Tsunamis: Giant Waves from the Sea

Overview

The Hazardous Earth is an eight-volume set that provides students with a comprehensive account of natural hazards-the geologic processes that create conditions dangerous to humans-and what can be done to minimize their effects. Designed to complement science curricula, the books present vivid accounts of historic disasters and events that have shaped history and serve as warnings for future generations.

Tsunamis explores the many aspects of the formation, movement, and ...

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Overview

The Hazardous Earth is an eight-volume set that provides students with a comprehensive account of natural hazards-the geologic processes that create conditions dangerous to humans-and what can be done to minimize their effects. Designed to complement science curricula, the books present vivid accounts of historic disasters and events that have shaped history and serve as warnings for future generations.

Tsunamis explores the many aspects of the formation, movement, and devastating effects of seismic sea waves, most of which are generated by the sudden displacement of the seafloor. The book discusses the mechanisms triggering tsunamis-earthquakes, volcanic eruptions, landslides, and other events-different types of tsunami warning systems, notable tsunamis worldwide, and the technology behind their identification and tracking. Sidebars throughout the book clarify fundamental concepts about plate tectonics and associated geologic hazards and provide compelling firsthand accounts of tsunamis and their impact on the environment.

The volume includes information on: historical tsunami disasters, the Indian Ocean tsunami of December 26, 2004, landslide-induced tsunamis, physics of tsunami movement, predicting tsunamis, reducing the threat from tsunamis, triggering mechanisms for tsunamis, tsunamis in the 21st century, volcanic-induced tsunamis, waves similar to tsunamis.

The book contains more than 50 black-and-white photographs and line illustrations, a glossary of terms, a detailed list of print and Internet resources, and an index. The Hazardous Earth set is essential for middle and high school students, teachers, and general readers who seek comprehensive information on geologicprocesses that are hazardous to society and the environment.

About the Author:
Timothy Kusky, Ph.D. is the Paul C. Reinert Professor of Natural Sciences and director of the Center for Environmental Sciences at Saint Louis University, Missouri

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Product Details

  • ISBN-13: 9780816064649
  • Publisher: Facts on File, Incorporated
  • Publication date: 4/28/2008
  • Series: The Hazardous Earth Series
  • Pages: 160
  • Age range: 11 - 17 Years
  • Product dimensions: 7.40 (w) x 9.40 (h) x 0.30 (d)

Table of Contents


Preface     xi
Acknowledgments     xiii
Introduction     xv
Triggering Mechanisms for Tsunamis     1
Plate Tectonics and Tsunami Generation     1
Earthquake-Induced Tsunamis     4
Volcanic Eruption-Induced Tsunamis     7
Landslide-Induced Tsunamis     12
Prediction of a Future Atlantic Tsunami from Collapse of Cumbre Vieja Volcano, Canary Islands     16
Natural Gas and Gas Hydrate Eruption-Induced Tsunamis     18
Gas Hydrates and Future Energy Resources     19
Other Tsunamis     20
Conclusion     20
Physics of Tsunami Movement     22
Movement in Open Ocean     23
The Physics of Wind-Blown Waves     24
Encounter with Shallow Water     28
Tsunami Run-Up     33
Force of Tsunami Impact and Backwash     35
Conclusion     37
Waves Similar to Tsunamis     38
Seiche Waves and Meteorological Tsunamis     38
Tidal Surges     40
Storm Surges     43
Storm Surge from the Galveston Island Hurricane, 1900     45
Conclusion     47
Historical Tsunami Disasters     49
Earthquake-Induced Tsunamis     49
Volcanic Eruption-Induced Tsunamis     70
Firsthand Accounts of the Tsunami from the Eruption of Krakatau     76
Landslide-Induced Tsunamis     78
Conclusion     86
The Indian Ocean Tsunami of December 26, 2004     87
Tectonic Setting and Earthquake     88
Movement of the December 26 Tsunami across the Indian Ocean     93
Ten-Year-Old Tilly Smith Recognizes Tsunami Warning Signs and Saves 100 Lives     95
Effects of the Tsunami on Coastal Communities of the Indian Ocean     95
Environmental Impact of the Tsunami     99
Tsunami Uncovers Lost City of Mahabalipuram, India     99
Conclusion     100
Reducing the Threat from Tsunamis     101
Monitoring Tsunami Threats     101
Reduction of Loss from Future Tsunamis through Ecosystem Preservation     102
Predicting Tsunamis     103
Tsunami Hazard Zones and Risk Mapping     104
Tsunami Warning Systems     104
Knowing When a Tsunami Is Imminent     106
Public Education and Knowing How to Respond     107
Tsunamis in the Twenty-First Century     108
Conclusion     108
Summary      110
Glossary     113
Further Reading and Web Sites     121
Index     127
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