The Twentieth-Century Welfare State / Edition 1

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This much-needed book offers a concise and vivid description of the history of Britain's welfare state and of the main controversies that have surrounded it. Just as the great theme of Britain's external political history in the 20th century can be seen as the continuous attempt to adjust to a relatively declining international position, so the great theme of Britain's social history is the development of the welfare state. From relatively modest beginnings under the pre-1914 Liberals to its post-1945 apotheosis, the welfare state has come to dominate many aspects of life in Britain, leaving hardly anyone untouched.
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Editorial Reviews

Offers a concise and vivid description of the British welfare state's history and of the main controversies surrounding it, covering welfare and the public sector, WWI and its impact, WWII and the welfare state, Labor's welfare program, Thatcher and Thatcherism, the independent sector, public expenditure, raising revenue, and the changing labor force. Gladstone is the director of undergraduate studies at the University of Bristol's School for Policy Studies. Annotation c. Book News, Inc., Portland, OR (
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Product Details

  • ISBN-13: 9780312220877
  • Publisher: St. Martin's Press
  • Publication date: 7/28/1999
  • Series: British History in Perspective Series
  • Edition number: 1
  • Pages: 188
  • Product dimensions: 5.67 (w) x 8.83 (h) x 0.63 (d)

Meet the Author

David Gladstone is Director of Undergraduate Studies at the School for Policy Studies, University of Bristol.

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Table of Contents

Introduction 1
1 Antecedents 9
Welfare and the Public Sector 9
Welfare, the Public Sector and Children 11
Welfare, the Public Sector and Adults of Working Age 12
Welfare, the Public Sector and Old Age 15
Explaining the Expansion 16
Reaction to the Expanding State 19
The First World War and its Impact 21
The Interwar Years 23
2 Creation 32
The Classic Welfare State 32
The Second World War and the Welfare State 34
Planning 36
The Beveridge Report, 1942 38
The 1945 General Election 40
Labour's Welfare Programme 42
Reacting to the Welfare State 46
3 Consensus 52
The Changing Statutory Sector 56
The Moving Frontier 66
Crisis 70
4 Reappraisal 73
Thatcher and Thatcherism 74
Thatcherism and the Welfare State 80
The Independent Sector and the Welfare State 87
5 Getting and Spending 92
Public Expenditure: Some Long-term Trends 93
Raising Revenue 98
He who Pays the Piper... 103
Local Welfare, Central Finance 104
Mutual Aid, Charity and Contract 107
Tax and Spend and Public Opinion 110
6 Professionals, Managers and Users 113
The Changing Labour Force 114
Professionals and Consumers 123
7 Gender, Class and Generation 133
Gender 134
Class 142
Generation 147
Bibliography 157
Index 173
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