interactions 181
The Bay of Pigs Invasion, 1961 182
The Cuban Missile Crisis: Decision Making Under Pressure 184
The Vietnam War 187
Okinawa Reversion in the Nixon Administration 191
Nixon's Opening to China 195
Lessons From Carter's Camp David Summit 197
Lessons for the Next Administration on the "Consequences of Japan Passing" 199
Reagan and Lebanon 204
Strategic Partners: Reagan and Nakasone 206
The New Era: Reagan and Gorbachev 208
The U.S.-Panama Crisis: Lessons in Effectiveness of Coercive Diplomatic Measures 212
Presidential Leadership: The Case of German Unification, 1989-1990 217
The U.S. and Iraq, 1990-1991 220
Bush, Clinton, and Somalia 226
The "Japan By-Pass" and Clinton's 1998 Trip to China 232
Kosovo, March 1999-June 1999 235
VIII Managing the Executive Branch 243
The President's Managerial Leadership Responsibilities 244
The Ash Council Recommendations 256
Transforming FEMA 268
Mobilizing for Y2K 270
Technology Policy in the First Clinton Administration 273
IX Presidential Continuity: The Use of Individuals Across Administrations
The Mansfield Transition 278
Reagan's Democrat: Max Kampelman 279
Staying the Course: Paul Volcker 281
Back to the Future: Alan Greenspan 282
A Case of Presidential Continuity: Dennis Ross 283
X Presidential Crises: Watergate, Iran-Contra, and Impeachment 285
Presidents in Crisis: Watergate, Iran-Contra, and President Clinton's Impeachment 286
Watergate 286
Iran-Contra 290
President Clinton's Impeachment 295
Comparing Three Presidents in Crisis 298
Contributors 303
Board to Trustees 309
Acknowledgments 311
Bibliography 312
Index 320
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