Turkey: A Modern History

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This substantially revised edition of Erik J. Zurcher's acclaimed and definitive history builds upon the themes of Turkey's continuing incorporation into the West and the modernization of its state and society. It begins with the forging of closer links with Europe following the French Revolution, charts the fortunes of the Ottoman Empire in the nineteenth century and offers a strongly revisionist interpretation of the role of Turkey's founding father, Kemal Ataturk. In exploring the post-1950 period the author focuses on issues such as the growth of mass politics; internal and external migration, military coups and Turkey's human rights record; the transition from statism to an export-oriented market economy, Turkey's ambivalent relations with the Middle East and Europe; the growth of Islamism; the Kurdish question and the contested nature of Turkish identity.

Turkey's most recent history has been marked by momentous political transformation and the rapid evolution of all aspects of its cultural, social, and economic life. The most significant of these is arguably the rise of political Islam -- which has called into question the fundamental tenets of the Kemalist state -- with the success of the Islamic Welfare Party in the 1990s. Although that seemed to fit in with the trends in the Islamic world, the most recent developments set Turkey apart. The moderately Islamic Justice and Development Party has emerged as the dominant force in Turkish politics and it is using its mandate to speed up the political and economic reforms that are needed to fulfill Turkey's longstanding ambition to join the European Union. At a time of continuing transformation in the region, this standard work is essential reading for all those concerned with modern Turkey and its foundations.

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Editorial Reviews

From the Publisher
"Zurcher's book will make an excellent textbook for students approaching the study of Turkey for the first time, in addition to serving as a valuable aid to scholars looking for a comprehensive, well-written fusion of differing interpretations of Turkish history...This book is destined to remain a standard text in its field."—Lawrence Tel, International Affairs

"...a valuable addition to scholarly literature."—Andrew Mango, TLS

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Product Details

  • ISBN-13: 9781850436140
  • Publisher: St. Martin's Press
  • Publication date: 3/1/1993
  • Pages: 500
  • Product dimensions: 5.81 (w) x 8.76 (h) x 1.60 (d)

Meet the Author

Erik J. Zürcher is Professor of Turkish Studies at the University of Leiden.

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Table of Contents

List of Maps
Introduction: Periodization, Theory and Methodology 1
Pt. I Western Influences and Early Attempts at Modernization
1 The Ottoman Empire at the end of the Eighteenth Century 11
2 Between Tradition and Innovation: Sultan Selim III and the 'New Order', 1789-1807 23
3 The Early Years of Sultan Mahmut II: the centre tries to regain control 32
4 The Later Years of Sultan Mahmut II: the start of the reforms 38
5 The Era of the Tanzimat, 1839-71 52
6 The Crisis of 1873-8 and its Aftermath 75
7 Reactionary Despotism or Culmination of the Reforms: The reign of Sultan Abdulhamit II 80
Pt. II The Young Turk Era in Turkish History, 1908-50
8 The Second Constitutional Period 97
9 The Struggle for Independence 138
10 The Emergence of the One-Party State, 1923-7 173
11 The Kemalist One-Party State, 1925-45 184
12 The Transition to Democracy, 1945-50 215
Pt. III A Troubled Democracy
13 The Rule of the Democratic Party, 1950-60 231
14 The Second Turkish Republic, 1960-80 253
15 The Third Republic: Turkey since 1980 292
Maps 323
Bibliographical Survey 326
Biographical Notes: some important figures in Ottoman and Turkish history 344
Index 373
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