Turbo Coding, Turbo Equalisation and Space-Time Coding: EXIT-Chart-Aided Near-Capacity Designs for Wireless Channels / Edition 2

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Covering the full range of channel codes from the most conventional through to the most advanced, the second edition of Turbo Coding, Turbo Equalisation and Space-Time Coding is a self-contained reference on channel coding for wireless channels. The book commences with a historical perspective on the topic, which leads to two basic component codes, convolutional and block codes. It then moves on to turbo codes which exploit iterative decoding by using algorithms, such as the Maximum-A-Posteriori (MAP), Log-MAP and Soft Output Viterbi Algorithm (SOVA), comparing their performance. It also compares Trellis Coded Modulation (TCM), Turbo Trellis Coded Modulation (TTCM), Bit-Interleaved Coded Modulation (BICM) and Iterative BICM (BICM-ID) under various channel conditions. The horizon of the content is then extended to incorporate topics which have found their way into diverse standard systems. These include space-time block and trellis codes, as well as other Multiple-Input Multiple-Output (MIMO) schemes and near-instantaneously Adaptive Quadrature Amplitude Modulation (AQAM). The book also elaborates on turbo equalisation by providing a detailed portrayal of recent advances in partial response modulation schemes using diverse channel codes. A radically new aspect for this second edition is the discussion of multi-level coding and sphere-packing schemes, Extrinsic Information Transfer (EXIT) charts, as well as an introduction to the family of Generalized Low Density Parity Check codes. This new edition includes recent advances in near-capacity turbo-transceivers as well as new sections on multi-level coding schemes and of Generalized Low Density Parity Check codes
• Comparatively studies diverse channel coded and turbo detected systems to give all-inclusive information for researchers, engineers and students
• Details EXIT-chart based irregular transceiver designs
• Uses rich performance comparisons as well as diverse near-capacity design

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Product Details

  • ISBN-13: 9780470972908
  • Publisher: Wiley
  • Publication date: 5/3/2011
  • Series: Wiley - IEEE Series , #19
  • Edition number: 2
  • Pages: 676
  • Product dimensions: 6.90 (w) x 9.90 (h) x 1.60 (d)

Meet the Author

Lajos Hanzo received his Doctorate in 1983 from theTechnical University of Budapest. In 2010 he was awarded theuniversity's highest honour, namely the Honorary Doctorate "DoctorHonaris Causa". During his 34-year career in telecommunications hehas held various research and academic posts in Hungary, Germanyand the UK. Since 1986 he has been a member of academic staff inthe School of Electronics and Computer Science, University ofSouthampton, UK, where he currently holds the Chair inTelecommunications and he is head of the Communications ResearchArea. He is also a Chaired Professor at Tsinghua University,Beijing, China. Lajos Hanzo has co-authored 20 John Wiley/IEEEPress books on mobile radio communications, and published over 1000research papers and book chapters at IEEE Xplore. He has alsoorganised and chaired major IEEE conferences, such as WCNC'2006,WCNC'2009, VTC'2011, presented Tutorial/overview lectures atinternational conferences.

Tong Hooi Liew received his PhD degree in 2001 from theUniversity of Southampton, UK. Following a one year spell aspostdoctoral research fellow, he joined Ubinetcs in Cambridge, UKin algorithm design for 3G mobile station. He then joined TTP Groupas a consultant working in mobile TV. Currently he is working as aconsultant for Aeroflex in both physical layer and Layer 2 invarious wireless technologies like 3G HSPA, HSPA+, LTE and advancedLTE wireless systems. He has over 40 publications in books, bookchapters, journal and conference papers. His research interests areassociated with coding and modulation for wireless channels,space-time coding and adaptive transceivers.

Ronald Yee Siong Tee received his PhD degree from theUniversity of Southampton in 2008. He was previously involved inresearch collaboration with Nokia UK in signal processing andhandwriting recognition in 2000. From 2001 to 2002 he worked atNortel Networks Switzerland in the area of data and opticalnetwork. In 2003, he was with a local Singapore IT company, wherehe headed the telecommunication business. Dr. Tee is the recipientof several academic awards, including the Overseas Research Scheme,the ASEAN scholarship, and the Malaysian Government studentships.He is currently with Ernst & Young London, working in forensictechnology and electronic disclosure.

Bee Leong Yeap received his PhD in 2000 from theUniversity of Southampton, having been fully funded by theUniversity's Communications Group and the Overseas ResearchStudentship. He continued his research as a postdoctoral researchfellow in Southampton until 2004, working on EU projects such asTRUST and SCOUT. In 2004, he joined RadioScape Plc, London todevelop commercial DAB, DRM and DMB receivers. Subsequently from2008, he has been with Motorola Ltd, Ashburton designingPoint-to-Point Wireless Ethernet bridges, which are used to provideconnectivity and backhaul for network carriers, EducationalBroadcast Service and Federal agencies. To date, he has publishedtwo John Wiley/IEEE Press books and over 30 research papers. Hisresearch interests include MIMO systems, turbo coding, LDPC, turboequalisation, space-time coding and adaptive modulation.

Soon Xin Ng received the Ph.D. degree in wirelesscommunications from the University of Southampton, UK, in December2002. From 2003 to 2006, he was a postdoctoral research fellowworking on collaborative European research projects known as SCOUT,NEWCOM and PHOENIX. Since August 2006, he has been a member ofacademic staff in the School of Electronics and Computer Science,University of Southampton. He is involved in the OPTIMIX Europeanproject as well as the IU-ATC and UC4G projects. His researchinterests include adaptive coded modulation, coded modulation,channel coding, space-time coding, joint source and channel coding,iterative detection, OFDM, MIMO, cooperative communications anddistributed coding. He has published over 120 papers andco-authored two John Wiley/IEEE Press books in this field. He is asenior member of the IEEE and a fellow of the Higher EducationAcademy in the UK.

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Table of Contents

About the Authors.

Other Related Wiley–IEEE Press Books.


1 Historical Perspective, Motivation and Outline.

1.1 A Historical Perspective on Channel Coding.

1.2 Motivation for this Book.

1.3 Organisation of the Book.

1.4 NovelContributions of the Book.

2 Convolutional Channel Coding.

2.1 Brief Channel Coding History.

2.2 Convolutional Encoding.

2.3 State and Trellis Transitions.

2.4 The Viterbi Algorithm.

2.5 Summary and Conclusions.

3 Soft Decoding and Performance of BCH Codes.

3.1 Introduction.

3.2 BCH codes.

3.3 Trellis Decoding.

3.4 Soft-input Algebraic Decoding.

3.5 Summary and Conclusions.

Part I Turbo Convolutional and Turbo Block Coding.

4 Turbo Convolutional Coding (J. P. Woodard and L.Hanzo).

4.1 Introduction.

4.2 Turbo Encoder.

4.3 Turbo Decoder.

4.4 Turbo-coded BPSK Performance over Gaussian Channels.

4.5 Turbo Coding Performance over Rayleigh Channels.

4.6 Summary and Conclusions.

5 Turbo BCH Coding.

5.1 Introduction.

5.2 Turbo Encoder.

5.3 Turbo Decoder.

5.4 Turbo Decoding Example.

5.5 MAP Algorithm for Extended BCH Codes.

5.6 Simulation Results.

5.7 Summary and Conclusions.

Part II Space–time Block and Space–time TrellisCoding.

6 Space–time Block Codes.

6.1 Classification of Smart Antennas.

6.2 Introduction to Space–time Coding.

6.3 Background.

6.4 Space–time Block Codes.

6.5 Channel-coded Space–time Block Codes.

6.6 Performance Results.

6.7 Summary and Conclusions.

7 Space–time Trellis Codes.

7.1 Introduction.

7.2 Space–time Trellis Codes.

7.3 Space–time-coded Transmission over WidebandChannels.

7.4 Simulation Results.

7.5 Space–time-coded Adaptive Modulation for OFDM.

7.6 Summary and Conclusions.

8 Turbo-coded Adaptive Modulation versus Space–timeTrellis Codes for Transmission over Dispersive Channels.

8.1 Introduction.

8.2 System Overview.

8.3 Simulation Parameters.

8.4 Simulation Results.

8.5 Summary and Conclusions.

Part III Turbo Equalisation.

9 Turbo-coded Partial-response Modulation.

9.1 Motivation.

9.2 The Mobile Radio Channel.

9.3 Continuous Phase Modulation Theory.

9.4 Digital Frequency Modulation Systems.

9.5 State Representation.

9.6 Spectral Performance.

9.7 Construction of Trellis-based Equaliser States.

9.8 Soft-output GMSK Equaliser and Turbo Coding.

9.9 Summary and Conclusions.

10 Turbo Equalisation for Partial-response Systems.

10.1 Motivation.

10.2 Principle of Turbo Equalisation Using Single/MultipleDecoder(s).

10.3 Soft-in/Soft-out Equaliser for Turbo Equalisation.

10.4 Soft-in/Soft-out Decoder for Turbo Equalisation.

10.5 Turbo Equalisation Example.

10.6 Summary of Turbo Equalisation.

10.7 Performance of Coded GMSK Systems Using TurboEqualisation.

10.8 Discussion of Results.

10.9 Summary and Conclusions.

11 Comparative Study of Turbo Equalisers.

11.1 Motivation.

11.2 SystemOverview.

11.3 Simulation Parameters.

11.4 Results and Discussion.

11.5 Non-iterative Joint Channel Equalisation and Decoding.

11.6 Summary and Conclusions.

12 Reduced-complexity Turbo Equaliser.

12.1 Motivation.

12.2 Complexity of the Multilevel Full-response TurboEqualiser.

12.3 System Model.

12.4 In-phase/Quadrature-phase Equaliser Principle.

12.5 Overview of  the Reduced-complexity TurboEqualiser.

12.6 Complexity of the In-phase/Quadrature-phase TurboEqualiser.

12.7 System Parameters.

12.8 System Performance.

12.9 Summary and Conclusions.

13 Turbo Equalisation for Space–time Trellis-codedSystems.

13.1 Introduction.

13.2 System Overview.

13.3 Principle of In-phase/Quadrature-phase TurboEqualisation.

13.4 Complexity Analysis.

13.5 Results and Discussion.

13.6 Summary and Conclusions.

Part IV Coded and Space–time-Coded Adaptive Modulation:TCM, TTCM, BICM, BICM-ID and MLC.

14 Coded Modulation Theory and Performance.

14.1 Introduction.

14.2 Trellis-coded Modulation.

14.3 The Symbol-based MAP Algorithm.

14.4 Turbo Trellis-coded Modulation.

14.5 Bit-interleaved Coded Modulation.

14.6 Bit-interleaved Coded Modulation Using IterativeDecoding.

14.7 Coded Modulation Performance.

14.8 Near-capacity Turbo Trellis-coded Modulation Design Basedon EXIT Charts and Union Bounds.

14.9 Summary and Conclusions.

15 Multilevel Coding Theory.

15.1 Introduction.

15.2 Multilevel Coding.

15.3 Bit-interleaved Coded Modulation.

15.4 Bit-interleaved Coded Modulation Using IterativeDecoding.

15.5 Conclusion.

16 MLC Design Using EXIT Analysis.

16.1 Introduction.

16.2 Comparative Study of Coded Modulation Schemes.

16.3 EXIT-chart Analysis.

16.4 Precoder-aided MLC.

16.5 Chapter Conclusions.

17 Sphere Packing-aided Space–timeMLC/BICMDesign.

17.1 Introduction.

17.2 Space–time Block Code.

17.3 Orthogonal G2 Design Using Sphere Packing.

17.4 Iterative Demapping for Sphere Packing.



17.7 Chapter Conclusions.

18 MLC/BICMSchemes for theWireless Internet.

18.1 Introduction.

18.2 Multilevel Generalised Low-density Parity-check Codes.

18.3 An Iterative Stopping Criterion for MLC-GLDPCs.

18.4 Coding for theWireless Internet.

18.5 LT-BICM-ID Using LLR Packet Reliability Estimation.

18.6 Chapter Conclusions.

19 Near-capacity Irregular BICM-ID Design.

19.1 Introduction.

19.2 Irregular Bit-interleaved Coded Modulation Schemes.

19.3 EXIT-chart Analysis.

19.4 Irregular Components.

19.5 Simulation Results.

19.6 Chapter Conclusions.

20 Summary and Conclusions.

20.1 Summary of the Book.

20.2 Future Work.

20.3 Concluding Remarks.


Subject Index.

Author Index.

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