Truth in Context: An Essay on Pluralism and Objectivity

Truth in Context: An Essay on Pluralism and Objectivity

by Michael P. Lynch
     
 

ISBN-10: 026262155X

ISBN-13: 9780262621557

Pub. Date: 09/01/2001

Publisher: MIT Press

A Choice Outstanding Academic Title for
1999

Academic debates about pluralism and truth have become increasingly polarized in recent years. One side embraces extreme relativism,
deeming any talk of objective truth as philosophically naïve. The opposition,
frequently arguing that any sort of relativism leads to nihilism, insists on an

Overview

A Choice Outstanding Academic Title for
1999

Academic debates about pluralism and truth have become increasingly polarized in recent years. One side embraces extreme relativism,
deeming any talk of objective truth as philosophically naïve. The opposition,
frequently arguing that any sort of relativism leads to nihilism, insists on an objective notion of truth according to which there is only one true story of the world. Both sides agree that there is no middle path.

In
Truth in Context, Michael Lynch argues that there is a middle path, one where metaphysical pluralism is consistent with a robust realism about truth. Drawing on the work of Hilary Putnam, W.V.O. Quine, and Ludwig Wittgenstein,
among others, Lynch develops an original version of metaphysical pluralism, which he calls relativistic Kantianism. He argues that one can take facts and propositions as relative without implying that our ordinary concept of truth is a relative,
epistemic, or "soft" concept. The truths may be relative, but our concept of truth need not be.

Product Details

ISBN-13:
9780262621557
Publisher:
MIT Press
Publication date:
09/01/2001
Series:
Bradford Books Series
Edition description:
New Edition
Pages:
196
Product dimensions:
6.00(w) x 9.00(h) x 0.50(d)
Age Range:
18 Years

Table of Contents

Prefaceix
Introduction1
1The Faces of Pluralism9
1.1The Problem9
1.2Faces of Absolutism13
1.3The Move to Pluralism16
1.4Metaphysical Pluralism20
1.5Facts and Content24
1.6Three Objections27
2Understanding Conceptual Schemes31
2.1Three Models31
2.2The Kantian Model32
2.3The Quinean Model35
2.4The Wittgensteinian Model41
2.5The Very Idea49
3Extending Our Worldview55
3.1Concepts: Two Pictures55
3.2Conceptual Fluidity and Family Resemblance62
3.3Conceptual Fluidity and Minimal Concepts66
3.4Concepts and Change73
4The Nature of Existence77
4.1Dilemmas Confronted77
4.2Objects and Existence81
4.3Dilemmas Resolved91
4.4The Idealism Objection97
5The Currents of Truth101
5.1What Is Realism about Truth?101
5.2Antirealism about Truth: Epistemic Theories102
5.3Antirealism about Truth: Deflationary Theories111
5.4The Correspondence Theory and Pluralism119
5.5Minimal Realism about Truth125
5.6Relative Truth136
6The True and the Real141
6.1Relativism, Inconsistency, and Self-Reference141
6.2On Stepping Outside of My Own Skin145
6.3Evaluating Schemes147
6.4Facing the Noumena151
6.5The Purpose of Metaphysics155
Notes159
References169
Index177

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