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As the twentieth century came to a close, the United States experienced an extraordinary transformation of its population. More immigrants, both legal and undocumented, arrived during the decade of the 1990s than in any other decade on record. While immigrants continued to flow into traditional gateways such as New York, Chicago, and Los Angeles, even faster growth occurred in unexpected new locations with no history of immigration —places such as Atlanta, Charlotte, and ...
As the twentieth century came to a close, the United States experienced an extraordinary transformation of its population. More immigrants, both legal and undocumented, arrived during the decade of the 1990s than in any other decade on record. While immigrants continued to flow into traditional gateways such as New York, Chicago, and Los Angeles, even faster growth occurred in unexpected new locations with no history of immigration —places such as Atlanta, Charlotte, and Dallas-Ft. Worth.
T wenty-First Century Gateways focuses on the fastest-growing immigrant populations among "second-tier" metropolitan areas including Atlanta, Austin, Charlotte, Dallas, Minneapolis-St. Paul, Phoenix, Portland, Sacramento, and Washington DC. Today one in five immigrants in the United States lives in a twenty-first-century gateway. These metropolitan areas are characterized by post-WWII urban development and growth, recent burgeoning immigrant populations, and predominantly suburban settlement.
Written by an interdisciplinary group of experts, Twenty-First Century Gateways provides in-depth, comparative analysis of immigration trends and local policy responses in America's newest gateways. The case examples explore the challenges of newcomer integration in those gateways, as well as immigration's impact on suburban infrastructure such as housing, transportation, schools, health care, economic development, and public safety.
The changes wrought by these new suburban settlement patterns have remained largely unexamined until now. Yet they have been critically important in reshaping the United States of today and understanding the future of the impact of immigration. The new trends dissected in this important book present a new context for the social, economic, and political incorporation of the newest Americans.
Foreword Henry Cisneros vii
The New Metropolitan Geography of Immigration
Twenty-First-Century Gateways: An Introduction Audrey Singer 3
Toward a Suburban Immigrant Nation Susan W. Hardwick 31
Emerging Gateways: The Leading Edge of Change
"Big D": Incorporating New Immigrants in a Sunbelt Suburban Metropolis Caroline B. Brettell 53
Diverging Trajectories: Asian and Latino Immigration in Metropolitan Phoenix Alex Oberle Wei Li 87
Unsettled in the Suburbs: Latino Immigration and Ethnic Diversity in Metro Atlanta Mary E. Odem 105
Edge Gateways: Immigrants, Suburbs, and the Politics of Reception in Metropolitan Washington Marie Price Audrey Singer 137
Re-Emerging Gateways: Attracting Immigrants Again
Immigrant Space and Place in Suburban Sacramento Robin Datel Dennis Dingemans 171
Impediments to the Integration of Immigrants: A Case Study in the Twin Cities Katherine Fennelly Myron Orfield 200
"Placing" the Refugee Diaspora in Suburban Portland, Oregon Susan W. Hardwick James E. Meacham 225
Pre-Emerging Gateways: Unexpected Change
Austin: Immigration andTransformation Deep in the Heart of Texas Emily Skop Tara Buentello 257
The "Nuevo South": Latino Place Making and Community Building in the Middle-Ring Suburbs of Charlotte Heather A. Smith Owen J. Furuseth 281
Afterword: Coming to Terms with Federal and Local Immigration Reform Audrey Singer Susan W. Hardwick Caroline B. Brettell 308
Posted June 6, 2009
This is a book for policymakers, intellecturals, service providers, businesses, community activists, or anyone interested in learning how America absorbs newcomers in recent years and how the demographic trends are shaping up the social, cultural, and economic fabric of our suburbs.
The in-depth research on local communities and insightful analysis make this book a great resource.