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Tutankhamun may have been the boy king, but he had a lot of muscle behind him, as did his father Akhenaten, "the heretic king," and their successors in the Eighteenth Dynasty. As you'll discover in Tutankhamun's Armies, the ancient Egyptian Empire could not and did not endure without two key elements: a strong king skilled in the physical arts of war as well as the mental disciplines of strategy and diplomacy; and a large, complex, and sophisticated armed force equipped with ...
Tutankhamun may have been the boy king, but he had a lot of muscle behind him, as did his father Akhenaten, "the heretic king," and their successors in the Eighteenth Dynasty. As you'll discover in Tutankhamun's Armies, the ancient Egyptian Empire could not and did not endure without two key elements: a strong king skilled in the physical arts of war as well as the mental disciplines of strategy and diplomacy; and a large, complex, and sophisticated armed force equipped with state-of-the-art weaponry for battle on land and sea.
Based on ancient Egyptian texts and diplomatic correspondence, inscriptions on stone monuments, and information gleaned, from a host of ancient artifacts and private tombs, this in-depth exploration of pharaoh's army fills a yawning gap in our understanding of ancient Egyptian military history, and thus, the civilization as a whole.
Yale University Egyptologists John Darnell and Colleen Manassa develop a vivid picture of the forces, engagements, weaponry, strategies, tactics, and political machinations that characterized warfare during the Amarna period of the New Kingdom (1550-1335) B.C.E). It was a time when great empires vied for power and mighty kings and wily princes went to any length to secure alliances and destroy their enemies.
From the daily experiences of the common soldier to the strategic decision s of pharaoh and his top generals, this engaging chronicle examines every aspect of the military life of the period. It reveals how the nature of warfare was transformed by the arrival of two powerful new weapons, the chariot and the composite bow, and explores subtle differences in the Egyptians' tactical approach depending on the nature and strength of the opposition, the terrain in which the conflict took place, and the political objective that Pharaoh hoped to achieve.
The authors also offer intriguing profiles of Egypt's enemies, including the powerful Hittite Empire of modern-day Turkey and the contentious city-states of Syria and Palestine. Closer to home were the on-again, off-again subject state of Nubia, the source of most of Egypt's gold, and the fierce monads of the Libyan Desert and mountains, where Egypt's chariots were of little use in battle.
Compete with a detailed introduction to the historical and geographical background of ancient Egypt and a concise history of military developments and actions in the pre-Amarna Period, Tutankhamun's Armies adds a new dimension to our understanding of ancient Egypt and the harsh reality behind its architectural splendor and dazzling treasures.
Note to the Reader.
1 Land of Desert and Nile.
2 The Amarna Interlude.
The Founding of the New Kingdom.
Amunhotep III: The King as Solar Disk.
Akhenaten: The Solar Disk as King.
Four Features of Atenism.
Aket-aten: A New Capital.
The “Amarna” Style of Art.
Proscription of Other Deities.
The Importance of Women at Amarna.
Atenism: Re-creation of Creation.
The Location of Akhet-aten: The Home of the Ogdoad.
Akhenaten as Creator Deity.
The Gods Have Not Yet Been Born.
The Female Light Powers.
Ankh(et)kheperure Neferneferuaten and Smenkhkare: The Ephemeral Kings.
Tutankhamun: The Boy King.
After Tutankhamun: Aye.
Horemhab: The General.
3 Trampling the Nine Bows: Military Forces and Weaponry.
Branches of the Egyptian Military.
Weapons and Armor.
Horses and Chariots.
Clothing, Armor, and Defensive Weapons.
Fortifications, Camps, and Siege Technology.
4 Land of Gold: The Southern Empire.
Egyptian Fortifications in Nubia.
The Southern Border of the New Kingdom.
The Viceroys of Nubia.
Amarna Cities in Nubia.
The Tutankhamun Stela from Kurkur Oasis.
Nubian Wars of the Amarna Period.
The Spoils of Battle: Durbars of Akhenaten and Tutankhamun.
The Nubian Experience of Colonization.
5 Wretched Asiatics: The Northern Empire.
Prelude to Amarna: Early Eighteenth-Dynasty Wars with Mitanni.
The Egyptian Empire in Syria-Palestine.
The Amarna Letters.
"The Vile Dog of Amurru."
The Fall of Sumur and the Great Syrian Campaign.
The Realpolitik of Akhenaten.
Akhenaten's Attack on Kadesh.
The Asiatic War of Tutankhamun.
The Affair of the Egyptian Queen.
6 Uniting the Two Lands: Domestic Security and the Army in Peacetime.
Akhenaten’s Domestic Policy.
Police and Military Installations at Akhet-aten.
The Western Frontier.
Corps of Engineers.
Naval and Port Security.
Religious Functions of the Military.